Psychology Sitemap - Page 4 2016-09-26

What Is Compensation? - Defense Mechanisms
Compensation is a type of defense mechanisms that is used to protect the ego from anxiety. Learn more and find examples of overcompensation.

What Is Functional Fixedness in Psychology?
Functional fixedness is a cognitive bias that can sometimes prevent us from thinking of novel or creative solutions to problems.

What Is Extinction in Psychology?
Extinction occurs when the occurrences of a conditioned response decrease or disappear. Learn more about the role extinction plays in conditioning.

What Is Experimental Psychology and It's History?
Experimental psychology involves using scientific methods to study human behavior. Learn more about the methods used in experimental psychology.

What Is Crisis Counseling?
Crisis counseling can play an important role in helping people deal with different types of tramatic events. Learn about how crisis counseling works.

What Is Comparative Psychology? (Definition)
Comparative psychology is the study of animal behavior. These comparative studies can lead to a deeper and broader understanding of human psychology.

What Is Compliance? - About Psychology
Have you ever done something simply because someone asked you to? Learn more about the psychology of compliance.

What Is Conformity and How Does It Influence Behavior?
Conformity is a powerful social force that can influence our behavior for good and sometimes bad. Learn more about the psychology of conformity.

Child Psychology: What Makes Kids Tick?
Child psychology is one of the many branches of psychology and focuses on the mind and behavior of children from prenatal development through adolescence.

What Is Anorexia Nervosa?
Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by a distorted body image and self-starvation despite extremely low body-weight...

What Is an Identity Crisis?
Erik Erikson described an identity crisis is a period of intense exploration of different roles and aspects of the self. Learn more about this process.

What Is an Aptitude Test?
Aptitude tests play an important role in psychological testing and differ from achievement tests. Learn how aptitude tests work and how they are used.

What Is an Achievement Test?
Achievement tests serve a specific purpose and differ in important ways from aptitude tests. Learn how achievement tests work.

What Is an Algorithm? (Problem-Solving)
Algorithms are often used in mathematics and problem-solving. Learn more about what an algorithm is and how it compares to other problem-solving strategies.

What Is an Afterimage? How Do They Work?
Afterimages are a type of optical illusion that involves continuing to see something that is no longer there. Learn more about how afterimages work.

Catatonic Schizophrenia and its Common Characteristics
Catatonic schizophrenia is characterized by stupor and muscular rigidity, alternating with excitement.

Change Blindness - Definition of Psychology Terms
Big changes happen in the world around you that you never notice. Learn more about what change blindness is and why it happens.

Characteristics of the Authoritative Parenting Style
Authoritative parenting is characterized by parents who hold high expectations, but are responsive and nurturing to their children. Learn more about this style.

What Is Authoritarian Parenting?
Authoritative parenting is characterized by strict rules, harsh punishments and little warmth. Learn about authoritarian parenting and its effect on children.

What Is Attachment & Why Does it Matter?
Attachment serves as the essential foundation for long lasting relationships between people. Learn more about how psychologists define attachment.

What Is Accommodation?
Accommodation is part of the adaptation process described by Jean Piaget. In order to accommodate new information, children must alter their existing schemas.

What Are Projective Tests and How Are They Used?
Projective tests involve using ambiguous stimuli are used to assess an individual's personality. Learn about some of the different projective tests.

PsyD (FAQ About the PsyD) - Psychology
Learn more about the PsyD, including how it differs from a PhD in psychology and how long it takes to earn a PsyD degree.

What Is a Mental Set?
A mental set can make is easy to solve problems quickly, but it can also prevent you from seeing different solutions that might also work. Learn more about how mental sets work.

What Is a Likert Scale and How Is It Used?
Likert scales are often used in psychology questionnaires and typically involve offering a response that ranges from strongly disagree to strongly agree.

What Is a Conditioned Taste Aversion?
A conditioned taste aversion is a classically conditioned avoidance of certain foods. Discover why these taste aversion occur.

Variable-Ratio Schedule: A Definition and Examples
The variable-ratio schedule is a schedule of reinforcement where a response is reinforced after an unpredictable number of responses. Learn more.

What Is a Visual Cliff in Psychology?
A visual cliff is a tool used to determine if infants have depth perception. It involves an apparent, but not actual drop from one surface to another.

What Is a Psychological Disorder?
What exactly is a psychological disorder (and what's not)? Learn more about how psychological disorders and mental illnesses are defined and diagnosed.

Fixed-Interval Schedule (Definition and Examples)
A fixed-interval schedule is a schedule of reinforcement where the first response is rewarded only after a specified amount of time has elapsed.

What Is a Fixed Ratio Schedule?
A fixed ratio schedule of reinforcement involves offering reinforcement only after a specified number of responses. Find examples of this schedule.

What Is a False Memory?
False memories are distorted or even fabricated recollections of events. Learn more about how your brain makes up memories and the impact they have.

What Is a Developmental Psychologist?
Developmental psychologists study growth and development throughout the lifespan. Learn what it takes to be a developmental psychologist.

What Are Developmental Milestones? (Definition and Types)
Developmental milestones can be important markers of typical child development. Learn about the types of milestones used to track normal development.

What Is a Conditioned Response in Psychology?
The conditioned response is an important part of the classical conditioning process. Discover more about these learned responses and see some examples.

What Is a Crisis? - Definitions in Psychology
A psychological crisis involves an individual's reaction to an event, situation, or stressor. Learn more about the various definitions and types of crisis.

What Can I Do With a Master's Degree in Psychology?
Got a master's in psychology or thinking of getting one? Not sure what to do with your degree? Here are just a few of the job options you might consider.

What Are Individualistic Cultures?
What exactly is an individualistic culture? Cross-cultural psychologists often look at differences between individualistic and collectivistic cultures.

What Are Monocular Cues? (Depth Perception)
A monocular cue is a depth perception cue that can be perceived with only one eye. Learn more about how these monocular cues work.

What Are Collectivist Cultures?
Comparative psychology often looks at differences between collectivist and individualist cultures. What exactly is a collectivistic culture?

What Are the Cardinal Traits of Personality?
Cardinal traits are those that dominate personality so strongly that the individual becomes known for these qualities. Learn more about cardinal traits.

What Are Barbiturates?
Barbiturates are a class of drugs derived from barbituric acid that act as depressants to the central nervous system...

Exercise Keeps Your Brain from Shrinking as You Age
Exercise can even help prevent brain shrinkage.

Walking Can Improve Brain Function
Exercise can help keep the brain healthy and mentally sharp.

Heart Health Impacts Brain Aging
Exercise helps protect the brain as it ages.

3 Ways Exercise Is Good For your Brain
Exercise can play a critical role in brain health. Learn more about how exercise improves cognitive functioning and protects the brain as it ages.


Neurotransmitter Images
Learn more about neurotransmitters by viewing images of some of the major neurotransmitters including dopamine and serotonin.


Types of Therapy
Find descriptions and information on different types of therapy including psychoanalysis, cognitive-behavioral and group therapy.

How Information Is Retrieved From Memory
In order to use information, it must first be retrieved from memory. Learn more about memory retrieval as well as possible problems with this process.

Melanie Klein Biography - Psychology
Melanie Klein was an Austrian psychoanalyst best known for creating the therapeutic technique known as play therapy. Learn more about her life, career, and theory in this brief biography.

Max Wertheimer Biography
Max Wertheimer was one of the founders of Gestalt Psychology. His life and work had a major influence on the early development of psychology as a science.

Master's Degree in Psychology FAQ
Are you thinking about earning a master's degree in psychology? Learn more about earning a master's degree in psychology, including how long it will take, your career options after graduation and possible alternative degrees that you might want to consider.

Top 10 Psychology Career Trends: Jobs On the Rise
Which psychology jobs offer the best outlook for future job growth? Here are a few of the fastest growing specialty areas that are in high demand.

Top Ranked Clinical Psychology Programs
These ten clinical psychology program are ranked as ten of the best. Are you planning to attend one of these top graduate programs?

What Is the Tip-of-the-Tongue Phenomenon?
Have you ever been asked a question that you know the answer to, but found yourself struggling to think of the correct word?

Control Stress for Better Decisions
People under stress tend to focus on the wrong things when making a decision. Learning to control your stress may lead to better decisions.

4 Things You Can Do to Make Better Decisions
You make thousands of different decisions each and every day. Here are a few psychological tips to make sure that you are making the right ones.

Give It Some Time - How to Make Good Decisions
Research has shown that waiting, even briefly, can increase the accuracy of decisions.

Improve Emotional Intelligence for Better Decisions
Researchers have found that people with greater emotional intelligence also make more accurate decisions.

Try an Outside Perspective When Making Decisions
Emotions can often cloud the decision-making process. Try using an outside perspective for greater accuracy.

How to Think Positive: 4 Tips That Can Help
Can you learn how to think positive? Learn more about how to become an optimistic and why thinking positive might be better for your well-being.

Leta Stetter Hollingworth Biography
Leta Stetter Hollingworth was a pioneering psychologist and feminist thinker known for her research on the psychology of women and gifted children.

5 Little Known Facts About Famous Psychologists
Think history is boring? Then think again. Check out some of these little-known, strange, and even shocking facts about a few famous psychologists.

The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)
The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) is one of the most popularly used psychological tests in existence. Learn more about history and uses of this test.

The Purpose of Psychology Theories
What purpose do psychological theories serve? Researchers use theories in a number of different ways, including to provide a framework for future research.

Psychologist Karen Horney Biography
Karen Horney made significant contributions to psychoanalysis, personality theory, and feminine psychology. Learn more about her life, career, and contributions to psychology.

Moon Illusion: Why the Moon Looks Bigger on the Horizon
Why does the moon appear larger when it's on the horizon than it does higher in the sky? Learn more about how this fascinating illusion works.

Intuitive - Jungian Learning Style
Intuitive learners enjoy abstract thought, daydreaming and imagining the future. Learn more about the characteristics of an intuitive learning style.

The Germinal Stage - Glossary Definition
The germinal stage of prenatal development begins shortly after conception. Learn more about what happens during this period.

What Is the Lilac Chaser Illusion and How Does It Work?
The lilac chaser illusion demonstrates a number of different things about the visual system and the brain. Learn more about how this fascinating illusion works.

The Consequences of False Memories
Consequences of false memories can range from inconsequential and mundane to life-altering or even fatal. Learn more about the impact of false memory.

Inattention in Children With ADHD
Inattention is one of the three major symptoms of ADHD. Learn more about some of the key signs of inattention and how it differs from normal behavior.

How to Write a Psychology Lab Report
A psychology lab report usually follows the same structure as professional journal articles. Check out this handy guide to writing your lab report.

How to Write a Psychology Case Study
Do you need to write a case study, an in-depth analysis of one individual or group? Learn how to write a case study and check out some tips and examples.

Support and Criticism of Piaget's Stage Theory
Piaget's theory was hugely influential, but not without criticism. Learn about Piaget's legacy, including support and criticism for his stage theory.






5 Surprising Ways That Sleep Affects the Brain
Sleep can have a powerful effect on your brain. Learn more about how sleep can help - and how lack of sleep can hurt - your brain.

Stress Hurts Your Memory
Stress can also make it more difficult to remember important information.

Stress Shrinks the Brain
Stress can actually shrink the brain, particularly areas that are essential for self-control and emotions.

Stress Kills Brain Cells
Stress can kill of brain cells, leading to serious changes in the brain.

Stress Changes the Brain's Structure
Stress also leads to lasting changes in the structure of the brain.

Chronic Stress Increases the Risk of Mental Illness
Research has shown that stress might make people more vulnerable to mental illness.

5 Surprising Ways That Stress Affects Your Brain
Stress can have a serious affect on your brain, from killing off brain cells to hurting your memory. Learn more about how stress impacts your brain.

We Often Miss What's Right In Front of Our Eyes
Think you know what happens in front of you? Researchers have actually found that we are surprisingly blind to change.

3 Surprising Ways Your Minds Works
Your mind might work in mysterious ways, but psychologists have uncovered a few facts that might really surprise you.

Your Overall Impressions of a Person Impact How You Judge Specific Traits
Our first impressions of people often color how we judge all their specific traits. Learn more about how the halo effect influences how you judge others.

We Lie to Ourselves to Avoid Psychological Conflict
What happens when you learn something that conflicts with your beliefs? Sometimes with lie to ourselves in order to reduce this mental conflict.

How to Succeed in Your Psychology Classes
Convinced you're going to fail that psychology class? Not so fast! Here are five things you can do to succeed in your psychology classes.

What Is Spontaneous Recovery in Psychology?
Spontaneous recovery involves the sudden reappearance of a previously extinguished response. Learn about how this process works and explore examples.

Writing a Psychology Experiment Paper
The final step in conducting your psychology experiment is to write up and share your results. Learn more about how to write a psychology paper based upon your experiment.

Five Major Sleep Disorders
Sleep disorders are a common problem for many people. Learn more about some of the most common sleep disorders.

Sleep After Learning Can Enhance Your Memory
If you are learning something new, try getting a good night's sleep. One study reveals the pivotal role that sleep plays in the learning and memory formation process.

How Sigmund Freud Viewed Women
Sigmund Freud's perspectives on women were lacking in both depth and accuracy, yet many women made important contributions to his life and theories.

How to Become a Psychologist
What do you need to do to become a psychologist? Learn more about the steps you should follow high school, college, and graduate school.

Effective Learning - Tips From Psychology
Discover tips from psychology for effective learning. Improve your learning efficiency, study skills, and memorization abilities.

How Does the Brain Work During Meditation?
What happens in the brain during meditation? One study reveals that nondirective meditation leads to more brain activity. Learn more.

How Do False Memories Form?
False memories are surprisingly common, but they can have dire consequences. Learn more about how these false, misleading, and inaccurate memories form.

Should You Earn an Online Psychology Degree?
Should you earn an online psychology degree? Learn more about some of the factors you should consider before pursuing an online psychology degree.

How Big Is the Brain?
The brain is capable of amazing things, but just how big is the average human brain? Learn more about how big the brain is and the role that brain size plays.

Robert Yerkes: His Life and Contributions to Psychology
Robert Yerkes was an influential psychologist known for is work in intelligence testing and comparative psychology. Learn more about his influence.

What Does Your Halloween Costume Say About Your Personality?
Your chosen Halloween costume might just reveal a great deal about your personality. Learn more about the psychology behind some popular costumes.

5 Great Reasons to Earn a Graduate Degree in Psychology
Are you thinking about going back to school? Here are five compelling reasons to think about earning a graduate degree in psychology.

10 Quick Facts About Social Psychology
Social psychology reveals a great deal about the behavior of groups and individuals in social situations. Here are ten quick facts you should know.

10 Quick Facts About Child Development
Child development is a rich and fascinating subject. Get a quick overview of a few key aspects with these ten interesting facts about child development.

10 Great Gift Ideas for Psychology Students
Are you shopping for the perfect gift for a psychology student? Check out a few of these educational, useful or fun gift ideas.

Is Your Online Therapist Qualified?
Is your online therapist qualified? Learn more about how you can be certain your online therapist is qualified to provide mental health treatment.

8 Great Places to Find Psychology News
Check out some of these great resources for psychology news. Great reference for research papers, class projects, or personal interest.

Psychology Career FAQ
Are you looking for answers to your questions about psychology careers? Find answers to some commonly asked questions about careers in psychology.

Psychologist Accreditation and Licensing Requirements
Certain specialty areas in psychology require special licensing or certification. Learn more about accreditation and licensing requirements for psychologists.

Psychiatrist Careers: Job Overview, Training, Job Duties
Psychiatrists are sometimes confused with psychologists, but there are important differences between the professions. Learn more about psychiatrist careers.

The Eight Psychosocial Stages
The psychosocial stages describe development throughout the lifespan. Learn more about the specific events and conflicts that occurs at each of the psychosocial stages.

Gender and Memory Psychology Experiment
Do gender differences play a role in short-term memory? Here's a fun science or psychology experiment that you could try.

Opiates: How They Impact the Brain and Body
Opiates are drugs that act as depressants on the central nervous system. Often used as prescription pain-relievers, they also have potential for abuse.

What Is a Fully Functioning Person?
Carl Rogers described the fully functioning person as the ideal personality. Learn more about what it means to be a fully functioning person.

What Is Adaptation? (Definition and Examples)
The adaptation process plays an important role in Piaget's theory of cognitive development. Learn more about the two key parts of adaptation.

ABA Design - Psychology
An ABA design is a type of experimental design that involves starting with a baseline condition before testing an experimental variable.


Freud and Erikson Compared
Freud's psychosexual theory and Erikson's psychosocial theory share some similarities and some key differences. Learn how two these theories compare.






Power Naps Can Improve Memory
Are you looking for a quick way to boost your memory? New research shows that even a brief power nap can help with memory retention.

Physical Development of Toddlers: What You Need to Know
The toddler years are a time of remarkable physical growth and development. Learn about the physical changes that occur during early childhood.

What Is Ageism?
Ageism involves discriminating against people based on their age. While often thought to occur only to older adults, younger people can be affected too.

PhD In Psychology Requirements and Options
Should you earn a PhD in Psychology? It can be a great option for a lot of reasons, but it's not the only choice. Learn about a PhD in Psychology.

Paranoid Personality Disorder - Symptoms and Treatment
Paranoid personality disorder is characterized by a chronic and pervasive distrust and suspicion of others. Learn more about the symptoms and treatments of paranoid personality disorder.

An Overview of Personality Disorders
Personality disorders affect more than 30 million adults in the U.S. Learn more about the prevalence, symptoms, and treatments of personality disorders.

What Does "Obedience" Mean in Psychology?
What exactly do psychologists mean when they use the term obedience? Learn more about this topic and how obedience differs from conformity and compliance.

Psychology of Persuasion and Social Influence
When you think about persuasion, what comes to mind? Learn more about how experts define persuasion and how contemporary persuasion differs from the past.

What Is Biofeedback?
Biofeedback is a technique that can be used to treat stress problems. Learn more about how biofeedback works and how it can be used to treat chronic stress.

What Is Random Selection?
Random selection is a method that allows researchers to draw a random group of participants from a larger population. Learn more about how random selection works...

Unconditional Positive Regard - Psychology
Carl Rogers described unconditional positive regard as a technique that involves showing complete support and acceptance of psychotherapy clients.

Absolute Threshold - Hearing, Vision and Smell
An absolute thresholds is the smallest detectable level of a stimulus, including sound, sight and smell. Learn how these thresholds are measured.

What Is Prosocial Behavior?
Prosocial behavior is a type of voluntary behavior designed to help others. Learn more about this important topic in social psychology.

The Maintenance Stage
Learn about the maintenance stage of the Stages of Change Model.

The Preparation Stage
Learn about the preparation stage of the Stages of Change Model.

The Action Stage
Learn about the action stage of the Stages of Change Model.

The Elements of Change
There are three major elements of change. Learn more about some of the things that need to be in place in order for change to occur.

The Stages of Change - Precontemplation
Learn about the precontemplation stage of the Stages of Change Model. Page 3.

Contemplation - The Stages of Change
Learn about the contemplation stage of the Stages of Change Model.

The Stages of Behavior Change
Change can be difficult and people go through some key stages when making a change. Learn how to apply the stages of change model to changing behaviors and keeping goals.

How to Write a Method Section
The method section is an important part of a psychology paper detailing the procedures used in an experiment. Learn how to write a method section.

What Is the Secondary Process in Psychology?
The secondary process is the mechanism that discharges tension caused by the friction between the id and ego.

Preoperational Stage of Cognitive Development
The preoperational stage of cognitive development occurs between the ages of 2 and 6. Learn the characteristics and major milestones of this stage.

Actor-Observer Bias in Social Psychology
We tend to attribute our actions to external factors and other people's actions to internal ones. Discover the psychology of the actor-observer bias.

Latent Content: The Hidden Meaning of Your Dreams
Sigmund Freud believed that dreams have two main types of content, latent and manifest. Latent content involves the hidden, symbolic meaning of the dream.

What Is a Variable?
In psychology experiments, researchers attempt to determine if changes to one variable result in changes to another variable. Learn more about the different types of variables.

The Steps in Problem-Solving
Problem-solving is a mental process that involves discovering and analyzing a potential problem and then coming up with the best possible solution.

Music and Personality
What does your musical taste reveal about your personality? People who like certain musical styles often exhibit specific personality characteristics.

What Is Applied Research?
Applied research seeks to solve practical problems. Find examples and learn how applied research differs from basic research.

Representativeness Heuristic
The representativeness heuristic is a mental shortcut that we use when making decisions or judgments. Learn how it can lead to cognitive errors.

What Is an Availability Heuristic?
An availability heuristic is a type of mental shortcut that involves basing judgements on information and examples that immediately spring to mind.

What Is the Two-Factor Theory of Emotion?
The two-factor theory of emotion proposed by Schachter and Singer suggests that physical arousal and cognitive labeling play critical roles in emotion.

What Is the Biological Perspective on Psychology?
The biological perspective involves looking at the biological and genetic influences on human actions. Learn more about how this viewpoint plays a role in psychology.

What Is Biological Preparedness?
Biological preparedness suggests that humans an animals are inherently primed to form certain associations. What impact does this have on learning?

What Is Social Reinforcement?
Social reinforcement can be a powerful force in everyday life since it influences how we behave. Learn what it is, how it works and why it matters.

What Is Basic Research?
Basic research is focused on increasing our knowledge of different topics within science. Find examples and how it differs from applied research.

What Are the Adrenal Glands?
Adrenal glands can be found above the kidneys. These endocrine glands are responsible for producing two important hormones.

What Is the Trichromatic Theory of Color Vision?
How to we perceive color? Learn more about the role the trichromatic theory of color perception plays in color vision.

What Is the Opponent-Process Theory of Color Vision?
The opponent-process of color vision explains some aspects of color perception not covered by trichromatic theory. Learn more and explore examples.

What Is Negative Punishment? Definition and Examples
Negative punishment plays an important role in the operant conditioning process. Learn more about how negative punishment works and when it's most effective.

10 Great Reasons to Earn a Psychology Degree
Psychology is one of the most popular college majors throughout the world. Discover some of the reasons why you should earn a psychology degree.

What Is a Skinner Box (or Operant Conditioning Chamber)?
A Skinner box is an enclosed device containing levers or bars that an animal can manipulate in order to receive reinforcement. Learn about how it is used.

Cognitive Development in Early Childhood
Early childhood is not only a period of amazing physical growth, it is also a time of remarkable mental development. Learn more about cognitive development in early childhood

Physical Development in Early Childhood
As a child matures, parents eagerly await important milestones such as learning how to roll over and crawl. Each of these represents a part of physical development. Learn more about how children develop physically during early childhood. Page 2.

Language Development in Early Childhood
There is perhaps nothing more remarkable than the emergence of language in children. Learn more about how language develops in early childhood.Lang

Stages of Language Development
Early childhood is a time of remarkable physical, cognitive, social and emotional development. Learn more about how children grow and development during early childhood.

What Are Examples of Benzodiazepines?
Benzodiazepines are a class of psychoactive drugs that act as central nervous system depressants...

What Is Short-Term Memory?
Short-term memory is limited in both capacity and duration. Learn more about how long short-term memories are stored and how much can be stored.

The Largest Specialty Areas in Psychology
Specialty areas in psychology include clinical, counseling, forensic, and organizational psychology. Learn more about what each specialty area involves.

10 Signs You Might Be the Next Sigmund Freud
Do you love to psychoanalyze everyone in your life? Here are just a few tongue-in-cheek signs that you might be the next Sigmund Freud.

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) - Symptoms and Treatments
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) is marked by bouts of depression that occur on a seasonal basis. Sufferers often experience depression, irritability, and weight gain. Learn more about the symptoms and treatments for seasonal affective disorder (SAD).

Drawing Conclusions and Reporting the Results of a Study
After gathering data, researchers must analyze their results, draw conclusions, and report their findings. Learn more about how this process works.

Sandra Bem Biography (1944-2014)
Sandra Bem was a pioneering feminist psychologist perhaps best known for her gender schema theory and her research on socially-constructed gender roles.

Selected Sigmund Freud Quotes From His Writings
Selected quotes by psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud, demonstrating his understanding on psychoanalysis, dream interpretations and psychopathology.

Solomon Asch Biography
Solomon Asch conducted influential conformity experiments that demonstrated the power of social pressure. Learn more about Asch's life and work.









9 Signs of Low Emotional Intelligence
Low emotional intelligence can lead to poor relationships and other life difficulties. Learn more about some key signs of poor emotional intelligence.


Kolb's Learning Styles
Kolb's model of learning styles is one of the best-known. In his theory, experience serves as the basis for all learning.

Ivan Pavlov Biography
Ivan Pavlov was a physiologist, but his discovery of classical conditioning heavily influenced the behaviorist movement. Learn about his life and work.

Jung's Theory of Personality and Learning Styles
Jung's theory of personality suggests that people can be categorized by different personality types. Learn more about how each type learns best.

Extraverted (Jung Personality Learning Style)
Extraverted learners prefer working in groups and learning by experience. Learn more about this learning style and determine your own individual learning style.

Introverted (Jung Personality Learning Style)
Introverted learners prefer to work individually. Learn more about the introverted learning style and discover which Jungian learning style best describes you.

Thinking (Jung Personality Learning Style)
Thinking learners prefer logic, reasons and objectivity. Learn more about the characteristics of a thinking learning style.

Feeling Learning Style - Jungian Learning Styles
Feeling learners base decisions on emotions. Learn more about the characteristics of a feeling learning style.

Judging Learning Style - Jungian Learning Styles
Judging learners are decisive and have strong opinions. Learn more about the characteristics of the judging learning style.

Perceiving Learning Style - Jungian Learning Styles
Perceiving learners tend to be impulsive, disorganized and very flexible. Learn more about the characteristics of a perceiving learning style.

Sensing (Jung Personality Learning Style)
People with a sensing learning style are practical, realistic and focused on the here and now. Learn more about the characteristics of the sensing learning style.

What Training Is Required to Become an Online Therapist?
Daniela writes: I'm curious about what steps are needed to become an online therapist/counselor. I assume that there's a degree involved, but some websites are

What Can You Do to Prevent Your Brain From Shrinking As You Age?
The brain shrinks as we age, but researchers have found that exercise might be critical to protecting the brain from the damages of the aging process.

Person Perception: How We Form Impressions of Others
Person perception refers to the various mental processes used to form impressions of other people. Learn about the ways person perception takes place.

Ethical and Legal Issues In Online Therapy
Ethical and legal issues in therapy become more complex when treatment occurs online. Informed consent and duty to warn are two such issues.

Instinct Theory of Motivation
The instinct theory of motivation suggests that behaviors are motivated by underlying instincts. Learn more about how instinct theory works.

5 Ways to Improve Your Attention
Ever feel like your attention span is too short? Here's five quick things you can do to improve your attention and get back on task.

Persuasion Techniques - Psychology of Influence
Do you want to become a master of persuasion? Learn more about some of the persuasion techniques that have been identified by social psychologists.

Recognizing Hyperactivity-Impulsivity In ADHD
Recognizing Hyperactivity and impulsivity and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children.

Clinical Psychology Salary: How Much Do They Make?
How much money do clinical psychologists make? Learn more about recent earning reports and some of the factors that might impact salaries.

How Does Attention Work?
Attention involves both our ability to focus on relevant stimuli and tune out irrelevant stimuli. Learn more about how the brain accomplishes this.

Psychology Employment Trends
What are some of the latest psychology trends? These psychology employment statistics tell what psychologists are doing and where they are working.

Top Psychology Books for Students
Are you looking for some great books devoted to psychology? Then be sure to check out some of these interesting and information-packed options.

Important Women in Psychology History
Women have played an important role in psychology, but their contributions have long been ignored. Learn about some influential women psychologists.

Topics for a Psychology Case Study
Are you trying to figure out who to write your psychology case study about? Here are a few great suggestions.

Perception - The Perceptual Process
During the actual perception stage of the perceptual process, we actually become consciously aware of the stimulus object in the environment.

How to Conduct a Psychology Experiment
Designing and performing your first psychology experiment can be a confusing process. Check out this guide to conducting a psychology experiment.

Analyzing Psychology Experiment Results
After collecting the data, you need to analyze the results.

Finding a Research Problem or Question - Psychology
Discover where you can find ideas for research questions and problems. Page 2.

How to Conduct a Psychology Experiment Step 2
Learn more about why it is important to operationally define your variables when conducting a psychology experiment. Page 3.

Developing a Hypothesis
As you start to develop your psychology experiment, you first need to develop a hypothesis. Learn more about how to form a hypothesis for your experiment.

Conducting Background Research
Before you begin your psychology experiment, it is essential to conduct background research.

How to Conduct a Psychology Experiment - Step 5
Learn more about the different types of psychology experimental designs. Page 6.

Standardize Experimental Procedures
Learn more about why it is important to standardize your procedures when conducting a psychology experiment.

Selecting Participants for a Psychology Experiment
Learn more about the different ways to choose participants for your psychology experiment. Page 8.

Psychology Experiments and Data Collection
The next step in conducting a psychology experiment is to conduct the tests and collect data from the participants.

Undergraduate Degree - How to Become a Psychologist
Earning your undergraduate degree is an important step on your way to becoming a psychologist. Learn more about earning an undergraduate degree in psychology

Graduate Degrees - How to Become a Psychologist
The next step toward become a psychologist is to earn your graduate degree in psychology.

Licensing Requirements - How to Become a Psychologist
Learn more about the licensing requirements you will have to meet in order to become a psychologist.

Early Planning - How to Become a Psychologist
If you want to become a psychologist, it is important to start planning early. Learn more about the classes you should take in high school if you want to one day become a psychologist.

Debunking 7 Popular Myths About the Brain
There are still a lot of things we don't know about the brain, researchers have dispelled a number of common myths. Discover the truth behind some popular brain myths.

Major Developmental Theories and Theorists
Many developmental theories were developed by some of the most prominent thinkers in psychology including Sigmund Freud, Erik Erikson and Jean Piaget.

A Brief Biography of Psychologist Mary Whiton Calkins
Mary Whiton Calkins is probably best-known as the first woman president of the American Psychological Association. Learn more about her life and career.

Margaret Floy Washburn Biography
Margaret Floy Washburn was the first woman to be awarded a Ph.D. in Psychology and a pioneer in early psychology. Learn about her life and legacy.

6 Things You Should Know About Motivation
What's the most effective ways to motivate behavior? Here are just a few surprising facts about the psychology of motivation.

Psychologist Gordon Allport Biography
Gordon Allport was one of the founding figures of personality psychology and trait theory. Learn about his life, theories and contributions to psychology.

The Relapse Stage
Learn about the relapse stage of the Stages of Change Model.

The Best TED Talks About Psychology
Check out some fascinating TED Talks from some noted psychologists on various topics ranging from the nature of evil to the secrets of happiness.

Clench Your Fists
Clenching your fists might help improve your memory.

Take a Quick Power Nap
Quick power naps have been shown to improve memory.

Write It Down
Writing things down is a great way to improve memory.

Move Your Eyes From Side to Side
Moving your eyes from side-to-side might boost memory.

Try Chewing Some Gum
Chewing gum might help boost memory.

5 Memory Hacks That Will Boost Your Brain Power
Sick of forgetting where you left your keys? Then try one of the weird (but research-backed) ways to boost your memory power.

Take Control in Order to Get Motivated
Feeling like you have some say in the outcome can help you feel more motivated.

Focus on the Journey, Not the Outcome
Focusing on the journey instead of the outcome is another way to feel more motivated.

Introduce Challenges to Boost Motivation
Adding an element of challenge can help you get motivated.

5 Surprising Ways to Increase Motivation
Are you trying to get motivated? Here are five surprising psychological tricks that can give you the motivational boost you need to accomplish your goals.

Don’t Visualize Success
Don't visual success when you are trying to reach a goal. Instead, visual the steps you need to follow in order to accomplish your goal.



4 Psychological Strategies That Boost Self-Concept
People engage in a number of self-serving behaviors that maintain or boost self-concept. Learn more about some of the benefits and possible drawbacks.



Eleanor Maccoby Biography
Eleanor Maccoby is an eminent psychologist best-known for her research in developmental psychology and sex differences. Learn more about her life and work.

Effects of Group Size on Problem Solving
Do individuals or groups solve problems better? According to one study, small groups perform better on problem solving tasks than those working alone.

Does Practice Really Make Perfect?
When learning a new skill, does practice really make perfect? New research looks at the impact of practice and how much it contributes to performance.

Conscience vs. Conscious: What's the Difference?
Conscience and conscious are two terms that are often confused or even used interchangeably. However, they mean very different things.

David Kolb Biography
David Kolb is a psychologist and educational theorist known for his theories of experiential learning and learning styles.

What to Do If You Are Failing Psychology
Are you failing a psychology class? Here are a few of the things you can do to improve the situation and possibly improve your grade

Christine Ladd-Franklin Biography
Christine Ladd-Franklin became an eminent psychologist despite facing considerable discrimination because she was a women. Learn more about her work.

Cathexis and Anticathexis - Freudian Theory of Drives
In Freud's theory of drives, he described a cathexis as a release of psychic energy. Learn more about drives, cathexis, and anticathexis.

Bobo Doll Experiment: Bandura's Social Learning Study
The Bobo doll experiment focused on how children learn aggression through observation. Learn more about this famous experiment.

Edward Thorndike Biography (1874-1949)
Edward Thorndike was a pioneering American psychologist best-known for the law of effect. Learn more about his life, teaching career and theories.

Memory Failure in Old-Age Might Not Be Inevitable
Memory loss is associate with aging, but research suggests that such declines might not be inevitable. Discover how to stave off memory loss in old age.

There Are Four Major Reasons Why You Forget Things
Forgetting simple things like where you left the keys or a friend's phone number can be major annoyances. Learn more about some of the most common reasons why we forget.

Depictions of Amnesia in Movies Are Usually Inaccurate
Can a bump to the head really lead to complete amnesia of your past? According to popular movies, this type of thing happens all the time. Learn more about how amnesia really works.

New Brain Connections Are Built When You Form a Memory
Did you know that forming new memories and strengthening old ones actually changes your brain? Learn how new memories change the brain at the neural level.

Scent Can Be a Powerful Memory Trigger
Do certain smells tend to trigger particular memories? Researcher have found the memory and smell are linked in a number of important ways.

Hippocampus Plays an Important Role In Memory
The hippocampus is an area of the brain that plays an important role in memory. Learn more about how the hippocampus is tied to human memory.

Testing Helps You Remember It Better
Research has found that taking tests can actually help improve your memory. Learn more about how you can use tests to improve your memory of information you're trying to learn.

10 Facts About Memory
Memory helps make us who we are and plays a vital role in every aspect of your daily life. Learn more in these ten fun and fascinating facts about memory

Color Psychology - Reader Responses - Pink
Discover how other readers respond to the color pink and share your own reactions.

Adult Neurogenesis: Can We Grow New Brain Cells?
Traditional wisdom has long suggested that we can't grow new brain cells, but is this true? Learn more about the latest research on adult neurogenesis.

Aaron Beck Biography
Aaron T. Beck is an influential psychologist widely regarded as the father of cognitive therapy. Learn about the remarkable influence of his work.

Abraham Maslow Quotes About Psychology
Read quotes from psychologist Abraham Maslow, who was the founder of humanistic and the theory of Maslow' Hierarchy of Needs.

- By Category
An index of categories in the

A Summary Chart of Piaget's Stages
Get a quick overview of the stages in Piaget's theory of cognitive development in this handy summary chart.

Who Was the Wolf Man? (Sergei Pankejeff)
The Wolf Man, aka Sergei Pankejeff, was a patient of Sigmund Freud; Freud has been criticized for his diagnosis and treatment of Pankejeff.

What Is the False Consensus Effect?
People often overestimate how many people agree with their beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors. What exactly causes this false consensus effect?

What Do People Dream About?
Have you ever wondered what other people dream about? It turns out, people all over the world often have very similar (and sometimes strange) dreams.

Who Was Kitty Genovese?
Kitty Genovese's tragic 1964 murder sparked outrage and interest in the bystander effect. Learn more about the myths surrounding her death.

What Is Compassion?
Compassion helps us feel empathy for others and strive to help those who are suffering. Learn more about how compassion influences behavior.

Who Founded Structuralism?
Structuralism was one of the earliest schools of thought in psychology. Find out what structuralism was all about and its found really was...

What Is Automaticity?
Automaticity involves performing actions without really thinking about them. Learn more about how this happens as well as the possible benefits and risks.

Why Beliefs About Intelligence Can Impact Achievement
One study suggests that what you believe about intelligence - whether it's due to nature or nurture - has an impact on achievement and performance.

Psychology Career Tests
Is a career in psychology the best choice for you? Take some of our psychology career tests to discover which specialty area appeals most to your needs, goals, and interests.

Which Careers Are Best for Your Brain?
Could your career really have an effect on how your brain ages? Learn more about recent research suggesting that complex jobs may benefit the brain.

What Is Self-Determination Theory? (Deci and Ryan)
Self-determination theory focuses on internal sources of motivation including the need for personal growth and fulfillment. Learn more about how this works.

Peripheral Nervous System
The peripheral nervous system (PNS) includes all the nerves that lie outside of the central nervous system. Learn more about how the PNS works.


What Is Sensory Memory?
Sensory memory helps us make sense of the world around us, but this type of memory is limited and very brief. Learn more about how sensory memory works.

Acetylcholine Image
An image of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine.

Dopamine Image
An image of the neurotransmitter dopamine. Page 3.

Serotonin Image
An image of the neurotransmitter serotonin. Page 2.

A Picture of Carl Jung
Carl Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist who founded the school of thought known as analytical psychology. Page 8.

An Erik Erikson Picture
Erik Erikson's well-known stage theory of psychosocial development helped generate interest and inspire research on human development through the lifespan. Page 3.

A Picture of G. Stanley Hall
G. Stanley Hall was a pioneering American psychologist and first president of the APA. Page 5.

A Picture of Karen Horney
Karen Horney was known for her theories of neurosis and feminine psychology. Page 6.

A Picture of Kurt Lewin
Psychologist Kurt Lewin is often referred to as the father of modern social psychology. Page 10.

A Picture of Sigmund Freud
Sigmund Freud was the founder of psychoanalysis. Page 4.

A Picture of William James
Psychologist and philosopher William James is often referred to as the father of American psychology. Page 7.

A Picture of B. F. Skinner
B.F. Skinner was one of the leading figures in behavioral psychology. Page 15.

A Picture of Carl Rogers
Carl Rogers was a humanist psychologist. His work had a great influence on therapy and education. Page 14.

A Picture of Hugo Munsterberg
Hugo Munsterberg was a German psychologist who is known for his contributions to applied psychology. Page 11.

Ivan Pavlov - Picture of Ivan Pavlov
Ivan Pavlov was a Russian physiologist whose research on conditioned reflexes influenced the rise of behaviorism in psychology. Page 12.

A Picture of Jean Piaget
Jean Piaget was a psychologist best-known for his stage theory of cognitive development. Page 13.

A Picture of Wilhelm Wundt
Psychology. Page 16.

Pictures of Famous Psychologists
These pictures show some of the most famous psychologists or other great thinkers who contributed to psychology.

A Picture of Abraham Maslow
Abraham Maslow was an American psychologist who is frequently called the 'Father of Humanistic Psychology.'. Page 9.

A Picture of Alfred Adler
Alfred Adler is known as the founder of individual psychology.

A Picture of Alfred Binet
Alfred Binet was a French psychologist that is famous for his development of the first widely used intelligence test. Page 2.

What Skills Do You Need to Study Psychology?
What skills do psychology majors need to succeed? If you are thinking about studying psychology, you might want to brush up on these critical skills.

What Is the Stroop Effect?
The Stroop effect is an interesting phenomenon in which you must say the color of the word but not the name of the word. Give it a try and see how you do.

What Is the Bandwagon Effect?
The bandwagon effect is a type of cognitive bias that helps explain why people often adopt fleeting trends. Learn more about why this behavior occurs.

Why Do People Blame the Victim?
Why do people so often blame people for their own misfortunes? Learn more about this tendency to protect our own view of the world by blaming others.

What's Your EQ? - Emotional Intelligence Test
What is your emotional intelligence quotient (EQ)? Take this quick quiz to discover how emotionally intelligent you really are.

Developmental Psychology Quiz
Put your knowledge of developmental psychology to the test in this quiz.

What's Your Leadership Style? - Quiz
The classic model of leadership focuses on three major styles used by leaders. Take this quiz to learn more about your leadership style.

The Color Psychology of Red
Color psychology is concerned with the effects of color on mood, emotion, and behavior. Find information on the color psychology of red.

Why Anxiety Can Lead to Poor Decisions
Anxiety has plenty of downsides, including poor decisions in the face of uncertainty. Learn about one study on how anxiety impacts decisions.

The Mere Exposure Effect
The mere exposure effect suggests that the more familiar we are with something, the more we like it. Learn how this affects the choices you make.

What Is the Affect Heuristic?
How much do emotions influence how you think? The affect heuristic occurs when your subjective feelings about something act as a mental shortcut.

Sigmund Freud - Early Life
Sigmund Freud often described his early childhood as a happy time. Learn more about his early life in this Sigmund Freud photobiography.

Freud and Jung: From Friends to Rivals
Jung and Freud were once friends and influenced each other's theories, Jung eventually broke from Freud to form his own school of thought. Page 6.

Freud in America
In 1909, Sigmund Freud traveled to America for the first and only time in his life to deliver a series of lectures at Clark University. Page 5.

Freud's Patients and Therapy
Sigmund Freud's approach to therapy grew out of his treatment of his patients. Learn more about his most famous cases. Page 7.

Leaving Vienna
In 1938, Austria was annexed by Germany and Freud was repeatedly targeted by the Nazis. Freud finally left his home in Vienna and moved to London with his wife and youngest daughter. Page 8.

Sigmund Freud - Influences
Sigmund Freud was a highly original theorist, but there were many others who had an influence on his work and ideas. Page 2.

The Final Year
Sigmund Freud's final year was marked by his move to London, the publication of his final book and an end to his long battle with mouth cancer. Page 9.

The Early Years of Psychoanalysis
Psychoanalysis began to grow after the publication of Freud's ideas. While his ideas were controversial, he soon built a loyal following. Learn more about the early years of psychoanalysis. Page 3.

Tables in APA Format (An Example and Tips)
Tables are a great way to present a lot of information. These examples and tips can help you create APA format tables for your psychology papers. Page 3.

Reference Lists in APA Formant - An Example
APA format reference lists should begin on a new page and all sources should be presented in alphabetical order. Learn more in this example of a reference page in APA format. Page 2.

Title Page Example - APA Format
Your title page is the first page of your paper. Check out this example to ensure that your title page is in proper APA format.

Psychoanalytic Theories of Personality
Learn more about the psychoanalytic perspective and theories of personality, including theories by Sigmund Freud and Anna Freud.

Updating Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
The hierarchy of needs has a history of wide acceptance despite little supporting evidence. Does the theory hold up or is it time for an update?

Electronic Sources in APA Format (Examples)
Learn more about how to reference electronic sources in APA format by looking at these examples. Page 5.

How to Reference Journal Articles in APA Format (Examples)
Journal articles should be referenced in a specific format in an APA paper. Check out this example of an APA reference list. Page 4.

What Is the Optimism Bias?
The optimism bias leads people to believe that they are more likely to experience good over bad events. Learn how this bias can influence decisions.

What Is the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)?
The Thematic Apperception Test, or TAT, is a projective test that involves showing respondents ambiguous scenes and asking them to explain what is happening in the images.

List of Psychological Disorders
This list of psychological disorders describes different categories of mental disorders and offers examples of each type of psychological disorder. Learn more about the different types of mental disorders in this list of psychological disorders.

Ethics Codes and Guidelines
Each specialty area in psychology is faced with differing ethical issues, so various ethics codes and guidelines have been created for these subfields. Find links to ethics codes and guidelines for therapists, counselors, psychiatrists and others.

Graduate Programs in Biopsychology
Find links and information on universities that offer both master's and doctorate degrees in biopsychology, behavioral neuroscience, and psychobiology.

The Ames Room Illusion – What Is the Ames Room Illusion
In the Ames room illusion, two people standing in a room appear to be of dramatically different sizes, even though they are the same size. How does the Ames room illusion work? See the illusion in action and learn how it works. Page 4.

Ponzo Illusion - What Is the Ponzo Illusion
In the Ponzo illusion, two identically sized lines appear to be different sizes when placed over parallel lines that seem to converge as they recede into the distance. Learn more about the Ponzo illusion and how it works. Page 5.

Zollner Illusion - What Is the Zollner Illusion
In the Zollner illusion, the lines appear to move even though they are static. Learn more about the Zollner Illusion. Page 3.

Spinning Dancer Illusion - The Silhouette Illusion
The spinning dancer illusion is an interesting illusion in which an ambiguous silhouette can appear to abruptly change direction. See the spinning dancer illusion in action and learn more about how this illusion works. Page 2.

The Rise of Psychoanalysis
As Freud's influence began to grow, the prominence of psychoanalysis began to grow as well. Page 4.

Kanizsa Triangle - The Kanizsa Triangle Illusion
The Kanizsa Triangle is an optical illusion in which a triangle is perceived even though it is not actually there. Learn more about how the Kanizsa Triangle illusion works. Page 6.

Quiz Results- Should You Become a Clinical Psychologist?
Results of the clinical psychologist career quiz.: becoming a clinical psychologist clinical psychologist salaries what is clinical psychology quiz results school psychology

Quiz Results- Should You Become a Clinical Psychologist?
Results of the clinical psychologist career quiz.: clinical psychologist salaries what is clinical psychology quiz results school psychology career option

Quiz Results- Should You Become a Clinical Psychologist?
Results of the clinical psychologist career quiz.: clinical psychologist salaries what is clinical psychology quiz results school psychology career option

Quiz Results- Should You Become a Clinical Psychologist?
Results of the clinical psychologist career quiz.: becoming a clinical psychologist clinical psychologist salaries what is clinical psychology quiz results school psychology

Hermann Grid Illusion - What Is the Hermann Grid Illusion
In the Hermann grid illusion, white spaces appear to shift between white and gray. Learn more about possible explanations for how the Hermann grid illusion works.

Today in Psychology History - On This Day in Psychology History
Learn more about psychology history by exploring specific events that occurred in the past. By learning more about what happened on this day in psychology history, you will have a better understanding of psychology as a whole.

Facts About Memory - Interesting Facts About Memory
Learn more about memory in these fascinating facts about how it works, how much it can store and what you can do to make your memory better.

Developmental Psychology Quiz Results [About Psychology]
Thanks for taking our quiz about example.: developmental psychology resources child development theories sans serif font psychology quiz stages of cognitive development

American Psychological Association - APA
Learn more about the history of the American Psychological Association and the functions of this organization. Find information on the 53 divisions of the APA.

APA Divisions - The 53 Divisions of the APA
Learn more about each division of the American Psychological Association (APA) and find descriptions of the different areas of psychology.

APA Format - American Psychological Association Format
Tips and guides for writing in APA format. Find examples and references for writing APA format psychology papers.

Branches of Psychology
Because psychology is such a broad subject, different branches of psychology have formed to study different aspect of human behavior, thought, and experience. Learn about these branches of psychology, including forensic psychology, cogntive psychology, human factors, states of consciousness, and much more.

Distance / Online Undergraduate Programs in Psychology
A listing of schools that offer distance or online undergraduate programs in psychology, organized by geographic location. Find more information on a number of distance and online undergraduate programs at various colleges and universities.