Orthopedics Sitemap - Page 1 2016-09-26

Sports and Arthritis: Do Athletics Lead to Joint Damage?
Many people engage is sports activities during their younger years, only to grow older and have joint problems. Was it the sports that caused arthritis?

Fractures of the Hook of Hamate Bone in Wrist
Fractures of the hook of the hamate are an injury often seen in athletes. Treatment typically involves a surgical procedure to remove the broken bone.

SLAP Tear of the Shoulder
A SLAP tear of the shoulder is an injury to the labrum of the shoulder joint. SLAP tears typically cause pain when performing overhead activities, such as throwing a ball.

Dislocation of a Hip Replacement Implant
Among the possible complications of hip replacement surgery is dislocation of the implants. When this occurs, the hip replacement must be put back in place.

The Steps to Perform Knee Replacement Surgery
The steps of a knee replacement are described, from diagnosis of arthritis, to implanting the artificial knee.

Shoulder Pain After Vaccine Injection - SIRVA
SIRVA is a condition of chronic shoulder pain that is the result of incorrect vaccine administration into the shoulder.

How to Perform a Hip Replacement Surgery
A total hip replacement surgery is performed to replace a worn out joint with an artificial implant. Here is a step by step instruction guide to this procedure.

Steps of a Hip Replacement - Removing the Worn Out Socket
To perform a hip replacement, the arthritic joint must first be cleaned up and removed. To prepare the socket side of the hip joint, the arthritic socket is scraped clean of arthritis.

Steps of a Hip Replacement - Insertion of the Ball
The last step of a hip replacement operation is to place the metal ball of the ball-and-socket hip joint.

Steps of a Hip Replacement - Removing the Worn Out Hip Joint
The first step of a hip replacement surgery is to remove the damaged ball of the ball-and-socket hip joint. The top of the thigh bone (femur) is also called the femoral head. The femoral head is removed in the first step of hip replacement surgery.

Steps of a Hip Replacement - Placement of the Acetabular Component
After the arthritic, damaged bone has been removed, the hip replacement implants can be placed. The first implant placed is the socket of the ball-and-socket hip joint.

Steps of a Hip Replacement - Preparing the Femur
To perform a hip replacement surgery, the bone must first be prepared to accommodate the implant. One the new socket is placed, attention is turned to preparing a stem on which the ball of the ball-and-socket joint will sit.

Steps of a Hip Replacement - Placement of the Stem
To perform a hip replacement, the arthritic bone and cartilage is first removed. After the bone has been prepared, the femoral stem can be inserted into the hollow thigh bone. The hip replacement implant can be press fit into place or cemented.

Steps of a Hip Replacement - Final Hip Replacement Implant
Once of the parts of a hip replacement implant have been inserted, the final implant is put into proper position. Care is taken with hip replacement implants to ensure the implants do not dislocate.

Rotator Cuff Tear Arthropathy
A rotator cuff tear arthropathy is a dual problem of shoulder arthritis in the setting of a large rotator cuff tear.

Double Bundle ACL Reconstruction Surgery
A double-bundle ACL reconstruction is a new technique used to surgically treat anterior cruciate ligament injuries. Learn more.

Hand Washing to Prevent Infections
Infection prevention is a priority of patients in hospitals. Ensuring your doctor and nurse are washing their hands is the best step to prevent infections.

5 Ways to Ease Back Pain During Pregnancy
Back pain is a common problem in pregnant women. Here are some ideas to help find relief of pregnancy-associated lumbar spine problems.

Are Donor Tissues and Grafts Safe?
How safe are cadaver donated tissues for grafts? Learn how the risks are kept very low by screening and processing to reduce transmission of disease.

Scaphoid Fracture - Signs of a Broken Wrist Bone
A scaphoid fracture is an injury to one of the small bones in the wrist. Treatment may involve surgery to prevent the risk of nonunion.

Transient Osteoporosis of the Hip
Transient osteoporosis of the hip is an unusual condition with pain and bone mass loss of the head of the femur that resolves on its own in a year.

Biceps Tendon Rupture Types and Treatment
The biceps tendon connects the biceps muscle to the bone both at the elbow and the shoulder. Either the proximal end (at the shoulder) or the distal end (at the elbow) may rupture.

Shin Splints - Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome
Shin splints are a common problem in runners and jumping athletes. This symptom of pain over the front of the tibia is what orthopedists call shin splints.

Joint Lubricants or Viscosupplements and How They Work
Joint lubricating injections are called viscosupplementation injections. They are sold under trade names like Orthovisc and Synvisc to treat knee arthritis.

Will Weight Loss Improve Arthritis Symptoms
Many doctors recommend weight loss to alleviate symptoms of arthritis and joint pain, but does weight loss actually help improve symptoms of joint pain?

Calcaneus Fracture - Broken Heel Bone
The calcaneus is the heel bone. Fractures of the heel can be severe injuries and often lead to problems of chronic pain in the foot. Treatment of a broken calcaneus depends on the severity of the injury.

Hip Stress Fracture Causes and Treatment
A hip stress fracture is a serious injury often seen in runners. Here is what you need to know about causes, treatment and preventing displacement.

What Type of Calcium Supplement Is Best?
Which type of calcium supplement is best for bone health and bone healing? Calcium supplements can come as calcium carbonate, calcium citrate, and more.

Surgery for Shoulder Dislocation
Shoulder dislocation treatment may require surgery. Age is the most important factor to determine the likelihood of repeat dislocations.

Spondylolisthesis - Slip of Spinal Vertebrae
In spondylolisthesis, one spinal vertebra slips away from another and they aren't aligned. Learn about the causes, symptoms and how it is treated.

High Ankle Sprain - Complex Ligament Injury Treatment
High ankle sprains are a particular type of ligament injury to the joint. Because of the complexity of these injuries, surgery is sometimes needed.

What Causes Tendonitis (Inflammation of a Tendon)?
Tendonitis is one of the most common orthopedic problems. But what causes tendonitis? This problem can usually be attributed to a combination of the blood supply to the tendon and injury to the tendon.

Can I Be Allergic to a Metal Implant?
Metal implants are often used in orthopedic procedures including joint replacements, fracture repair, and correction of deformities. These implants are made of different types of metals. Some patients have a known sensitivity or allergy to metal, others want to know if their reaction could be the result of an implanted metal device.

Jones Fracture or Fifth Metatarsal Fracture Definition
A Jones fracture is a broken bone on the outside of the foot that can occur without direct impact. Learn how to identify it and when to see a doctor.

Avulsion Fracture Fifth Metatarsal: Pseudo-Jones
Avulsion fractures are the most common type of fracture to the fifth metatarsal at the base of the little toe, pulling off a fragment of bone.

Fifth Metatarsal Bone Fracture Types and Definition
Three common types of fractures occur at the proximal end of the fifth metatarsal: avulsion fractures, Jones fractures, and stress fractures.

Contrast Dye used for X-rays and CAT Scans
Contrast dye is a substance that is injected or taken orally to help improve MRI, X-ray, or CT scan studies.

10 Tips for the Proper Use of Crutches
Crutches are often used after a leg injury, but you need to know how to use them properly. Here are 10 tips that will help you maneuver better.

Tom Brady Injury - ACL Tear
Tom Brady is a professional football player. He sustained an ACL tear and required surgical treatment for this injury.

How Does a Meniscus Tear Heal?
A meniscus tear is a common knee injury. Some require surgery, others repair themselves without it. Learn about what is needed for it to heal itself.

Treatment of an Ingrown Toenail
An ingrown toenail is a painful toe condition when the nail causes irritation and possibly infection of the surrounding nail fold. Treatment of an ingrown toenail may require partial removal of the nail.

Anterior Ankle Impingement Syndrome
Anterior ankle impingement syndrome is a painful condition in which bone spurs develop in the front of the ankle joint. Find out how it is treated.

Achilles Tendon Injury Treatments
Achilles tendonitis treatment can help to alleviate symptoms of pain in the heel. Options include stretching, medications, and ice treatments.

Ryan Howard Achilles Tendon Rupture After Cortisone Injection
Phillies star player Ryan Howard ruptured his Achilles on the last play of the season after having his tendon injected with cortisone.

Peyton Manning Injury - Neck Fusion Surgery
Peyton Manning is a professional football player. In 2011, just before the start of the season, Manning underwent a neck fusion surgery.

Syndesmosis Ankle Ligament Injury
The syndesmosis is the ligament that connects the two bones of the lower leg. Ankle injuries may injure it as well. Learn about syndesmotic tears.

Ankle Fractures - Overview and Symptoms
Broken ankles are among the most common fracture types. Find information about these injuries as well as information about ankle fracture treatment.

Open Fracture Classification of Severe Bone Injuries
Open fractures, also called compound fractures, are severe injuries to bones. These injuries almost always require surgery.

Smoking and Bone Healing
Smoking cigarettes has been shown to have significant impact on broken bone healing. Cigarettes can slow your healing from a fracture.

Bimalleolar and Trimalleolar Ankle Fractures
Bimalleolar ankle fractures are serious injuries that almost always require surgery. Trimalleolar fractures are similar injuries.

Ulnar Collateral Ligament Injuries in Athletes
Tommy John surgery for elbow pain is becoming increasingly common as a treatment for baseball injuries. Learn about this major surgery.

Ankle Fusion Surgery - Procedure Information
Ankle fusion surgery is a treatment for severe arthritis. In surgery, the damaged joint is removed, and the ankle is secured in a proper position.

Ring Avulsion Injuries and Injury from Wedding Band
Finger injuries as a result of a ring getting caught can cause severe damage to blood vessels and possibly lead to finger amputation.

Collagenase Injections for Dupuytren's Contracture
The most recent treatment option for Dupuytren's contracture is an injection of an enzyme called collagenase, sold as Xiaflex.

MRSA Infections in Athletes
MRSA is a type of infection that can occur on the skin. During athletic events, there are often times when the MRSA infection can be transmitted.

Why Do Fingers Wrinkle When In Water?
Finger wrinkling is a bit of a mystery. While some think the question has been solved, it is still unclear exactly why this phenomenon occurs.

Wrist Arthritis Surgery - Options for Treatment
Treatment of wrist arthritis with surgery may depend on the extent and location of the arthritis. Options include fusion, removal of bone, or replacement.

Rib Stress Fracture - Overuse Bone Injury
Rib stress fractures are injuries that occur most often in athletes. Allowing the bone to heal with rest is often the only treatment.

Forearm Compartment Syndrome - Injury in Rowers and Motocross Athletes
Forearm compartment syndrome is an overuse injury uncommon in most athletes, but often seen in rowers and motocross riders.

Hardware Removal: The Most Difficult Orthopedic Surgery
Hardware removal surgery can be complicated by difficulty removing surgical implants. That's why some surgeons consider this the most difficult procedure.

Are Ultrasound Guided Joint Injections Better?
More doctors are using portable ultrasound machines to guide joint and tendon injections. Do they produce better results or just make bills higher?

High Pressure Injection Injuries to the Hand and Fingers
High-pressure industrial spray guns are used for paint, lubricants, solvents, and other uses. Finger injuries from these can lead to amputation.

Carpal Tunnel and Typing: Does Use of a Keyboard Cause CTS
Many people blame carpal tunnel syndrome on computer or keyboard use, but scientific data would suggest there is no link. Surprised?

Outpatient Total Hip Replacement Surgery
Outpatient joint replacement surgery is becoming more common. Is a hip replacement done as an outpatient a safe option?

Elbow (Olecranon) Bursitis Signs and Treatments
Elbow bursitis occurs when there is pain and swelling in the back of the joint. People with elbow bursitis usually improve with simple treatment.

Gout Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment
Gout is a common condition that can cause joint pain and swelling. Gouty attacks may come back in some individuals, and can lead to other problems. Controlling gout with medication is an important part of treatment.

Posterior Cruciate Ligament: PCL Tears and Treatment
PCL tears are injuries to one of the four major knee ligaments. Isolated PCL tears can most often be treated without surgery.


Knee Images and Pictures - Photos and X-Rays of the Knee
The knee joint is a commonly injured and often imaged joint. Here are some photos, x-rays, and images of the joint and common problems with it.







Apply an Ice Pack
Ice can be a helpful initial step in the treatment of bursitis.

Strengthening and Physical Therapy
Physical therapy activities can help to improve joint mechanics and prevent bursitis.

Take Breaks from Activity
Resting your bursitis can allow the body to heal.

Cushion Your Joints
Protecting a bursa with padding can help prevent bursitis.

Treatment and Prevention of Bursitis
Treatment of bursitis is dependent of taking several steps. By treating this properly you can also prevent a recurrence of the condition.

Take Anti-Inflammatory Medications
Anti-inflammatory medications can help reduce pain and decrease inflammation in people with bursitis.

Consider a Cortisone Shot
Cortisone is a powerful anti-inflammatory medication delivered directly to the site of inflammation.

Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis, and the medications used to treat RA, can affect the immune response needed to prevent infection.

Obesity is one of the major risk factors for developing infection after joint replacement surgery.

Joint Replacement Infections
Joint replacement infections are serious complications. Learn some of the risk factors that make infection a more likely complication.

Poor Nutrition
Poor nutrition has been shown to correlate with a higher risk of developing infection after joint replacement.

Long Surgical Time
A longer surgical time can expose the surgical wound for too long, and increase the chance of a joint replacement infection.

Poorly controlled diabetes is a risk factor for developing a joint replacement infection.

Questions to Ask Before Your Child Has X-rays or CT Scans
Radiation exposure is part of many types of medical imaging. When xray and CT scans are needed in kids, precautions should be taken to limit exposure.

Treatments for Painful Plantar Fasciitis
Treatment of plantar fasciitis consists of rest, exercises, and inserts for your shoes. With simple treatments, most patients fully recover.

Causes of Finger Injuries and Pain
Finger injuries are a common cause of pain in the hand. Learn about your finger injury and what treatments might be available.

Sensitivity and Allergy to Metals in a Knee Replacement
Metal reactions to joint replacement implants are rare, but may be a source of pain and stiffness. Hypersensitivity may require revision surgery.

Carpal Tunnel Surgery: Endoscopic or Open Surgery
Carpal tunnel release surgery is performed to relieve pain and numbness in the fingers. Is open surgery or endoscopic a better option for you?

Finger Sprains and Dislocations
Finger sprains and dislocations are injuries to the ligaments and soft tissues around the small joints of the fingers.

How a Meniscus Transplant Surgery Is Performed
Meniscus transplant surgery is performed by inserting a new donor cartilage into the knee joint. There are risks that patients should understand.

Causes of Calf Pain and Treatment Options
Calf pain occurs when there is pain in the back of the leg between the knee and ankle. Determining the cause of calf pain can guide treatment.

Kneecap Instability - Patellar Subluxation
In some patients, patellar subluxation can result in kneecap dislocation, a painful situation when the kneecap pops out of place.

Four Shoe Inserts to Help Control Foot Pain
Foot pain is a common complaint and can cause symptoms with every step you take. Here are some products that help control foot pain.

Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Treatment
Spinal stenosis treatment is aimed at reducing the compression of the nerves of the spine. Surgical treatment is sometimes needed for spinal stenosis.

Golfer's Elbow: Medial Epicondylitis Causing Elbow Pain
Golfer's elbow is a condition of tendon irritation that causes pain on the inner side of the elbow. Learn about causes and treatment of this problem.

Infection After Total Joint Replacement Surgery
Infection after a total joint replacement surgery is a serious complication that may require removal. Learn the risk factors and prevention tactics.

Treatments for Common Running Injuries
Running injuries are common and often expected. Learn about common running injuries and what you can do for treatment.

What Is a Bunionette or Tailor's Bunion on the Foot?
A bunionette is a condition that causes a painful bump on the outside of the foot below the pinkie toe. It is usually caused by constricting footwear.

Broken Metal In Body - Failed Fracture Repair
Metal implants can fail, leading to broken hardware in the body. Often occurring when fractured bones don't heal completely, more surgery may be needed.

How to Safely Remove a Cast With a Cast Saw
How does a cast saw work and how safe is it when used to remove a cast? Learn about what to expect and how complications are prevented.

What Is Wrist Tendonitis or Tenosynovitis?
Information about wrist tendonitis, a common problem that can cause pain and swelling around the wrist. Wrist tendonitis is due to inflammation of the tendon.

AC Joint Reconstruction Surgery: Repair a Separated Shoulder
Acromioclavicular joint injuries may require surgery. There are several surgical options from repair to reconstruction, what's the difference?

Information About Spinal Stenosis
Learn about spinal stenosis, a common cause of back and leg pain, that is the narrowing of the canal in which the spinal cord travels.

7 Steps to Treat Hip Bursitis
Hip bursitis treatment consists of allowing the inflammation to diminish, then PT and stretching. Rarely is surgery needed for hip bursitis treatment.

6 Causes of Back Pain in Kids, and When to Worry
Back pain in children and adolescents is unexpected but common. If it's causing you anxiety, know that it's most often treated with simple steps.

Treatments for Lateral Epicondylitis (Tennis Elbow)
Tennis elbow, or lateral epicondylitis, is a common cause of elbow pain. Learn about the many treatments for tennis elbow that may provide relief.

How Many Cortisone Shots Can I Have?
Cortisone injections are used in treating orthopedic conditions. Is there a limit to the number of cortisone injections a patient can have?

How to Know if You Need a Cortisone Injection
Cortisone injections are safe treatments for inflammation including bursitis, tendonitis and arthritis. Learn about how a steroid shot can help.

Side Effects of Cortisone Shots
Cortisone injections are often used to treat orthopedic problems. Many people are concerned about cortisone shots, and wonder about the side effects are.

How Long Do Cortisone Shots Take to Work
How long after being given a cortisone injection does it take for the medication to take effect? Learn about the pain relief from a steroid shot.

Peroneal Tendon Tears and Tendonitis Treatment
Injuries to the peroneal tendons on the outside of the ankle joint can include tears and tendonitis. Learn about treatment and possible surgery.

Signs and Symptoms That You May Have Arthritis
Wondering if your joint pain is caused by arthritis? Here are the warning signs of arthritis so you know if you have joint inflammation.

Do Cortisone Injections Work in Treating Carpal Tunnel?
Cortisone injections have long been used as a treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome. These shots can often provide significant relief of carpal tunnel.

Anabolic Steroids vs. Cortisone Injections
Anabolic steroid or cortisone shot? Learn about why people take steroid medications or have them prescribed​, the differences and side effects.

Herniated Disc as a Cause of Low Back and Leg Pain
One of the common back problems is a herniated disc, a condition that can cause pressure on the spinal nerves. Learn about the treatments available.

Tendonitis - Symptomgs, Diagnosis, and Treatments
Tendonitis is a condition that causes pain and swelling of tendons. Learn more about the symptoms and about how prompt treatment helps relieve symptoms.

Hip Arthritis Diagnosis and Treatment
There are many treatments available for hip arthritis from simple to invasive. Learn which treatments may be helpful.

Complications of Carpal Tunnel Surgery
Surgery is a common treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome. There are possible complications that patients should understand.

Trigger Finger - Painful Snapping and Locking of the Fingers
A trigger finger is a problem that causes a painful snapping in the hand. Most people with trigger finger can find relief with simple treatment.

Tennis Elbow Treatment Options
Learn about treatment options for tennis elbow. Treatments for tennis elbow include medications, cortisone injections, and possibly surgery.

What Are the Causes of Ankle Swelling?
Ankle swelling is a common symptom of many conditions of this joint. Determining the correct cause of it can help to guide the most effective treatment.

Bursitis - Signs and Treatments
Among the most common orthopedics problems, bursitis causes inflammation and pain around joints. Learn about bursitis, and possible treatment options.

Lumbar Spine Arthritis and Facet Joints
Arthritis can affect the small joints of the lumbar spine called the facet joints. Lumbar spine arthritis is commonly seen in with other spine conditions.

Squeaking Hip Replacements
Often a squeaking hip replacement is just an inconvenience, but sometimes a noisy hip may be a sign of problems with the implant.

Types of Tendonitis
Tendonitis can cause pain and swelling of just about any tendon in the body, but some particular tendons are much more prone to irritation and inflammation.

Cortisone Injections in Diabetics
Cortisone injections are used for treatment of tendonitis, bursitis, and arthritis. Possible side-effects in diabetic patients include elevated blood sugar.

Prevent Bunions - How to Avoid Foot Pain
Bunions are a common, but treatable problem that can cause foot and toe pain. If you have bunions, here are some ideas on how to prevent foot pain.

Colles Fracture Definiton - Broken Wrist
A Colles' fracture is a specific type of wrist fracture (broken wrist). The names Colles' fracture comes from the physician who first described this injury.

Q-Angle of the Knee Definition
The Q-angle of the knee is the angle formed at the center of the kneecap. An increase in Q-angle is thought to be important in identifying patients at risk for kneecap problems.

Foot Pain (Metatarsalgia) Causes and Treatment
Foot pain cause problems under the ball of the forefoot. Treatment of foot pain in this area can usually be accomplished with footwear and shoe inserts.

Leg Cramp - Treatment and Prevention of Muscle Spasms
Leg cramps are painful, unexpected muscle spasms that often occur in the lower extremity. Treatment of leg cramps can help to relieve these painful episodes.

Finger Tendon Infections - Flexor Tenosynovitis
Flexor tenosynovitis is an infection of the finger flexor tendon sheath. It is a serious problem that needs immediate and aggressive treatment.

Finger Joint Replacement Surgery
When should you get a finger joint replacement? Arthritis commonly affects your hands, learn about when implant surgery is recommended to treat it.

Finger Arthritis Signs, Symptoms, and Treatment
Arthritis is commonly seen in the joints of the fingers. The knuckle joints of the fingers are frequently affected in patients with osteoarthritis.

Exercise Options for Arthritis
Both weight loss and muscle strengthening can help to reduce painful arthritis symptoms. Learn options for exercise when you have arthritis.

How Ankle Arthritis Can Be Treated
Ankle arthritis is uncommon but quite painful. Learn about what can cause it, how it can be treated with simple steps and when surgery may be needed.

Epidural Steroid Injection for Backpain
Epidural steroid injections are a treatment of back and spine problems. During an epidural injection, a cortisone shot is given in the spine.

Are We Trading Concussions For Leg Injuries?
By preventing concussion injuries, regulations to prevent head injury may lead to an increase in knee and ankle injuries in football players.

How to Treat Elbow Bursitis
Most often treatment of elbow bursitis can be achieved with a few simple steps. In some unusual circumstances, surgery may be needed. Learn more.

Hip Fracture: What You Need to Know About Broken Hips
A hip fracture is a common injury, especially in people with osteoporosis. A broken hip usually requires surgery for treatment.

PRP Injections for Joint Pain and Tendonitis
Platelet rich plasma, PRP, is a treatment to accelerate healing for patients with conditions including tendonitis, arthritis, and other injuries.

Discoid Meniscus - Popping Knee Syndrome
A discoid meniscus an abnormally shaped lateral meniscus within the knee joint. Treatment depends on the extent of symptoms.

The Funny Bone - Ulnar Nerve Pain in the Elbow
When you hit your funny bone, you actually are hitting a nerve, the ulnar nerve, as it passes behind the elbow.

Burner - Stinger - Football Injury
The condition called a burner or stinger is common in contact sports, especially football. Burners and stingers are due to either stretch or compression of the brachial plexus.

Disc Bulge - Possible Source of Back Pain?
A disc bulge occurs when the cushion between the vertebrae pushes outwards towards the spinal cord or the spinal nerves.

Hip Click - Exam of a Newborn Baby
A hip click is a finding on the examination of a newborn baby. Babies who have a hip click may have hip dysplasia.

Closed Fracture - Broken Bone That Doesn't Penetrate Skin
A closed fracture is a broken bone when the skin over the fracture site is in tact. A closed fracture is treated differently from an open, or compound, fracture.

Knee Anatomy - Bones, Muscles, Tendons, and Ligaments
The knee joint is the junction of the thigh and leg. Learn the muscles, tendons, bones and ligaments of the knee joint anatomy.

Treatment Exercises for Groin Strain
An important part of treatment of a groin strain is a stretching program. Groin injuries can also be prevented with an appropriate stretching routine.

Groin Strain Stretching - Butterfly Stretch
The butterfly stretch for a groin strain is performed in a sitting position. This stretches the muscles of the inner thigh.

Groin Strain Stretching - Adductor Stretch
The adductor stretch emphasizes the groin muscles of the inner thigh. The adductor stretch can be done for treatment of a groin strain.

Groin Strain Stretching - Cross Leg Stretch
The cross leg stretch is part of the groin stretching program. The cross leg stretch emphasizes the muscles of the front and inner thigh.

Minimally Invasive Laser Spine Surgery
Minimally invasive spine surgery uses techniques that limit the size of the incision with the hope that recovery will improve.

Treatment of Broken Bones - Fracture Care Options
Treatment of a broken bone may require a cast, surgery, or other procedures. Learn options for management of fractures with different treatments.

7 Treatment Options for Calcific Tendonitis of the Shoulder
There are many treatments available for calcific tendonitis of the shoulder, some more successful. Most patients find relief with non surgical options.

When Is a Meniscus Transplant an Option?
A meniscus transplant is a procedure that replaces the wedge shaped cartilage of the knee joint. The meniscus transplant procedure uses donor tissue to replace tissue that was removed at a prior surgery.

How to Reduce a Dislocated Shoulder
How can you fix a dislocated shoulder? The procedure is called reducing the shoulder. Here are the steps to take when medical help isn't available.

Posterior Shoulder Dislocation
Posterior shoulder dislocations occur when the ball comes out of the back of the shoulder socket.

Tibia Fractures
Tibia fractures involve injury to the shin bone. The most common types of tibia fractures include tibial plateau fractures, tibial shaft fractures, and tibial plafond fractures. Each injury type is discussed here, including treatments available.

Shoulder Dislocation
Shoulder dislocations occur after falls or other serious injuries, and often require someone to pop the joint back into place.

Knee Surgery - Information and Types
Knee surgery can be performed for the treatment of many different conditions. Common knee surgery procedures are described.

Toenail Problems and Treatment of Toe Conditions
Toe pain and toenail problems are common disorders. Learn what could be causing your toe pain or your toenail problem, and what you can do for treatment.

Surgery Not Needed for Rotator Cuff Tears
Most rotator cuff tears never need surgery. The vast majority of rotator cuff tears never even cause symptoms. Learn your treatment options.

Rotator Cuff Surgery Rehabilitation and Recovery
Rotator cuff surgery is performed when the rotator cuff tendons in the shoulder have been torn. Rehab after rotator cuff surgery helps recovery.

Hip Replacement Implants: Why They Loosen Over Time
Hip replacement implants may loosen over time, a process called osteolysis. If this is the case, hip replacement revision surgery may be necessary.

Orthopedics. Page 2.

Common Hip Pain and Injuries in Athletes
Hip pain is a relatively uncommon problem in athletes, but it can be a significant problem when an athlete sustains a hip injury.

Wrist Arthritis - Causes, Symptoms & Treatments
Wrist arthritis is a problem that can cause pain and difficulty performing activities. There are several causes of wrist arthritis, and many treatments.

Classes Needed to Become an Orthopedic Surgeon
What classes are necessary to become an orthopedic surgeon? It's more important to have diverse interests and knowing how to display those interests.

Glenoid Fractures - Broken Bone of the Shoulder Socket
Glenoid fractures are unusual injuries where the socket of the shoulder is damaged. Glenoid fractures are concerning because of cartilage damage.

Surgical Options for Patella Dislocations
A dislocation of the patella can be problematic as repeat dislocations are common. Learn about four types of surgery that can prevent recurrence.

All About Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Carpal tunnel syndrome is a common problem that causes pain and numbness in the hand and fingers. Learn about symptoms of this problem and treatment options.

Tibial Plateau Fracture - Broken Top of Shin Bone
Tibial plateau fractures occur just below the knee joint and can involve the cartilage surface of the knee. Tibial plateau fractures may be treated surgically to realign the broken bone and restore stability to the knee joint.

How To Evaluate a Surgeon's Experience With a Procedure
Surgeon experience is important in predicting success rates. How many surgeries should your doctor to have performed and how can you find this out?

Ways to Find a Good Orthopedic Surgeon
Find an Orthopedic Surgeon. Finding the right doctor can be difficult, but these suggestions will help you find good orthopedic surgeons in your area.

Hip Pointer - Pain From Sports Collision to the Joint
A hip pointer is an injury usually seen in football players. When a player sustains a hip pointer, the bone and muscle over the iliac crest is bruised.

Common Football Injuries - Concussions and More
Football injuries are a common problem because of the nature of the sport. Here you will find information about football injuries and their treatment.

Muscle Bruise - Soft-Tissue Contusion
Muscle contusions are injuries to muscle tissue caused by a blow to the soft-tissue. These injuries are commonly seen in contact sports.

Orthopedic Conditions in Newborns
Several orthopedic conditions are unique to the newborns. Babies may have problems as a result of the birth process, or an underlying condition. Newborns are examined for common orthopedic conditions.

Pectoralis Major (Pec) Muscle Rupture
The pectoralis major muscle can rupture in activities such as the bench press. When you sustain a torn pec, surgical repair may be needed.

Massive Rotator Cuff Tear Treatment Options
Massive rotator cuff tears of the shoulder have unique treatment considerations. Learn about these options including non-surgical methods and surgery.

What is the Rotator Cuff of the Shoulder?
The rotator cuff is a group of four tendons that surround the shoulder joint. Often called the

Partial Rotator Cuff Tear Diagnosis & Treatment
A partial rotator cuff tear is a type of torn rotator cuff where only some of the tendon had been damaged.

Rotator Cuff Tear Treatments
Rotator cuff treatment may include physical therapy, anti-inflammatory pain medications, cortisone injections, and surgery.

Shoulder Bursitis Treatment
Shoulder bursitis is the most common cause of pain in the shoulder joint. Learn some of the treatments to relieve pain from this condition.

Double Knee Replacement (Bilateral)
Having a bilateral knee replacement means having both knees done at one time, a procedure often referred to as a double knee replacement.

Overview of Dynamic Stabilization
Dynamic stabilization is a type of surgical procedure used to stabilize the lumbar spine in individuals with chronic low back pain.

Hip Arthroscopy - Treatment and Rehab from Surgery
A hip arthroscopy is a surgery used to look inside a joint. By using small incisions with hip arthroscopy, the procedure is less invasive and rehab is faster.

Achilles Tendon Tear - Symptoms, Causes & Treatment
An Achilles tendon tear is a common injury seen in middle-aged athletes. Treatment of an Achilles tendon tear is most often with surgery to reattach the torn edges of the ruptured tendon.

Sciatica - Leg Pain Resulting From Nerve Compression
Sciatica is a cause of leg pain, tingling, and numbness. Often described as an electric shock that travels down the leg, sciatica is the result of a pinched nerve.

Lisfranc Injury Fracture Dislocation of the Foot
The Lisfranc injury is a dislocation that may include a fracture of the midfoot. It is uncommon and the treatment usually requires surgery.

Plantar Fasciitis Cause of Heel Pain
Plantar fasciitis is a condition that causes heel and arch pain. Learn about treatment of this condition and how to find relief of pain.

Orthopedics. Page 2.

Limbrel Prescription Botanical Medical Food
Limbrel is a medication used to treat inflammation. It is a prescription medical food made from bark and root extracts with anti-inflammatory effects.

Overview of Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is a condition that causes weakening of the bone. The diagnosis of osteoporosis is concerning because of the increased chance of sustaining a fracture due to the weak bone. Treatment of osteoporosis depends on the cause of your condition, the severity of bone loss, and the response to treatments.

Heel Spurs: Causes, Treatment, and Surgery
A heel spur is a hook of bone that forms on the bone at the back of the foot. Heel spurs cause pain on the bottom of the foot.

Are Operating Rooms Cold to Prevent Infection?
It is commonly thought that cold operating rooms help prevent infection. In fact, keeping patients warm during surgery can help prevent infections.

What Are The Causes of Arthritis?
What causes arthritis? It is difficult to determine what causes arthritis in every situation, but there are some factors that can contribute to it.

Knee Anatomy, Diagnoses, Symptoms, and Treatments
The knee is the joint that connects the thigh and leg. Three bones come together at the joint. Injuries to the knee are a common problem.

How Physical Therapy Can Help Your Recovery
Physical therapy is an important part of treatment for many conditions. Physical therapists can help regain mobility and return to activity.

Ankle Sprain Treatment, and Rehab to Speed Recovery
Proper treatment of an ankle sprain injury will require rehab to regain mobility and strength of the ankle joint. Learn how to speed your recovery.

Osteoarthritis - Wear and Tear of Joint Cartilage
Osteoarthritis is a common type of arthritis, a condition of destruction of the cartilage surfaces in a joint. Once thought to be due to wear and tear of the cartilage, osteoarthritis is now better understood to be much more complex.

Orthopedics. Page 2.

Orthopedics. Page 3.

Partial Knee Replacement - Surgery For Part of the Joint
Partial knee replacement is a minimally invasive surgery used for treatment of severe knee arthritis that is confined to a limited part of the joint.

Osteogenesis Imperfecta - Brittle Bone Disease
Osteogenesis imperfecta, commonly called brittle bone disease, is a condition caused by a genetic mutation in the production of collagen.

Sports Hernia Symptoms and Treatment
A sports hernia is an injury seen in athletes in a variety of activities. It occurs when there is a weakening of the muscles of the abdominal wall.

Walking Aids - Canes, Walkers and Crutches
Walking aids are used for people with new injuries or chronic conditions that prevent normal ambulation. These include crutches, canes, and walkers.

Buy Shoes - Tips for Ensuring Proper Footwear Selection
Here are a few tips to take when buying a new pair of shoes. Some simple reminders to ensure you find a pair that fits well for you.

What Is a Carpal Boss?
Carpal bossing is a condition that causes a lump of bone to form on the back of the wrist. Treatment if needed may require surgery to remove the bump.

Myositis Ossificans - Musle Injury in Athletes
Myositis ossificans is a condition that causes abnormal bone formation within deep muscle tissue. It may occur after an athlete has a muscle injury.

What Are the Different Types of Arthritis?
Arthritis describes the inflammation of a joint. The most common cause of arthritis is due to wear and tear arthritis or osteoarthritis.

Femoral Osteoplasty - Removal of Bone Spurs from Hip
Removal of bone spurs, called an osteoplasty, is a surgical procedure to address a common cause of hip pain called femoroacetabular impingement (FAI).

Greenstick Fracture - Incompletely Broken Bone in Children
A greenstick fracture is a common injury in children. Because a child's bone is flexible, it is possible to bend, and not completely break the bone.

Distal Clavicle Osteolysis - AC Joint Pain
Distal clavicle osteolysis is an unusual condition that causes pain over the top of the shoulder joint, most often seen in young, male weightlifters.

What Shoulder Replacement Can Do for You
Shoulder replacement surgery is performed to remove damaged arthritic bone and replace it with a metal and plastic implant. Recovery can last months.

Arthritis Pain Relief and Treatments
Treatment of arthritis pain can be a challenge for those that suffer from this condition. Many medications are available for arthritis pain relief. Not all medications and supplements are effective for every individual, but there are treatment options you can try for arthritis pain relief.

Elbow Fractures in Children
Elbow fractures are common childhood injuries. Children who injure their elbow should be evaluated by a doctor to assess for an elbow fracture.

Orthopedics. Page 2.

Treatment of a Broken Ankle
Determining the right treatment of an ankle fracture can be difficult as options range from observation to surgery. Learn how to choose treatment of a broken ankle.

Should I Exercise Before Joint Replacement Surgery
A recent study has investigated the effects of initiating an exercise routine before undergoing hip-replacement or knee-replacement surgery.

What Type of Hip Replacement Implant Is Best?
There are many orthopedic companies that produce different implants used in surgery. Which hip replacement implant is best?

Recommended Treatments for Knee Osteoarthritis
A recent report from the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons has outlined recommended treatments for patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. The study investigated different treatments, and looked at the best research available, to make guideline recommendations for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis.

Blown Out Knee Joint
A blown out knee is often used to describe a severe sports-related injury to the ligaments and cartilage of the joint.

Latarjet Surgery - Preventing Shoulder Dislocation
Latarjet surgery is a procedure designed to prevent repeat shoulder dislocations. It uses bone from the shoulder blade to repair the socket.

5 Problems With Hip Replacement Surgery
Hip replacement complications are not common, but can occur. Here are 5 problems that can occur as a result of surgery and how to prevent them.

Pathologic Hip Fracture
A patient with metastatic breast cancer sustains a pathologic fracture of her femur just below the hip joint.

Metastatic Breast Cancer to Hip with Fracture
A patient with metastatic breast cancer has weakened bone in the hip. Because of the breast cancer lesion, she sustained a pathologic fracture.

Treatment of a Pathologic Fracture
A patient with a pathologic fracture of the thigh bone requires surgical treatment. In this case, breast cancer had weakened the bone and now this patient undergoes a rodding of a pathologic fracture.

Knee Replacements in Young Patients
How young is too young to have a knee replacement? Once reserved for elderly patients who have no other options, knee replacement surgery is now being performed in younger patients with excellent results.

Frozen Shoulder - Siffness Called Adhesive Capsulitis
A frozen shoulder is a condition that causes pain and limited motion of the shoulder joint. Finding the cause of a frozen shoulder can be difficult.

Are Cortisone Injections Bad for You?
Cortisone injections are used for many orthopedic problems. Are cortisone injections safe or are they harmful?

Orthopedics. Page 2.

Rotator Cuff Tears - Diagnosis, Symptoms, and Treatment Options
Rotator cuff tears are a common injury of the shoulder. Learn more about a rotator cuff tear, and what can be done for treatment of this condition.

How To Prevent Arthritis Progression
Patients diagnosed with early arthritis often worry about needing joint replacement surgery. However, most people with early arthritis can take steps to prevent the progression of their disease.

A Ligament is a Structure that Connects Two Bones
A ligament is a structure that connects two bones. Ligaments are found at joints, the junction of two bones. Ligaments are designed to allow the joint to move, but limit the motion such that the joint does not dislocate.

Arthritis Definition and Introduction to New Treatments
Many medications and surgical procedures have been used for decades to treat this disease's pain and stiffness, new treatments are being developed.

Orthopedics. Page 2.

Boutonniere Finger Deformity from Tendon Injury
A Boutonniere deformity is a finger injury that occurs as a result of tendon damage often from a jammed finger.

Can ACL Tears Be Prevented? Prevention of ACL Tears in Women
ACL tears are significant injuries for athletes, and they require extensive rehabilitation after surgery. Can ACL tears be prevented?

Pulled Hamstring - Muscle Strain Injury of the Thigh
A pulled hamstring is a sports injury that causes pain and muscle spasm in the back of the thigh. Knowing about strains can help with treatment.

Enchondroma Benign Bone Island
An enchondroma is a type of benign tumor. These tumors consist of cartilage cells, but they are found inside bone where cartilage is not expected.

Side Effects of Bisphosphonate Medications for Osteoporosis
Medications called bisphosphonates are commonly used in the treatment of osteoporosis. Learn about common side effects of bisphosphonate medications.

Pain Medication and Treatment Options
The most effective treatment of chronic pain utilizes a long-term approach and efforts to attack the pain with different types of treatments.

Groin Strain - Muscle Injury Treatment
A groin pull is a sports injury that is due to a strain of the muscles of the inner thigh. Proper treatment can help speed your return from this pulled muscle.

11 Causes of Shoulder Pain and Treatment Options
Shoulder pain is an extremely common complaint that has many causes. Determining the diagnosis can help guide effect treatment of shoulder pain.

Knee Swelling: Causes and Treatments for Swollen Joints
A swollen knee is a common complaint of people with knee pain. Learn the causes of knee swelling and what treatments might help this condition.

Treatment Fractures and Breaks of the Wrist
A wrist fracture is a common orthopedic injury. Patients who sustain a broken wrist may be treated in a cast, or may need surgery for treatment.

How to Prevent Surgical Infections
Infections following surgical procedures are a concern for any patient. While the risk of infection is usually small, the problems can be serious.

Shoulder Bursitis Surgery: Subacromial Decompression
Surgery for treatment of shoulder bursitis is called a subacromial decompression. Learn about how surgery can be used to cure shoulder bursitis.

Common Causes of Back Pain - Diagnosis and Treatment
Back pain is a common cause of disability. Learn about the common causes of back pain, and what treatments may help with your condition.

Cast Decorating Ideas - How to Brighten Your Cast
Having a cast for treatment of a broken bone can be a drag. So why not have some fun with your cast? Here are some ideas to brighten your cast.

Common Injuries That Occur During Childbirth
While injuries to the baby during childbirth are uncommon, they do occur. The most common orthopedic birth injuries include bone and nerve problems.

Ankle Rehab with a Balance or Wobble Board
A wobble board will help you increase ankle motion and strength of an injured ankle joint. This is a great rehab tool for difficult ankle sprains.

De Quervain's Tenosynovitis Wrist Tendonitis
DeQuervain's tenosynovitis is a painful type of wrist tendonitis, caused by overuse. It can be treated with splinting and a cortisone injection.

How Long Do Knee Replacements Last?
Knee replacement surgery is a treatment option for patients with severe joint arthritis. While knee replacements can last a long time, they do not last forever. Often people are worried about their knee replacements wearing out in their lifetime. How long will a knee replacement last?

Neuromuscular Training For Prevention of ACL Tears
Neuromuscular training is used to teach proper biomechanic movements of the body to prevent ACL tears, especially in young athletes.

Hip Osteonecrosis - Avascular Necrosis of the Hip
Hip osteonecrosis, also called avascular necrosis, causes a disruption in the blood supply to the bone around the hip.

Meniscus Repair Surgery - Treatment Torn Meniscus Cartilage
A meniscus repair is a surgical procedure performed on the torn knee cartilage. If there is a chance that the cartilage tear can heal, a meniscus repair is an option.

Bunion Surgery - Treatment, Rehab and Complications
Surgery is considered for treatment of a bunion when shoe modifications are not enough to relieve symptoms.

Shoulder Arthroscopy
Arthroscopic shoulder surgery can be done to treat a variety of shoulder problems. Many patients prefer arthroscopic surgery because of smaller incisions and faster recovery.

Injections for Treating Tennis Elbow
Injections are often used as a treatment for tennis elbow, but little is known about the effects of these injections. Determining which treatment is right for tennis elbow is complex.

Infection After Knee Replacement Surgery
Complications of knee replacement surgery are rare, but they can occur. One of the most concerning complications of a knee replacement is infection.

Hip Labral Tear: Torn Cartilage in the Hip Joint
The hip joint is a ball-and-socket joint surrounded by a ring of cartilage called the hip labrum. Joint injuries can result in a hip labral tear.

ORIF - Open Reduction Internal Fixation of a Broken Bone
ORIF is an abbreviation for open reduction, internal fixation, used when a patient needs surgery to have a fracture, broken bone, fixed in surgery.

Stiffness After Knee Replacement
Stiffness after knee replacement is a common problem, and can often be treated with simple steps.

Osgood-Schlatter Disease and Knees Growing Pains
Osgood-Schlatter disease is a common condition in children. Often referred to as growing pains of the knees, treatment usually responds to simple steps.

MRI of the Knee
The MRI is a valuable tool for imaging of orthopedic problems. MRIs are commonly performed on the knee joint.

Understanding MRI Reports
If you are trying to understand your MRI report, and the words are not making sense, read through this information. Page 2.

5 Common Causes of Heel Pain
Heel pain is a common complaint that can be caused by several conditions. Learn how to heal from this painful condition.

Costochondritis - Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment
Costochondritis is a condition that can cause rib pain resulting from cartilage inflammation. Typically this will improve with simple treatments.

Bunions - Toe and Foot Pain Caused by Bunions
A bunion is a common, painful toe problem. A bunion can interfere with footwear and cause pain on the inside of the foot.

Labral Tear - Torn Shoulder Labrum
A torn labrum is an injury to the shoulder joint. Labral tears can cause pain, instability, and difficulty with activities, but treatments are available.

Most Common Causes for Wrist Pain
Wrist pain is an extremely common complaint that has many causes. In order for proper treatment of wrist pain, the cause must be identified.

Femur Fracture | Broken Thigh Bone Treatment
A femur fracture is an injury to the thigh bone usually caused by a major injury. Treatment of a broken femur most often requires surgery.

MRI with a Metal Implant or HIp, Knee Replacement
Patients cannot have a MRI if they have some types of metal implants. Fortunately, most orthopedic implants are safe for MRI machines.

Lumbar Disk Replacement
Lumbar disk replacement surgery is a new treatment option for some types of low back pain. The future of spine surgery may include lumbar disk replacement as it has some potential advantages over spinal fusion. Page 2.

Lumbar Disc Replacement Treatment for Low Back Pain
Lumbar disc replacement surgery is a treatment option for some types of low back pain. Recently FDA approved in the United States, lumbar disc replacement research is most active in Europe.

Hand and Wrist Lumps and Bumps
There are many types of lumps and bumps that can be found on hands and wrists. Some of these bumps are cysts, some are tumors, and others are bone spurs.

Options for Trigger Finger Treatment
Trigger finger treatments may consist of simple steps or a surgical procedure. Determining the best treatment requires an understanding of the likelihood of success with each option.

When to Have Knee Replacement Surgery
What are signs you need, or don't need, knee replacement surgery. Learn how to know when the time is right for you to have knee replacement surgery.

Femoroacetabular Impingement and Early Hip Arthritis
Femoroacetabular impingement is a condition that can develop into hip-joint arthritis. Determining the optimal management of FAI is a subject of debate.

Thumb Arthritis
Thumb arthritis is one of the most common places in the body that people can be affected with wear and tear of the joint. The treatment of thumb arthritis usually begins with simple steps.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Definition
The anterior cruciate ligament - ACL - is one of four ligaments that are critical to the stability of the knee. It is the most frequent one injured.

Meniscus Tear - Options for Torn Knee Cartilage Treatment
A meniscus tear is an injury that can cause pain in the knee joint. Often referred to as torn cartilage, treatment may require surgery.

Knee Braces for Support and Injury Prevention
Knee braces are used in the treatment and prevention of many common knee injuries. A knee brace is designed to control knee motion.

What Do Common Symptoms of Knee Pain Mean?
Knee pain is a common orthopedic problem, and patients often complain of different knee pain symptoms. What do these symptoms mean?

Complications and Risks of Knee Replacement Surgery
Complications after knee replacement are unusual, but they can occur. Patients should understand the common risks before having surgery.

Piriformis Syndrome - Understanding Causes & Treatment
Piriformis syndrome is a condition of pain in the buttocks. Piriformis syndrome is thought to be due to an irritation of the sciatic nerve.

Elbow Pain - Common Injuries and Causes of Discomfort
Elbow pain is a common complaint that has many causes. In order for proper treatment of elbow pain, the cause of the problem must be identified.

Abdominal Strain - Abdominal Muscle Injury
Athletes can sustain an injury known as an abdominal strain or a pulled abdominal muscle. Learn about treatment of this injury.

Hip Replacement Implant Options
Hip replacement implants are made of different materials, and these present patients with different options when surgery is needed.

Chondromalacia - Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS)
Chondromalacia is one of the causes of anterior knee pain also known as patellofemoral pain syndrome. Learn about chondromalacia, a cartilage problem of the kneecap.

Distal Biceps Tendon Tear
A distal biceps tendon tear can cause pain, swelling, and weakness of the biceps muscle. Surgery is often used for treatment.

Spine Compression Fractures - Broken Vertebral Bones
A compression fracture is a common problem in osteoporosis. Learn about causes, how it is treated and how you can prevent future broken vertebrae.

Femoral Neck Fracture - Fracture of the Ball of Hip
A femoral neck fracture occurs when the ball is broken off the top of the femur. Treatment may consist of repair or replacement.

Is There Danger in Delaying Joint Replacement Surgery
You may have been told you need joint replacement surgery, but are you hoping you can delay having a major surgical procedure? Learn about the consequences of postponing this surgery.

Elbow Arthritis - Treatment of Painful Elbow Joint
Elbow arthritis is relatively uncommon, but can be painful. Learn about elbow arthritis and what treatment can help relieve pain from this condition.

Bone Bruise - Marrow Edema
A bone bruise is a condition that occurs when there is microfractures to the bone causing blood and fluid to accumulate in the bone.

Common Symptoms and Treatment of Athlete's Foot
Athlete's foot is a common problem that doesn't just affect athletes. Learn how to treat the fungal infection and how to prevent it in the first place

Treatments for Dupuytren's Contracture
Dupuytren's contracture treatment may be surgery to remove tightened tissue. Less-invasive needle aponeurotomy and collagenase injections can be used. Page 2.

Hip Replacement Surgery: Signs You Are Ready
What are signs you need, or don't need, hip replacement surgery. Learn how to know when the time is right for you to have hip replacement surgery.

How Your Doctor Determines If You Get an MRI or Not
Did you think you'd get an MRI but you didn't? It's a useful tool but isn't always the right one. See four reasons why your doctor may not order one.

Ankle Sprain - Treatment Options to Speed Recovery
Ankle sprains are a common cause of pain and swelling. A sprained ankle can heal quickly with appropriate treatment and rehab.

Lumbar Disc Discogenic Back Pain
Lumbar disc pain or discogenic disease is a common cause of low back pain. It is difficult to diagnose and treat. Learn more about your options.

IDET - Treatment of Disc Pain
IDET, or Intradiscal Electrothermal Therapy, is a procedure that is being done to treat discogenic back pain. IDET uses a heat probe to shrink the disc tissue and cauterize the small disc nerves. Results of IDET treatment show some encouraging results. Page 2.

Acetabular Fracture - Broken Hip Socket
An acetabular fracture is an injury to the socket of the hip joint. The acetabulum is part of the pelvis bone. When the acetabulum is fractured, the ball of the ball-and-socket hip joint is broken.

Avulsion Fracture - Injury of Bone Pulled Away
An avulsion fracture is an injury to the bone where a tendon or ligament attaches. Most avulsion fractures can be treated without surgery.

6 Causes of Ankle Pain with Treatments
What is causing your ankle pain? Learn about the most common conditions and injuries, when you need to see the doctor, and the treatments used.

ACI - Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation
ACI, autologous chondrocyte implantation, is a surgical treatment for cartilage damage. Learn about this two-step procedure and rehabilitation afterward.

Donating Your Own Blood Before Surgery
Blood transfusions are sometimes required after surgery. Learn about preoperative blood donation and if it may be appropriate for you.

Hip Replacement Surgery Alternatives
There are alternatives to hip replacement surgery for treatment of severe arthritis. While replacement is the most common treatment, here are some other options.

Exercise-Induced Compartment Syndrome
Exercise-induced compartment syndrome is a condition that causes muscle pain with activity. Symptoms may require surgery for compartment release.

Finding An Orthopedic Surgeon In Your City
Who are the best doctors in your area? Finding the best doctor can be difficult, and know the right questions to ask may help you find an excellent orthopedic surgeon close to you.

Buckle Fracture (Torus Fracture) in Children
A buckle fracture is a common injury in children. Buckle fractures are incomplete fractures of the bone that heal quickly with a cast.

Boxers Fracture Symptoms and Treatment
A boxer's fracture is a broken bone of the hand on the pinkie or ring finger from a punch or fall. Learn how it is diagnosed and treated.

Does Joint Cracking or Snapping Cause Arthritis?
Cracking joints causes popping, snapping, and creaking of the joints, but does it cause arthritis. Many moms tell their kids that joint cracking causes arthritis, but is this true. Or is joint cracking just something that feels good?

Back Pain: Chiropractor vs Orthopedist?
When should you seek the care of a chiropractor for back pain, and when should you see an orthopedic surgeon? While some types of back pain can be managed by a chiropractor, there are some situations when you should be seen by an orthopedic surgeon first.

Back Pain Symptoms - Stiffness
Back stiffness is most often a sign of a muscle strain injury or arthritis. Depending on the onset of symptoms, these conditions can usually be distinguished.

Disc Extrusion, Protrusion, and Sequestration
Several words are used to describe the extent of a disc herniation seen on MRI examination. A disc herniation occurs when the soft cushion between the spinal bone ruptures.

Ceramic Hip Replacement Surgery
Ceramic hip replacements are being implanted more commonly in a effort to have a hip replacement that lasts longer. But are these ceramic hip replacements as good as traditional implants, and do they last longer? Learn about ceramic hip replacements and what options you have.

Ceramic Hip Replacement Pros & Cons
Ceramic hip replacements are being implanted more commonly in a effort to have a hip replacement that lasts longer. But are these ceramic hip replacements as good as traditional implants, and do they last longer? Learn about ceramic hip replacements and what options you have. Page 2.

Sports You Should (and Shouldn't) Play After Knee Replacement
Some sports should not be performed after knee replacement surgery because of the effects on the joint replacement implant.

Cauda Equina Syndrome - Compression on the Spinal Nerves
Cauda equina syndrome is an emergency situation where the nerves in the lower spine are compressed and not working properly. Patients with cauda equina syndrome may require emergency surgery for treatment.

Acute Orthopedic Injury
An acute injury is a problem that occurs following a single event. Acute refers to the immediate time period following these injuries.

Meniscectomy - Arthroscopic Surgery for Torn Meniscus
When you have torn knee cartilage, you may need a meniscectomy. Learn how this arthroscopic surgery is done and what to expect for recovery and rehab.

Symptoms of Arthritis of the Big Toe (Hallux Rigidus)
Hallux rigidus is a common condition of arthritis at the base of the big toe. Arthritis of the big toe is the most common type in the foot.

Calf Strain - Muscle Spasm of the Leg
A calf strain occurs when there is a muscle spasm in the back of the leg. Treatment available for a calf strain can help relieve pain and prevent this problem.

Definition of Arthrodesis Fusion of a Joint
Arthrodesis permanently fixes a joint in one position. After joint fusion procedure, the joint will no longer bend.

Arthrofibrosis Causing a Stiff Elbow
Arthrofibrosis is a condition that causes scar tissue formation around the elbow joint. This can lead to a stiff joint and difficulty bending.

Arthroscopic Elbow Surgery - When it Can Help
Arthroscopic elbow surgery is a treatment option for some causes of elbow pain, but not all, See when it is used, how it is done and recovery time.

Arthroscopic Ankle Surgery Can Treat These Pain Sources
Arthroscopic ankle surgery can be used to correct four sources of ankle joint pain. Learn more about this treatment option and how it is done.

Arthroscopic Knee Surgery
Arthroscopic knee surgery allow your surgeon to look inside the knee joint. Knee arthroscopy can be an effective treatment for many conditions.

Types of Fibula Fractures | Broken Leg Bone
A fibula fracture is an injury to the lower leg. Most often, a broken fibula is a type of ankle fracture, although there are other types of fractures of this bone. Treatment of a fibula fracture depends on the type of break that occurred.

Achilles Tendinosis - Chronic Damage to the Achilles Tendon
Achilles tendinosis is a condition of chronic irritation and damage to the Achilles tendon. This is a different condition from tendonitis, a problem that is characterized by inflammation.

Cervical Fusion - Neck Surgery
Pain and nerve symptoms in the neck may be treated by cervical fusion surgery. Learn how and why it is done, recovery time and possible complications.

Pros and Cons of Having ACL Reconstruction Surgery
ACL reconstruction surgery is a major decision and there are pros and cons of having surgery. Learn if ACL surgery is the best option for your situation.

ACL Graft Options - Patellar Tendon - Hamstring - Donor
When ACL surgery is necessary, a graft must be selected. Learn about your choices for reconstruction including patellar tendon, hamstring, and donor.

Biceps Tendon Problems
The biceps tendon is a source of pain for many people with shoulder problems. Learn about the common causes and what treatments may be needed.

Ankle Replacement Surgery
Ankle replacement surgery is a treatment option for severe ankle arthritis. Ankle replacement is a newer procedure with possible complications.

Best Anesthesia for Joint Replacement Surgery
Will general or regional anesthesia be used for your joint replacement surgery? Learn which may be best, why they are used and how they are done.

Deep Venous Thrombosis - DVT - Blood Clots
Deep venous thrombosis, or DVT, are blood clots most commonly found in the large veins of the lower extremity. Blood clots are extremely common following orthopedic surgery. In fact, blood clots are so common following joint replacement that blood thinning medication is routinely given to minimize the chance of developing a clot.

About Broken Bones - Fracture Care and Treatment
A broken bone is one of the most common orthopedic injuries. Learn about fractures, treatment available, and how to heal your break quickly.

What Is The Best Anti-Inflammatory Medication (NSAID)?
Anti-inflammatory medications, call NSAIDs, are used for treatment of many problems. These medications include motrin, ibuprofen, and aleve.

Do You Need a DEXA Bone Density Test for Osteoporosis?
A bone density test, or DEXA scan, is used to determine if you have osteoporosis. See if you should be screened with this procedure.