Sleep Sitemap - Page 2 2016-09-26

What Happens If You Stop Breathing in Your Sleep
What happens if you stop breathing in your sleep? Learn about potential causes, including sleep apnea, and what health consequences may occur.

What Factors and Causes Lead to Insomnia and Poor Sleep
What factors lead to insomnia? Consider sleep drive, circadian rhythms, genetics, and other contributing causes. Discover ways how to get to sleep.

What Do Dreams and Nightmares Mean in Pregnancy?
Do dreams and nightmares occur more while pregnant? Can the content of these dreams be interpreted as a sign of the outcome of the pregnancy?

What Factors Cause Sleep Apnea to Occur in Children?
What causes sleep apnea in children? Discover the contributing factors of tonsils, adenoids, obesity, face anatomy, and other neuromuscular disorders.

What Causes Sleep-Related Hallucinations?
What causes sleep-related hallucinations? Learn how seeing things around sleep might be associated with dreaming and worsened by sleep deprivation.

What Causes Morning Wood or Morning Erections?
Men often wake with erections in the morning, but what causes morning wood or morning erections? Discover the cause and the link to impotence.

What Causes Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome to Occur?
What causes obesity hypoventilation syndrome? Learn about the relationship of obesity, obstructive sleep apnea, and carbon dioxide retention in sleep.

What Causes Vivid Morning Dreams and Do They Come True?
What causes vivid morning dreams and do they come true? Learn why you recall dreams more often upon awakening due to REM sleep and what it means.

What Causes Leg Cramps to Occur at Night?
What causes leg cramps at night? Learn about these painful muscle contractions and the common associated conditions, medications, and other causes.

What Causes Eye Boogers in the Morning?
What causes eye boogers? Learn a little eye anatomy and about this eye discharge phenomenon and why it is a normal and healthy part of sleep.

What Are the Symptoms of Restless Legs Syndrome?
What are the common symptoms of restless legs syndrome? Learn when RLS symptoms occur and how they might affect your sleep to cause insomnia.

What Are the Side Effects of Sleep Deprivation
Sleep deprivation is common, but what are the side effects of not getting enough sleep? It increases your risk of job errors and accidents, but it may also cause poor concentration, undermine your decision-making, and lead to relationship conflicts. It may even lower your threshold for pain. Learn how sleep deprivation may be affecting you.

What Are the Consequences of Sleep Apnea in Children?
What are the symptoms and consequences of untreated sleep apnea and snoring in children? Learn about the impact on intelligence, behavior, and growth.

Behavioral Problems Causing Insomnia in Children
Insomnia is the inability to fall or stay asleep, or experiencing sleep that is not restorative. The causes of insomnia in children may overlap with those for insomnia in adults, but there are also some unique conditions that may predispose your child to difficulty sleeping. Learn more about the causes of insomnia in children.

What Can I Do to Sleep?
If you lie awake at night suffering from insomnia you might ask,

What Are the Symptoms of Sleep Deprivation
Learn what the symptoms of sleep deprivation are. From sleepiness to mood changes to difficulty thinking, there may be some unexpected consequences to not getting enough sleep.

What Are the Symptoms of Sleep Deprivation?
Learn what the symptoms of sleep deprivation are. From sleepiness to mood changes to difficulty thinking, inadequate sleep has unexpected effects.

What Are the Symptoms of Sleep Deprivation
Learn what the symptoms of sleep deprivation are. From sleepiness to mood changes to difficulty thinking, there may be some unexpected consequences to not getting enough sleep.

What Are the Symptoms of Sleep Deprivation
Learn what the symptoms of sleep deprivation are. From sleepiness to mood changes to difficulty thinking, there may be some unexpected consequences to not getting enough sleep.

What Are the Symptoms of Sleep Deprivation
Learn what the symptoms of sleep deprivation are. From sleepiness to mood changes to difficulty thinking, there may be some unexpected consequences to not getting enough sleep.

What Are the Symptoms of Sleep Deprivation
Learn what the symptoms of sleep deprivation are. From sleepiness to mood changes to difficulty thinking, there may be some unexpected consequences to not getting enough sleep.

What Are the Symptoms of Sleep Deprivation?
Learn what the symptoms of sleep deprivation are. From sleepiness to mood changes to difficulty thinking, there may be some unexpected consequences to not getting enough sleep.

What Are the Symptoms of Sleep Deprivation
Learn what the symptoms of sleep deprivation are. From sleepiness to mood changes to difficulty thinking, there may be some unexpected consequences to not getting enough sleep.

What Are the Symptoms of Sleep Deprivation?
Learn what the symptoms of sleep deprivation are. From sleepiness to mood changes to difficulty thinking, there may be some unexpected consequences to not getting enough sleep.

What Are Symptoms, Causes, Treatments of Parasomnias?
What are symptoms, causes, and treatments of sleep behaviors called parasomnias? Learn how various sleep-linked activities affect children and adults.

What Are Symptoms, Cause and Treatment of Sleep Terrors
What are the symptoms and causes of sleep terrors, how long do they last, what stage of sleep are they associated with, and what treatments work best?

What Are Naps
For some they are a way of a life, a sign of laziness, a rare treat, or a needed break in the afternoon, but what are naps? This common indulgence may be just the thing you need to compensate for a poor night’s sleep or alleviate building sleepiness. Research also suggests it may be an effective way to jump-start your memory and even improve productivity.

Symptoms and Treatments of Circadian Rhythm Disorders
Discover how circadian rhythm sleep disorders contribute to symptoms of insomnia and sleepiness. Review treatments like light therapy and melatonin.

What Are Confusional Arousals?
Parasomnias are a group of disorders that include behaviors that occur around sleep. A common parasomnia affecting children is confusional arousals. What are confusional arousals and what can be done about them?

Ways to Pay Off Your Sleep Debt
Sleep deprivation can have serious consequences. Learn ways that you can pay off sleep debt and avoid the adverse effects of getting too little sleep.

Benefits of Removing the Electronics from the Bedroom
Learn ways to make your bedroom a sanctuary for sleep by removing electronics, including televisions, cell phones, and computers.

Neupro Patch Treatment for Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS)
What is the Neupro patch? What are the side effects, cost, and placement, and how does it treat Parkinson's disease and restless legs syndrome (RLS)?

What is Sleep Hygiene?
Sleep hygiene refers to the various habits, environmental factors, and practices that may influence the length and quality of one's sleep.

Nighttime Binging - Sleep Eating Disorder Symptoms
If you are having difficulty shedding those extra pounds, and you find evidence of unexplained nighttime binges, this may be due to sleep eating disorder. Learn about this condition, what sleep disorders are associated with it, how it is diagnosed, and the treatment options available.

Using Benzodiazepine to Treat Insomnia
If you suffer from a chronic difficulty falling asleep, you may be interested in learning about the use of sleeping pills to treat your insomnia.

What Is Sleep? Understanding the Basics of Sleep Stages
What is sleep? Review basics of sleep stages, differences between Non-REM and REM sleep and about deep sleep, memory processing and vivid dreaming.

Children Narcolepsy Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment
Learn about the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of narcolepsy in children. Sleepiness, behavioral problems, and weight gain may suggest condition.

Why WASO Has a Negative Effect on Sleep Quality
Get the facts about WASO and why it has adverse effects on sleep quality with this review of the condition that often affects people with insomnia.

Over-the-Counter Nasacort Nasal Spray for Allergies
How does Nasacort Allergy 24HR treat allergies and what are the side effects? Learn how this medicine reduces nasal congestion and improves snoring.

Symptoms, Causes, and Cures of Nightmares in Children
Why do nightmares happen in children? Discover the symptoms, common causes, and most effective treatments of nightmares and bad dreams in children.

Treatments of Sleep Disorders Including Medications
Learn about treatments available for sleep disorders, including: medical devices like CPAP, medications like sleeping pills, surgery, and therapy.

30 Days to Better Sleep: Expose Yourself to Morning Sunlight
What is the first thing you do when you wake up in the morning? Chances are that it doesn't involve getting prolonged direct exposure to sunlight. How might

Treatment of Leg Cramps at Night
How can leg cramps be treated? Identify potential causes and learn about treatment options for leg cramps, including a few you may wish to avoid.

Mirapex Treats Restless Legs Syndrome
Mirapex is a medication that acts to stimulate dopamine receptors. It is used to treat conditions like Parkinson’s disease and restless legs syndrome.

Migraine Headache Symptoms, Causes, and Link to Sleep
How do migraine headaches relate to sleep? Learn about the symptoms, causes, and role of sleep in classic and common migraine disorders.

Solutions and Treatments of Sleep Eating Disorders
What are solutions and treatments of sleep eating disorder? Learn about causes, including sleep deprivation, sleep apnea, and medications like Ambien.

How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs Symptoms and Treatments
What are symptoms of bed bug bites? How can a photo identify bed bugs and what is the best way to get rid of bed bugs? Do the bites require treatment?

Menopause and the Risk of Sleep Apnea in Women
Symptoms of menopause like sleepiness, insomnia, night sweats, memory problems, and mood complaints may overlap with obstructive sleep apnea. Learn about the relationship between the two.

Top 10 CPAP Compliance Solutions
If you have encountered problems learning to tolerate your continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to treat your sleep apnea, you may be interested in reading about some possible solutions to improve your compliance with the therapy.

Maintenance of Wakefulness Test (MWT)
Learn about the maintenance of wakefulness test (MWT), which can be used to quantify the degree of excessive sleepiness that may be present in sleep disorders such as sleep apnea and narcolepsy.

10 Tips for Staying Awake When You Are Too Sleepy
What are the best ways to stay awake? Discover 10 methods for staying awake at night, in class, and while driving ranging from caffeine to naps.

10 Tips for Staying Awake
If you suffer from excessive sleepiness due to a sleep disorder or simply not sleeping enough, you may wonder how to stay awake. Staying awake may be accomplished by following these 10 simple recommendations.

10 Tips for Staying Awake
If you suffer from excessive sleepiness due to a sleep disorder or simply not sleeping enough, you may wonder how to stay awake. Staying awake may be accomplished by following these 10 simple recommendations.

Light Box Use for Phototherapy Circadian, SAD Treatment
Learn about using a light box for phototherapy for circadian disorders and winter depression, treatment timing and intensity, and alternative options.

Learn Why It Is Normal to Wake Up at Night
Is it normal to wake up at night? Learn whether awakenings represent insomnia or are perhaps a normal part of sleep. If you struggle, find solutions.

Causes and How to Stop Sleepwalking in Children
What causes sleepwalking in children? Learn about this sleep behavior, or parasomnia, and discover effective treatments and advice on how to stop it.

The Science of Circadian Rhythms and Their Impact on Sleep
What are circadian rhythms? Learn about the science behind these patterns and their role in coordinating sleep, wakefulness, hormones, and metabolism.

The Importance of Your Sleep Environment
Consider 5 ways to optimize a bedroom for sleep, including factors in the sleep environment such as noise, temperature, lighting, and the mattress.

Jaw Advancement Surgery as Sleep Apnea Treatment
Maxillofacial jaw surgery is a treatment used to correct a misaligned bite, but it can also effectively treat obstructive sleep apnea. Learn how advancing the jaws forward may treat this abnormal breathing condition that affects sleep. Review some of the potential risks associated with the treatment and decide whether it is a surgical option you should consider.

Is It Sleep Paralysis or a Night Terror?
What is the difference between sleep paralysis and night terrors? Learn how to distinguish these conditions, including causes and treatments.

Four Defining Features and Symptoms of Narcolepsy
What are the defining features or classic symptoms of narcolepsy? Learn about daytime sleepiness, hallucinations, sleep paralysis, and cataplexy.

Can You Have Panic or Anxiety Attacks While Sleeping?
What are the effects of panic disorder and anxiety attacks on sleep? Learn how panic attacks and anxiety contribute to nightmares and insomnia.

The Diagnosis of Insomnia
If you suffer from difficulties falling or staying asleep, you may wonder if you have insomnia. How is insomnia diagnosed? Is it necessary to have any tests? Learn about the diagnosis of insomnia.

The Causes and Treatment of PTSD Nightmares
What is the relationship between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and nightmares? Learn about this condition and the best treatment options.

Is It Possible to Send Text Messages While Asleep?
There are certain complex behaviors that can occur during sleep. These so-called parasomnias may include the ability to send text messages on your cell phone while remaining asleep. How is sleep texting possible?

The Causes of and Remedy for Caffeine Withdrawal
What causes caffeine withdrawal? Learn about the symptoms of caffeine withdrawal, whether you might be at risk, and what you can do to get through it.

Are Symptoms Due to Depression or a Sleep Disorder?
What are the symptoms of depression? Are the symptoms instead due to an underlying sleep disorder like sleep apnea or insomnia?

The Anatomy of Sleep Apnea
Your risk for obstructive sleep apnea may be highly dependent on the anatomy of your face and airway. Learn how anatomy contributes, including the role of: weight, neck size, nose, palate, tonsils, tongue, and jaw.

Insomnia Treatment Option: Stimulus Control
Insomnia may be difficult to tolerate and if you are not interested in taking sleeping pills, you may be seeking other treatment options.

Cognitive Therapy as Insomnia Treatment Option
Learn the answers to questions you might have about insomnia with the help of UpToDate, a resource for health care providers and patients alike.

Inspire Hypoglossal Nerve and Upper Airway Stimulator for Sleep Apnea
What is the Inspire hypoglossal nerve and upper airway stimulator? Learn how this device is placed in surgery to treat obstructive sleep apnea.

5 Insights into Insomnia That Will Improve Your Sleep
Check out 5 insights into insomnia that might make you say Duh! and discover ways to sleep tonight; avoid naps, caffeine, sleeping pills, and apnea.

How to Use a Tennis Ball to Prevent Snoring and Sleep Apnea
Can a tennis ball prevent snoring and sleep apnea? Learn how positional therapy may keep you off your back and reduce disruptive breathing in sleep.

Tests for Erection Problems: What Is Penile Tumescence?
When erection problems occur, it may be necessary to do testing. What is nocturnal tumescence testing and how might this assess impotence causes?

Phototherapy as Insomnia Treatment Option
You may have heard others talk about using a light box to treat their sleep disorders, but what is a light box and what conditions respond best to light therapy? Are there alternatives to purchasing an expensive light box? Learn the answers with the help of UpToDate, a resource for health care providers and patients alike.

Insomnia Treatment Option: Relaxation and Biofeedback
Difficulty falling or staying asleep, cardinal symptoms of insomnia, may respond to relaxation and biofeedback techniques. Before turning to sleeping pills, explore whether these methods might help you to sleep better. What is the best method for relaxation? How does biofeedback work? Learn the answers with the help of UpToDate, a resource for health care providers and patients alike.

Chronotherapy as Insomnia Treatment Option
If you are having trouble falling asleep at your desired bedtime, a common symptom of insomnia, what role could a treatment called chronotherapy have? How is chronotherapy done? Where is the best place to undergo chronotherapy? Learn the answers with the help of UpToDate, a resource for health care providers and patients alike.

Sleep Restriction as Insomnia Treatment Option
For those who suffer from the sometimes self-perpetuating ailment of insomnia, it might be helpful to finally break this cycle through a treatment called sleep restriction. What is sleep restriction? How does sleep restriction break the cycle of insomnia? What are the steps needed to restrict your sleep? Learn the answers with the help of UpToDate, a resource for health care providers and patients alike.

Melatonin as Insomnia Treatment Option
Melatonin is a popular supplement used to treat difficulties sleeping, but what are the actual conditions for which it might be helpful? How is melatonin made in the body and what should you consider if you take it in a supplement form? Learn the answers with the help of UpToDate, a resource for health care providers and patients alike.

Rozerem as Insomnia Treatment Option
If you have insomnia and are looking for an alternative prescription medication that works on the body’s natural sleep hormone called melatonin, you may be interested in learning about Rozerem. How is Rozerem different from other sleeping pills? What are some of the common side effects of using Rozerem? Learn the answers with the help of UpToDate, a resource for health care providers and patients alike.

Testing for Insomnia
It is sometimes necessary to undergo further testing to distinguish insomnia from other sleep disorders. This may be even more necessary if your insomnia is not responding to standard treatments.

Improve Sleep Habits in Children with Helpful Advice
Learn ways to improve your child's sleep with helpful advice to improve sleep habits, eliminate electronic devices, and treat sleep disorders.

Hypoglossal Nerve Stimulator for Treating Sleep Apnea
How does the surgery for the hypoglossal nerve stimulator treat obstructive sleep apnea? Learn how an implanted tongue pacemaker device works.

What Is the Definition of Hypnagogic Hallucinations?
What is the definition of hypnagogic hallucinations? Learn about these dream-like sensations that take place when a person is about to fall asleep.

5 Insights into Sleep Apnea That May Surprise You
Check out 5 insights into sleep apnea that might surprise you and discover how symptoms, appearances, and treatment may differ from your expectations.

10 Surprising Signs of Sleep Apnea
Learn about 10 surprising signs of sleep apnea, including: depression, problems thinking, impotence, uncontrolled high blood pressure, waking to urinate, teeth grinding, unrefreshing sleep, heartburn, sleepwalking, dry mouth, and drooling.

Surprising Signs of Insomnia Reveal Poor Sleep Causes
Insomnia may have surprising signs and causes, including: anxiety, depression, suicidal thoughts, inability to nap, fatigue, and racing thoughts.

HoZer Levitation System Removes CPAP Tubing from the Bed
Learn how the Hozer Levitation System may improve sleep apnea and reduce entanglement in CPAP tubing at night by suspending the tube above the bed.

Surgery Treatment Options for Obstructive Sleep Apnea
What surgery options exist to treat obstructive sleep apnea? Review some of the options, including soft palate and jaw surgeries that may be helpful.

How Weight Loss May Improve Your Sleep and Reduce Apnea
How much weight loss is needed to improve sleep? Discover how to lose weight and how it may improve sleep and reduce risks of snoring and sleep apnea.

How to Use Sleep Apps and Wearable Tech to Sleep Better
How can programs associated with sleep apps and wearable tech be used to improve your sleep? Learn about the best options to help you sleep better.

How to Use a Soap Bar to Cure Restless Legs or Cramps
Can a bar of soap in bed cure restless legs syndrome or leg cramps? Learn about this home remedy, the evidence, and whether it might help you sleep.

How to Treat Restless Legs with Iron Supplements
How can iron supplements be used to treat iron deficiency associated with restless legs syndrome (RLS)? Learn about using iron to improve ferritin.

How to Take Melatonin as a Sleep Aid to Treat Insomnia
How should I take melatonin? This over-the-counter supplement may help you to sleep better if you have insomnia or a circadian rhythm disorder, but how should you use melatonin? Learn about the appropriate dose, when you should take it, and whether it is safe to take melatonin every night.

Stroke, Memory Loss, and Sleep: The Role of Vascular Dementia
Learn about how strokes can cause memory loss in vascular dementia, the treatments available, and how it might affect sleep among those afflicted.

How to Sleep on a Plane with 5 Simple Considerations
What are the best ways to sleep on an airplane flight? Select a comfortable seat and pack earplugs, an eye mask, and a pillow to optimize success.

Steps to Fix Nighttime Relationship Conflicts to Sleep
Discover five steps to resolve relationship conflicts in bed, from therapy for snoring, sleep apnea and insomnia treatment, and sleep better together.

How to Fix Nighttime Relationship Conflicts
It is an old adage that opposites attract, but if you and your bed partner don’t have sleep habits in common, this can be a big problem. Before sending someone to the couch, it may be possible to make a few simple adjustments.

How to Fix Nighttime Relationship Conflicts
It is an old adage that opposites attract, but if you and your bed partner don’t have sleep habits in common, this can be a big problem. Before sending someone to the couch, it may be possible to make a few simple adjustments.

How to Fix Nighttime Relationship Conflicts
It is an old adage that opposites attract, but if you and your bed partner don’t have sleep habits in common, this can be a big problem. Before sending someone to the couch, it may be possible to make a few simple adjustments.

How to Fix Nighttime Relationship Conflicts
It is an old adage that opposites attract, but if you and your bed partner don’t have sleep habits in common, this can be a big problem. Before sending someone to the couch, it may be possible to make a few simple adjustments.

How to Keep Your CPAP Mask on at Night
Learn how to keep your CPAP mask on at night, including the importance of mask fit, pressure and humidity settings, and the use of sleeping pills.

How to Choose a Sleep Doctor by Training and Resources
Discover who a sleep specialist is, what training and board certification credentials are required, and how to select doctors with the best resources.

Sleeping Disorders List and ICD 9 Diagnostic Codes
Review a comprehensive list of 80 sleep disorders and ICD 9 diagnostic codes, including: insomnia, parasomnias, circadian rhythms, and sleep apnea.

Snoring Treatment Options: 16 Remedies to Stop Snoring Tonight
What are the best treatment options for snoring? Learn about 16 remedies, including: medications, surgery, weight loss, devices, and oral appliances.

Sleeping Pill Belsomra Uniquely Treats Insomnia
What is Belsomra? Learn about this unique sleeping pill, also called suvorexant, that blocks orexin to promote sleep and treat insomnia.

Sleep Restriction and Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia
Sleep restriction may be just the treatment you need to fix your insomnia. Spending too much time in bed can actually diminish sleep efficiency.

Symptoms and Risks of Sleep Apnea During Pregnancy
How does sleep apnea occur during pregnancy? Consider the symptoms, risks, complications and treatments for obstructive sleep apnea in pregnant women.

Sleep Apnea Risk May Persist After Weight Loss
Why might sleep apnea persist after weight loss? Learn about other factors that contribute to sleep apnea, including anatomy, REM sleep, and aging.

How to Avoid Snoring on a Plane with Simple Treatments
How can you avoid snoring on a plane? Learn simple treatments like surgery, allergy relief, and nasal strips to prevent loud snoring on a flight.

How to Avoid Marks on Your Face with CPAP Use
How can you avoid marks on your face with CPAP use? Learn simple steps to reduce pressure marks from CPAP masks, including styles, fit, and padding.

How to Adjust to a New Time Zone and Avoid Jet Lag
Learn how light exposure and medications like melatonin and sleeping pills may help you adjust to a new time zone after a long trip to avoid jet lag.

How Sleep Problems Affect Growth Hormone in Children
How do sleep problems like sleep apnea and sleep deprivation affect growth hormone release in children?Learn how poor sleep undermines growth in kids.

How Sleep Apnea Occurs Depends on Anatomy of Breathing
How does sleep apnea occur? What exactly happens during snoring, hypopnea, or apnea events? Discover how the anatomy of breathing contributes.

How Snoring in Children May Stunt Their Growth
How does snoring in children stunt growth? Learn about the role of sleep apnea, slow-wave sleep, and growth hormone release and the effects of treatment.

Sleep Disruption May Be an Early Sign of Dementia
Why don't dementia patients sleep? Learn how brain damage changes sleep-wake circadian patterns and how regular schedules, melatonin, and light help.

What is Sleep Latency?
Sleep latency, also known as sleep onset latency or SOL, is the amount of time it takes to fall asleep after the lights have been turned off.

Using a Sleep Log or Sleep Diary to Diagnose Insomnia
Learn how to use a sleep log or sleep diary template to diagnose insomnia, recognize poor sleep habits, and even identify circadian rhythm disorders.

Help Me Sleep: Sleep Improvement Techniques and Ideas
Learn reasons why you can't sleep and ways to improve sleep, including home remedies, behavioral changes, and when to get help to treat insomnia.

Difference Between Sleepiness and Fatigue
It may seem like semantics, arguing over the meanings of similar words, but it really does matter: What is the difference between sleepiness and fatigue?

How Often Should a Baby Feed at Night?
How often should a baby feed at night? Learn about weaning, how to minimize awakenings for breast or bottle feeding, and at what age they go away.

Silenor Effective As An Insomnia Treatment
The pharmaceutical drug Silenor (doxepin) is a tricyclic antidepressant that is also used as a hypnotic to initiate and maintain sleep.

How Much Sleep Do I Really Need?
Learn more about the eight-hour myth and how sleep needs vary from one person to the next and across a lifetime – as well as what sleep debt means.

How Much Sleep Do Babies Normally Need Based on Age?
How much sleep do babies need based on age? Learn about sleep needs of babies from 1 week to 1 year and discover if your baby is sleeping normally.

How Much Sleep Do Newborns Normally Need and When?
How much sleep do newborn babies normally need? When should this sleep be occurring during the day and night? Find out and rest a little easier.

How Much Sleep Do Teenagers Need to Feel Rested by Age?
How much sleep do teenagers need to feel rested based on age? Determine how much sleep teens need and how to avoid sleep deprivation consequences.

How Much Sleep Is too Much?
Although most people should be concerned about not sleeping enough, you may wonder: how much sleep is too much sleep?

How Morning Sunlight Can Change Your Sleep
Light exposure powerfully influences circadian rhythms, including sleep. Learn how morning sunlight can change your sleep and the best ways to get it.

How Prescription Medications May Affect Sleep Apnea
How do prescription medications affect the risk of sleep apnea? Benzodiazepines, opioids, and barbiturates impact muscle tone and breathing.

How Long Should You Wait Between Caffeine and Bedtime?
How long should you wait between your last caffeine and going to bed? Learn how late coffee, soda pop, and chocolate may contribute to insomnia.

How Long Do You Have to Use CPAP?
Do you have to use CPAP forever? Sleep apnea treatment helps, but how long do you have to use it? Learn about ways to get away from CPAP therapy.

Simple Tips to Improve Teen Sleep Habits and Insomnia
Discover simple tips and recommendations to improve teens' sleep and resolve insomnia through common sense advice about sleep habits.

Should Teenagers Sleep In to Improve Insomnia?
Should teenagers be allowed to sleep in? Learn how night owls with a delayed sleep phase can optimize sleep, reducing insomnia and morning sleepiness.

How Does the Epworth Sleepiness Scale Assess Sleepiness
What is the Epworth sleepiness scale? Learn how this questionnaire form is used to assess sleepiness and fatigue associated with sleep disorders.

How Does Sleep Inertia Make it Hard to Wake Up?
What are the symptoms of sleep inertia and how does it make it hard to wake up? What are the best ways to avoid it with a helpful cure or treatment?

How Does Screen Light Affect Sleep?
Learn how light at night affects our body’s circadian rhythm and why it contributes to insomnia and difficulty awakening. Discover ways to avoid it.

How Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Affects Sleep
How does post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) affect sleep? Learn what PTSD is, the symptoms, how it causes nightmares and insomnia, and treatments.

How Does Hetlioz Compare to Melatonin to Treat Non-24
How does Hetlioz compare to melatonin in the treatment of Non-24-Hour Sleep-Wake Disorder? Learn about the research and guidelines for treatment.

How Does a CPAP Machine Work to Treat Sleep Apnea?
How does a CPAP machine work to treat sleep apnea? Learn the history of the development of this therapy and how modern machines cure symptoms.

Short Duration Sleep and Sleep Restriction
If you hardly spend any time in bed, is this insomnia? Could it be that you have shortened sleep needs? Explore what these scenarios might represent.

How Does a Caffeine Nap Work?
How does a caffeine nap or coffee nap work? Learn how caffeine and sleep reduce sleepiness via adenosine and the best way to use both to your benefit.

How Do You Get Sleep Paralysis?
Sleep paralysis is a temporary inability to move, speak, or control your body, despite wanting to. It typically occurs when falling asleep or waking up.

How Do Sleep Problems Affect Children’s Behavior?
How do sleep problems affect children's daytime behavior? Learn about the effects of sleep deprivation and sleep apnea on children's behaviors.

Health Benefit or Harm? How Naps Affect Sleep at Night
Learn how naps may affect sleep at night, especially if you suffer from insomnia. Review the role of sleep drive and the circadian rhythm in sleepiness.

How to Alleviate Side Effects with Light Box Therapy
What are possible side effects from using a light box for phototherapy to treat seasonal affective disorder (SAD) and circadian rhythm disorders?

Should I Use an Alarm Clock to Wake Up from Sleep?
Should you use an alarm clock to wake up? Learn how alarm clocks may lead to sleep deprivation and how to make changes to consistently improve sleep.

Should I Use a Chinstrap With My CPAP Mask?
You may wonder,

How Does CPAP for Sleep Apnea Affect Your Sex Life?
How does treatment for sleep apnea called continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) affect your sex life? Learn how energy and relationships change.

How Does the Effectiveness of Sleeping Pills Change
How does the effectiveness of sleeping pills change? Learn about the concepts of tachyphylaxis and tolerance and how they may contribute to your sleeping pill to not working as well over time. Insomnia may come back when it occurs, requiring changes in the medication or the use of other treatments such as therapy.

How Breathing Exercises Help With Anxiety and Insomnia
How can breathing exercises alleviate anxiety and improve insomnia? Discover simple techniques to relieve stress and aid the transition to sleep.

How Banning the TV From Your Bedroom May Help Insomnia
Should you ban the TV from your bedroom to relieve insomnia? Learn how a television on before bedtime as you fall asleep may cause insomnia.

How a Backpack Might Prevent Snoring and Sleep Apnea
Learn how positional therapy with wearing a backpack to bed might be used to treat snoring and sleep apnea that is worse when sleeping on your back.

How Can a Headache Interact with Sleep
There are four major classes of headache that can variably interact with sleep. Some may occur exclusively at night and others, such as migraine, may actually be relieved by sleep. In addition, morning headaches may suggest an underlying sleep disorder such as sleep apnea. Learn about the interplay between headache and sleep.

Screening Children for Snoring and Recommended Sleep Apnea Treatments
Learn about the recommendations for pediatricians for the screening of snoring and the treatment options for obstructive sleep apnea in children.

Use Saline Sprays to Relieve Dryness and Allergies
Discover how nasal saline sprays may be useful to relieve snoring caused by allergies, dryness, and nasal congestion without side effects to therapy.

How Long Should You Wait Between Screen Light Exposure and Bedtime?
Can artificial blue light at night ruin your sleep? Learn how electronics before bedtime could contribute to insomnia by affecting circadian rhythms.

RoEzIt Cream Relieves Skin Irritation from CPAP Masks
Learn about RoEzIt Dermal Cream and CPAP Moisture Therapy to treat skin redness, rashes, and dryness and optimize CPAP mask use and sleep apnea therapy.

What Is the Reza Band for Nighttime Reflux and Heartburn?
What is the Reza Band and how does it prevent reflux and heartburn? Learn about this device, who should consider using it, and effective alternatives.

Review of the ResMed AirFit P10 Nasal Pillows CPAP Mask
Review the pros and cons of ResMed's AirFit P10 nasal pillows, such as the air diffuser and headgear. Consider if it's the right CPAP mask for you.

Risk Factors for Sleep Apnea
What are the risk factors that increase your chances of having sleep apnea? How do you know if you are at risk? If you are at higher risk for sleep apnea, is there anything you can do to change this? Learn about the risk factors for sleep apnea.

Treatments for Restless Legs Symptoms in Pregnancy
What causes restless legs syndrome (RLS) to occur in pregnancy? Discover the symptoms and effective treatments for restless legs while pregnant.

REMZzz CPAP Liners Relieve Mask Leak and Skin Irritation
What are REMZzz liners? Learn how this CPAP mask liner could help reduce leak and skin irritation, especially if you have marks, redness, or rashes.

Requip Restless Legs Syndrome Medicine and Side Effects
Learn what Requip (ropinirole) medication is, about its use as restless legs syndrome (RLS) treatment, how it works on dopamine, and side effects.

What Is Rebound Insomnia? Stopping Pills Worsens Sleep
What is rebound insomnia? How long does it last? What treatments help? Learn the link to stopping sleeping pills like Ambien (zolpidem) and Benadryl.

QNASL Nasal Spray for Allergies
What is QNASL? Learn how this topical steroid spray may be used to treat allergic rhinitis and relieve congestion that contributes to snoring.

Getting and Using an Oral Appliance for Sleep Apnea
What is the experience like for getting and using an oral appliance to treat sleep apnea or snoring? What do you need know to find an effective option? What side effects should be avoided? Learn about getting and using an oral appliance.

Stress, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, and Sleep Effects
How does stress and generalized anxiety disorder affect sleep? Learn how anxiety may lead to insomnia and what treatment options are available.

Tips to Prevent Heartburn and Reflux While You Sleep
What causes heartburn or reflux (GERD) to occur at night? Discover helpful treatments, including avoiding triggers, position, and sleep apnea therapy.

What Is a Neti Pot? How to Use Nasal Irrigation Therapy
What is a neti pot? Learn when and how to use a neti pot to treat congestion, seasonal allergies, and snoring and about side effects and alternatives.

What Are Sleep Disorders
Learn basic information about some of the most common types of sleep disorders, including: snoring, insomnia, sleep apnea, parasomnias, restless legs syndrome, narcolepsy, jet lag, and circadian rhythm disorders.

What Are the Symptoms of Sleep Disorders?
There are many common symptoms that may suggest the presence of a sleep disorder. Some of these symptoms, such as fatigue, may also occur with other medical disorders. In addition, each sleep disorder may have specific symptoms unique to it. What are symptoms of sleep disorders?

Overnight Pulse Oximetry Test to Evaluate Oxygen Levels
What is overnight oximetry? Learn about one of the most common initial screening tests for oxygen levels and sleep apnea called overnight oximetry.

Overnight Oximetry Can Test the Effectiveness of CPAP Therapy
With CPAP use, it may be necessary to test oxygen levels with overnight oximetry. Learn what medical conditions might prompt further testing.

Reasons You Should Not Use an Oral Appliance to Treat Your Sleep Apnea
Learn 7 reasons why you may not want to use an oral appliance from a dentist to treat obstructive sleep apnea, including: expense, anatomy, and time.

Using Flonase Nasal Spray for Allergies Treatment
What is Flonase? Learn about the use and side effects of over-the-counter Flonase nasal spray to treat allergies, snoring and obstructive sleep apnea.

Determine Your Sleep Needs
It is sometimes difficult to judge just how much sleep your body needs to feel rested. This simple step-by-step process will guide you in how to determine your individual sleep needs.

Determine Your Sleep Needs
It is sometimes difficult to judge just how much sleep your body needs to feel rested. This simple step-by-step process will guide you in how to determine your individual sleep needs.

Determine Your Sleep Needs
It is sometimes difficult to judge just how much sleep your body needs to feel rested. This simple step-by-step process will guide you in how to determine your individual sleep needs.

How Much Sleep Do You Need to Feel Rested?
It's sometimes difficult to judge how much sleep your body needs to feel rested. This simple five-step process will guide you to determine just that.

30 Days to Better Sleep: Calculate Your Sleep Needs
It's relatively straightforward to figure out your sleep needs. With a few simple steps, you'll know how much you need to be sleeping to feel rested.

Does Sleep Apnea Occur More in the Elderly
Learn about sleep apnea in the elderly, how often it occurs, and why it may be especially concerning in this group.

What is Sleep Efficiency?
Sleep efficiency is the ratio of the total amount of time spent asleep (total sleep time) in an evening to the total amount of time spent in bed.

What Is Willis-Ekbom or Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS)?
What is restless legs syndrome (RLS) or Willis-Ekbom disease (WED)? Learn about what it is, the symptoms, how it occurs, diagnosis, and treatments.

Silent Night CPAP Mask Liners Relieve Leak, Skin Irritation
How do Silent Night mask liners relieve leak, marks, rashes, or skin irritation from full-face and nasal CPAP masks used for sleep apnea treatment?

Simple Steps to Cut Your Sleep Apnea Risk
Learn about some ways you can reduce your risk of experiencing obstructive sleep apnea. Learn 6 simple steps to cut your risk of sleep apnea tonight.

Pupil Size Can Objectively Identify Sleepiness
Learn how pupil size as measured with a test called pupillometry can be used to objectively identify sleepiness and the degree of sleep deprivation.

Words to Expand Your Sleep Vocabulary
Improve your understanding of sleep by expanding your sleep vocabulary with these 15 terms, including the definition of retrognathia.

Words to Expand Your Sleep Vocabulary
Improve your understanding of sleep by expanding your sleep vocabulary with these 15 terms, including the definition of sleep architecture.

Words to Expand Your Sleep Vocabulary
Improve your understanding of sleep by expanding your sleep vocabulary with these 15 terms, including the definition of somniloquy.

Words to Expand Your Sleep Vocabulary
Improve your understanding of sleep by expanding your sleep vocabulary with these 15 terms, including the definition of circadian..

Words to Expand Your Sleep Vocabulary
Improve your understanding of sleep by expanding your sleep vocabulary with these 15 terms, including the definition of hypopnea.

Words to Expand Your Sleep Vocabulary
Improve your understanding of sleep by expanding your sleep vocabulary with these 15 terms, including the definition of macroglossia.

Words to Expand Your Sleep Vocabulary
Improve your understanding of sleep by expanding your sleep vocabulary with these 15 terms, including the definition of microsleep.

Words to Expand Your Sleep Vocabulary
Improve your understanding of sleep by expanding your sleep vocabulary with these 15 terms, including the definition of bruxism.

Words to Expand Your Sleep Vocabulary
Improve your understanding of sleep by expanding your sleep vocabulary with these 15 terms, including the definition of cataplexy.

Words to Expand Your Sleep Vocabulary
Improve your understanding of sleep by expanding your sleep vocabulary with these 15 terms, including the definition of enuresis.

Words to Expand Your Sleep Vocabulary
Improve your understanding of sleep by expanding your sleep vocabulary with these 15 terms, including the definition of hippocampus.

Signs Your CPAP Machine Is Not Working Anymore
What are signs that your CPAP is not working? Persistent symptoms, snoring, and old equipment may indicate that your CPAP machine needs attention.

Using a LiquiCell Nasal Cushion to Improve CPAP Mask Fit
If you have problems with CPAP mask leak, learn about the use of the Philips Respironics LiquiCell nasal cushion to improve the fit of your mask.

All About Restless Leg Syndrome and Varicose Veins
Although many people with restless legs syndrome (RLS) may never be able to identify a cause to their disorder, often it results from other secondary causes. There are many conditions that may independently lead to symptoms of RLS and these are described here.

Willis-Ekbom Disease: Causes of Restless Legs Syndrome
What are common causes of restless legs syndrome (RLS) or Willis-Ekbom disease? Discover the role of iron deficiency, pregnancy, and kidney disease.

All About Restless Leg Syndrome and Kidney Disease
Although many people with restless legs syndrome (RLS) may never be able to identify a cause to their disorder, often it results from other secondary causes. There are many conditions that may independently lead to symptoms of RLS and these are described here.

All About Restless Leg Syndrome and Diabetes
Although many people with restless legs syndrome (RLS) may never be able to identify a cause to their disorder, often it results from other secondary causes. There are many conditions that may independently lead to symptoms of RLS and these are described here.

All About Restless Leg Syndrome and Multiple Sclerosis
Although many people with restless legs syndrome (RLS) may never be able to identify a cause to their disorder, often it results from other secondary causes. There are many conditions that may independently lead to symptoms of RLS and these are described here.

All About Restless Leg Syndrome and Parkinson's Disease
Although many people with restless legs syndrome (RLS) may never be able to identify a cause to their disorder, often it results from other secondary causes. There are many conditions that may independently lead to symptoms of RLS and these are described here.

All About Restless Leg Syndrome and Pregnancy
Although many people with restless legs syndrome (RLS) may never be able to identify a cause to their disorder, often it results from other secondary causes. There are many conditions that may independently lead to symptoms of RLS and these are described here.

All About Restless Leg Syndrome and Rheumatic Disease
Although many people with restless legs syndrome (RLS) may never be able to identify a cause to their disorder, often it results from other secondary causes. There are many conditions that may independently lead to symptoms of RLS and these are described here.

All About Restless Leg Syndrome and Other Conditions
Although many people with restless legs syndrome (RLS) may never be able to identify a cause to their disorder, often it results from other secondary causes. There are many conditions that may independently lead to symptoms of RLS and these are described here.

Insomnia - Symptoms and Overview of Insomnia
For those who have difficulty falling or staying asleep and when sleep is simply not refreshing, the problem of insomnia can be obvious. There are other potential symptoms beyond an inability to sleep, however, and the physical and mental effects may be significant. Learn about the symptoms of insomnia.

What Does the Ramp Up Feature Mean on a CPAP Machine?
What is the pressure ramp up feature on CPAP or BiPAP machines? Learn how to set the ramp to lower the pressure to improve mask leak and insomnia.

Morning Headaches May Be a Sign of Obstructive Sleep Apnea
What causes morning headaches? How might obstructive sleep apnea contribute to headaches upon awakenings? Learn about the cause and treatments.

How to Change Air Filters on CPAP Machines
Learn how to find and replace the air filters on your CPAP machine. Discover the importance of this maintenance and how often to replace the filters.

How Initial Use Determines Insurance Payment for CPAP
Early use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) affects insurance payments. How much do you need to use your CPAP each night to keep it?

How Retirement Can Ruin Your Sleep and Provoke Insomnia
Can retirement ruin your sleep and provoke insomnia? Discover how changes may disrupt sleep and avoid the pitfalls that entrap too many retirees.

How Sleep Position Might Impact Your Snoring
You have likely heard it before:

Night Shift Device Treats Positional Snoring and Sleep Apnea
Can a vibrating neck band reduce snoring and sleep apnea? Learn how the Night Shift Sleep Positioner treats these conditions by prompting movement.

Nocturnal Leg Cramps Painfully Disrupt Nighttime Sleep
What causes nocturnal leg cramps at nighttime leading to muscle pain and poor sleep? Discover causes, associated conditions and alternative diagnoses.

Top 10 CPAP Compliance Solutions
If you have encountered problems learning to tolerate your continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to treat your sleep apnea, you may be interested in reading about some possible solutions to improve your compliance with the therapy.

Top 10 CPAP Compliance Solutions
If you have encountered problems learning to tolerate your continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to treat your sleep apnea, you may be interested in reading about some possible solutions to improve your compliance with the therapy.

Top 10 CPAP Compliance Solutions to Solve Problems
If you are having problems with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to treat your sleep apnea, discover 10 solutions to improve the experience.

Top 10 CPAP Compliance Solutions
If you have encountered problems learning to tolerate your continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to treat your sleep apnea, you may be interested in reading about some possible solutions to improve your compliance with the therapy.

Top 10 CPAP Compliance Solutions
If you have encountered problems learning to tolerate your continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to treat your sleep apnea, you may be interested in reading about some possible solutions to improve your compliance with the therapy.

Top 10 CPAP Compliance Solutions
If you have encountered problems learning to tolerate your continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to treat your sleep apnea, you may be interested in reading about some possible solutions to improve your compliance with the therapy.

Top 10 CPAP Compliance Solutions
If you have encountered problems learning to tolerate your continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to treat your sleep apnea, you may be interested in reading about some possible solutions to improve your compliance with the therapy.

Top 10 CPAP Compliance Solutions
If you have encountered problems learning to tolerate your continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to treat your sleep apnea, you may be interested in reading about some possible solutions to improve your compliance with the therapy.

Top 10 CPAP Compliance Solutions
If you have encountered problems learning to tolerate your continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to treat your sleep apnea, you may be interested in reading about some possible solutions to improve your compliance with the therapy.

Nasonex Nasal Spray to Treat Allergies and Snoring
What is Nasonex? Learn how this prescription nasal spray helps to treat allergies like hay faver and reduce snoring, as well as possible side effects.

10 Tips for Staying Awake
If you suffer from excessive sleepiness due to a sleep disorder or simply not sleeping enough, you may wonder how to stay awake. Staying awake may be accomplished by following these 10 simple recommendations.

10 Tips for Staying Awake
If you suffer from excessive sleepiness due to a sleep disorder or simply not sleeping enough, you may wonder how to stay awake. Staying awake may be accomplished by following these 10 simple recommendations.

10 Tips for Staying Awake
If you suffer from excessive sleepiness due to a sleep disorder or simply not sleeping enough, you may wonder how to stay awake. Staying awake may be accomplished by following these 10 simple recommendations.

10 Tips for Staying Awake
If you suffer from excessive sleepiness due to a sleep disorder or simply not sleeping enough, you may wonder how to stay awake. Staying awake may be accomplished by following these 10 simple recommendations.

10 Tips for Staying Awake
If you suffer from excessive sleepiness due to a sleep disorder or simply not sleeping enough, you may wonder how to stay awake. Staying awake may be accomplished by following these 10 simple recommendations.

10 Tips for Staying Awake
If you suffer from excessive sleepiness due to a sleep disorder or simply not sleeping enough, you may wonder how to stay awake. Staying awake may be accomplished by following these 10 simple recommendations.

10 Tips for Staying Awake
If you suffer from excessive sleepiness due to a sleep disorder or simply not sleeping enough, you may wonder how to stay awake. Staying awake may be accomplished by following these 10 simple recommendations.

How Is Restless Legs Syndrome Treated?
If you find yourself experiencing symptoms of restless legs syndrome (RLS), you may be interested in learning about your treatment options. Learn the answers with the help of UpToDate, a resource for health care providers and patients alike.

Home Sleep Apnea Testing: Sleep Study Costs, Pros, Cons
What is home sleep apnea testing (HSAT)? Consider this convenient option to diagnose sleep disorders and costs and limitations of home sleep studies.

Can Smoking Cause Snoring?
Can smoking cause snoring? Learn facts about this relationship and whether it might contribute to disrupted breathing in sleep - and how to quit.

Can You Sneeze While Asleep? Why Sneezing May Stop
Can you sneeze while asleep? Learn whether it is possible for sneezing to occur during sleep and how it might be suppressed by the human body.

What Are the Common Side Effects of CPAP Therapy?
What are the most common side effects associated with the use of CPAP therapy for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea?

Explore the Causes of Sleep Apnea
Sleep apnea is a chronic medical condition that consists of multiple prolonged pauses in breathing while the afflicted person remains asleep. There are many potential causes, most related to problems with the anatomy of the upper airway. Discover more about the causes of sleep apnea, and whether some changes may be within your control.

- By Category
An index of categories in the

30 Days to Better Sleep: Avoid Alcohol Near Bedtime
With few sleeping pill options historically, difficulty falling asleep has been helped with home remedies, including a shot of alcohol. These

Why Do We Get Sweaty in Sleep
Why do we get sweaty in sleep? Discover some reasons, including sleep disorders such as sleep apnea and nightmares as well as other medical conditions.

Using Decongestants and Nasal Steroids to Treat Snoring
Learn how using decongestants, nasal steroid sprays, and other medication treatments may provide relief from allergies, nasal congestion, and snoring.

What Is a ResMed Gecko Nasal Pad Cushion for CPAP Mask?
What is the ResMed Gecko Nasal Pad? Learn about this gel mask cushion and how it reduces leak and aids CPAP mask fit to relieve nasal pressure sores.

What Is Zzoma Positional Therapy Belt for Sleep Apnea?
What is Zzoma Positional Therapy belt device for sleep apnea and snoring? Learn the cost, benefits, risks, and alternatives to help you to sleep.

What Is Climate Line Heated Tubing for CPAP Machines?
What is climate line heated tubing? How might it be useful for CPAP machines in treatment of sleep apnea to improve dryness and water condensation?

Taping Lips to Prevent Air Leaks and Dry Mouth on CPAP
Should you tape your lips closed to prevent air leaking from your mouth when you use CPAP? Learn about alternatives that prevent dry mouth.

What is a Brain Wave?
A brain wave is the summation of the electrical activity of numerous neurons as can be recorded by an EEG.

What Can Cause Coughing at Night to Occur During Sleep?
What leads to coughing at night? Learn about the causes of nighttime coughs - from asthma to allergies to reflux to sleep apnea - and treatments.

What Is Positional Therapy for Snoring and Sleep Apnea?
How do you know if you have snoring or sleep apnea due to your sleep position? Learn about positional therapy options to help you to sleep better.

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How Long Should You Wait Between Drinking Alcohol and Going to Bed?
How long should you wait between drinking alcohol and going to bed? Learn how your nightcap may actually contribute to poor sleep and insomnia.

What Are Skinit Decorations for CPAP
If you use continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to treat your sleep apnea, it may be desirable to decorate your CPAP machine. How can you make CPAP your own? What options are available to personalize and decorate the device? What are Skinit decorations for CPAP?

What Is Behavioral Insomnia of Childhood
There may be many reasons why your child has difficulty sleeping at night, but two common causes are classified under a condition called behavioral insomnia of childhood.

Enuresis or Bedwetting
Find out more about enuresis or bedwetting, a common sleep disorder among children.

Children and Sleepwalking
Learn about sleepwalking, a common sleep disorder among children.

http://sleepdisorders.about.com/od/elderlysleepproblems/Sleep_Problems_Among_the_Elderly.htm
Learn about some of the common sleep disorders found among the elderly.

Night Eating Syndrome and Sleep
This article contains a profile and description of Night Eating Syndrome.

Profile on Night Terrors
This article contains a profile and description of night terrors.

Profile on Sleepwalking
This article contains a profile and description of sleepwalking.