Type 1 Diabetes Sitemap - Page 1 2016-09-26

What Does Mellitus Mean?
The term mellitus means honey-sweet. It's used to differentiate between diabetes mellitus, AKA diabetes, and the less common diabetes insipidus.

What You Should Know About Diabetes Discrimination at Work
Discrimination at work because of diabetes is more common that you might think. Yet there are laws that protect your rights at the workplace. Here’s what you should know.

How Sugar Alcohols Fit Into Your Diabetes Meal Plan
Sugar alcohols add sweetness to foods targeted to those with diabetes. Learn about sugar alcohol and how it might fit into your diabetes meal plan.

Managing Type 1 Diabetes in Teens
t's hard enough having a teenager without adding type 1 diabetes to the mix. Here's how to deal...and to help your teen manage too.

Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) Definition
The glomerular filtration rate is a test to determine how well your kidneys are functioning. This test is especially important for people with diabetes because kidney disease is one of the most common complications that occurs with long-term diabetes.

Connection Between Thyroid Disease and Diabetes
Thyroid disease occurs frequently with diabetes. About one in 8 people with type 2 diabetes and one in three with type 1 will develop thyroid disease.

Avoiding Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar Nonketotic Syndrome
Hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome describes a serious condition that can develop in people with diabetes. It is also called a diabetic coma. Learn what hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome is and how to prevent it.

Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes
Learning to accurately read the symptoms of type 1 diabetes is crucial to getting quick and effective treatment that could prevent serious harm.

How Accurate is Your Glucose Meter?
If you check your blood sugar you assume that your glucose meter gives you accurate readings every time you check your blood.

Tips for Insulin Injection Site Rotation
Insulin injection site rotation is as important as the amount of insulin you take. These tips can help you make the most of your insulin injections.

How Portion Control is Easy Using the Plate Method
Managing portion size is one of the best ways to control your eating habits and lose weight. Most people are accustomed to filling up their plates based how hungry they feel. However, if you have diabetes, you must think about the quantity of food you eat at each meal.

Diabetes Meal Planning Options
To eat well with type 1 diabetes means eating nutritious foods in sensible portion sizes and timing it appropriately with your insulin.

The Connection Between Hemoglobin and Diabetes
Hemoglobin and diabetes have an ongoing relationship. The A1C test measures glucose over a 3-month period as sugar is carried on this blood protein.

Diabetes-Friendly Snacks for Kids
Having healthy snacks on hand is important for every family, and especially if your child has diabetes. Four suggestions for diabetes-friendly snacks.

How Carbohydrates Affect Blood Sugar in Diabetics
We need ample amounts of carbohydrates because they are our main source of energy. Learn what carbohydrates are and how they affect your blood sugar.

The Diabetes Exchange Diet's List of Free Foods
Free foods on the diabetes exchange list have less than 20 calories per serving and 5 grams of carbohydrate. Learn what foods are considered

Interpreting Blood Ketone Test Results
Learn how to interpret the numbers for ketone blood testing, the preferred method for assessing the presence of ketones during times of sickness.

Treating Severe Hypoglycemia (Low Blood Sugar)
Treating severe hypoglycemia or low blood sugar requires that you have access to an emergency glucagon kit.

Glucose Monitoring - Getting Started
Glucose monitoring is one of the first things you learn to do after being diagnosed with type 1 diabetes.

Novel Approaches to Blood Glucose Monitoring
Do you have bruised and aching fingers from multiple daily fingersticks? Discover new methods for checking blood sugar, including invasive options.

Blood Glucose Monitoring: Surgical and Semi-invasive
Learn about some of the latest and most innovative invasive and semi-invasive options for monitoring blood sugar.

Continuous Glucose Monitoring: The Arrival of DexCom 5
Learn the key differences between the DexCom 4 and DexCom 5 systems and reviews the pros and cons of continuous glucose monitoring.

Famous People Living With Type 1 Diabetes
Here are nine famous people living with type 1 diabetes that are examples that you can achieve your dreams amid the challenges of diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes and Hypoglycemia
Learn about the definitions, symptoms, causes and treatment of hypoglycemia in patients with type 1 diabetes.

Can Dogs Be Trained to Sense a Low Blood Sugar?
There are many people who are living proof that dogs can be trained to respond to a low blood sugar just as effectively as service dogs for the blind.

Ideas for a Type 1 Diabetes Support Group
Suggested topics for eight-week-long type 1 diabetes support group. Start with a mission statement, review blood sugars, types of insulin, and more.

Inhaled Insulin: The Power of Powder?
Is there a benefit to inhaled insulin over traditional injectable insulin? Learn more about this needle-free injection system.

How to Interpret the A1c Diabetes Test
The A1c test measures your average glucose (blood sugar) levels over approximately three months. Learn how to read the result of this important diabetes test.

Meters That Measure Both Blood Sugar and Ketones
Some blood sugar meters also test for blood ketones. It is particularly important to test for ketones during periods of illness. How these work.

Blood Sugar Meters That Communicate With Insulin Pumps
Newer technology allows some blood sugar meters to communicate wirelessly with specific insulin pumps, helping tailor insulin therapy.

How Drinking Alcohol Affects Diabetes
Know how alcohol affects your blood sugar and learn how to drink safely with diabetes.

Common Diabetes Skin Conditions - Expert Guide
High blood sugar can cause a number of health-related problem for those with diabetes. But it can also affect your skin. Sometimes, changes in your skin are the first signs of high blood sugar. Here are some of the most common diabetes-related skin conditions and what you can do to treat them.

Carbohydrate Counting - Getting Started
Carbohydrate counting is a valuable resource for parents of children with type 1 diabetes to balance food and insulin. Learn the basics of carbohydrate counting and how it can help your child's diabetes management.

Carbohydrate Counting: What Parents Should Know
Carbohydrate counting is often considered the best way for parents of children with type 1 diabetes to manage food intake and insulin. Learn what carbohydrate counting is and how it can benefit you.

What is the Best Way to Store Insulin?
How you store your insulin can affect how well it works. Learn the best storage tips to keep your insulin working for you.

What Is Estimated Average Glucose (eAG)?
Estimated Average Glucose (eAG) allows you to take your A1c test results and convert them into numbers like you see on your glucose meter.

Measuring Your Hemoglobin A1C for Average Blood Sugar
Your average blood sugar can be measured by a hemoglobin A1c test. It is a vital part of managing your type 1 diabetes. Here are answers to some of the most frequently asked questions about the A1c test.

What Are A1c Home Test Kits for Diabetes?
Hemoglobin A1c home test kits include those that give a reading at home and those you send to a lab. They are used for ongoing monitoring in diabetes.

Alternate Blood Sugar Testing Sites
An alternative blood testing site is a place other than your fingertip where you can reliably test your blood glucose, although there are cautions.

Understanding Basal and Bolus Insulin
Both basal and bolus insulin are needed to balance the glucose in the body. But each has a different role and must be carefully planned in order to give the proper insulin coverage that your body needs.

Blood Sugar Meters by Smallest Sample Sizes
One of the most important features of a glucose meter is the blood sample size. Here are the meters that require the least for accurate results.

Blood Glucose Drops After Exercise in Type 1 Diabetes
Exercise causes your blood sugar to drop with type 1 diabetes. This is normal, but you need to manage your glucose levels and prevent hypoglycemia.

An Overview of Type 1 Diabetes
Whether newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes or want to learn more to help a family member or friend, this overview is a great place to begin.

What Is the Pancreas and What Does It Do?
Your pancreas is a very important but often under-appreciated organ. The pancreas and the role it plays in diabetes are important to understand.

What Is Proteinuria?
Proteinuria is a condition that is often associated with diabetes, especially those who have been living with diabetes for several years. Learn what happens and how you can treat it.

What Is the Definition of Fructose?
Fructose is a type of naturally occurring sugar that is linked to an increasing number of diseases, including diabetes, obesity and heart disease.

What Is a Complete Diabetes Travel Kit?
Diabetes travel kits are needed whether you are traveling weeks at a time away from home or out for an afternoon of errands. The need to have these supplies with you at all times cannot be emphasized enough. Learn what you need and be prepared for the unexpected.

Visual Cues Help Manage Portion Sizes and Diabetes
Visual cues acts as an approximate gauge for determining a sensible serving of food. The best visual cues are objects you know well, such as a fist, deck of cards or baseball. Knowing the approximate size helps you know how much to put on your plate. Learn how visual cues can help you manage your blood sugar and your weight.

Types of Fast and Short-Acting Insulins
Fast- and short-acting insulins are primarily used to balance glucose at mealtimes (called a bolus dose of insulin). A chart compares different types.

Type 1 Diabetes - Understanding the Complications
There are both potential short-term and long-term complications that can arise with diabetes. Find out what they are and how you can prevent them.

What Are the Types of Insulin Available?
There are many types of insulin that serve different purposes for people with diabetes. The type of insulin your doctor will prescribe depends on your particular needs. Learn what each type of insulin does, how long it takes to work and how long it continues to lower your blood sugar.

What You Should Know About Treating Type 1 Diabetes
Treating type 1 diabetes requires good management of several areas: insulin therapy, good food choices, exercise and checking blood sugar.

Low Glycemic Superfoods - Low-Glycemic Foods
Low glycemic foods do not raise your blood sugar nearly as much as foods that contain more sugar. Here are 5 nutritious low glycemic superfoods.

What is Hypoglycemia Awareness?
Hypoglycemia awareness can help prevent critically low blood sugars. Learn how to recognize the early symptoms of low blood sugar.

Urine Ketone Testing to Manage Your Diabetes
Urine ketone testing should be part of your type 1 diabetes management plan. Learn the importance of it and how it can help you stay healthy.

What You Need to Know About Insulin Therapy
Insulin therapy is a necessity for every person with type 1 diabetes. Here are answers to some of the most common questions about insulin therapy.

Pros and Cons of Insulin Pump Therapy
Insulin pump therapy is not for everyone. Before you decide for or against it, take a close look at the major advantages and disadvantages.

What is an Insulin Analog - Type 1 Diabetes
An insulin analog is a type of insulin that has been chemically modified to either act faster or slower than the type of insulin naturally made by the body.

Hyperglycemia as a Diabetes Emergency
Hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar, can be a diabetes emergency if your glucose goes too high. Not only might you feel poorly, but sustained high glucose levels increases your risk of diabetes-related complications. Learn the symptoms and how to keep this from becoming an emergency situation.

How to use Continuous Glucose Monitors Effectively
This article describes how to use continuous glucose monitors effectively and how to interpret the data in order to decrease hyper and hypoglycemia.

How to Choose a Blood Glucose Meter
Using a blood glucose meter is not optional for someone with type 1 diabetes. But all blood glucose meters are not created equal.

The Connection Between Stress and Diabetes
Stress and diabetes are common partners. Stress can raise your blood sugar, making it harder to manage diabetes. Learn to manage stress and diabetes.

What Is a Sensor-Augmented Insulin Pump (SAP)
A sensor-augmented pump (SAP) combines the technology of an insulin pump with a continuous glucose sensor that transmits glucose readings to the user.

What Is Rapid-Acting Insulin?
A rapid-acting insulin is one that begins to act on glucose in the bloodstream faster than normal. Here's an overview of these insulins.

3 Tips For Great Blood Sugar Control
Controlling your blood sugar is not an easy task. But with a little planning and a sound approach you can keep your blood sugar in the acceptable range most of the time. Here are three tips to help you toward good blood sugar control.

Learning More About the Glycemic Index
The glycemic index (GI) ranks foods according to how they affect blood sugar levels. The index specifically targets carbohydrates and ranks them on a scale from 0 to 100. Foods with a high GI are more quickly digested and absorbed resulting in a greater rise in blood sugar levels. Foods with a lower GI are more slowly digested and absorbed and cause blood sugar to rise more gradually.

Preventing Insulin Shock
Insulin shock occurs when the level of your blood sugar drops quickly and leads to unconsciousness. It is a severe form of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) and can be fatal if not treated in a timely manner. Learn how you can prevent it.

What to Know When Traveling With Type 1
Traveling with type 1 diabetes doesn't have to be a hassle. It simply takes some planning. Learn some important travels tips that will help you effectively manage your diabetes on the road.

Hyperglycemia as a Diabetes Emergency - What You Should Know About Hyperglycemia as a Diabetes Emergency
Hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar, can be a diabetes emergency if your glucose goes too high. Not only might you feel poorly but sustained high glucose levels increases your risk of diabetes-related complications. Learn the symptoms and how to keep this from becoming an emergency situation. Page 2.

Ketoacidosis Diabetes Emergency - What to Know About a Ketoacidosis Diabetes Emergency
Ketoacidosis, or DKA, is a serious condition and a diabetes emergency. During DKA your body is searching for fuel because it doesn't have the insulin it needs to use glucose. Learn more about the cause of ketoacidosis and what to do if it occurs. Page 3.

Treatment for Hypoglycemia, a Diabetes Emergency
Hypoglycemia can be a medical emergency if you don't act quickly. Learn the symptoms and what to do if this emergency strikes.

Prescription Assistance Program for Diabetes Management
Prescription Assistance Programs may be able to help pay for diabetes-related supplies, such as glucose meters, test strips, insulin or other medications. Learn more and gain access to a list of companies that provide prescription assistance programs for diabetes supplies.

High and Low Blood Sugar - Managing the Ups and Downs
High and low blood sugar are twin concerns of every person with type 1 diabetes. The main challenge is to keep blood glucose levels in a healthy range most of the time. Learn the symptoms of each and how to manage both ends of the spectrum in this lesson.

Diagnosis of Type 1 Diabetes
To make an accurate diagnosis of type 1 diabetes, health professionals need to conduct one of three commonly used tests to confirm the diagnosis. Learn what these tests are and how they are conducted.

Adults with Type 1
Having type 1 diabetes requires learning effective ways to manage your diabetes in real life circumstances such as the workplace, the family or eating out. Here you will find ways to adapt your self-care routine to the changing circumstances of life.

- By Category
An index of categories in the

Anytime you are exposed to new information you are bound to come across terms that you are not familiar with. That's part of the learning process. Broaden your knowledge and your vocabulary with this extensive list of commonly used diabetes-related terms.


Promising New Treatment for Type 1 Diabetes
The results of a new trial show that the infusion of regulatory T cells in early type 1 diabetes is safe and may halt the progression of the disease.

Empagliflozin: The Holy Grail of Diabetes Treatment?
This blog discusses the recent NEJM trial called EMPA-REG which show that a new class of medication for diabetes has the potentially to decrease cardiovascular complications and death.

Type 1 Diabetes and Related Autoimmune Conditions
Type 1 diabetes, hypothyroidism, celiac disease, adrenal insufficiency, polyglandular autoimmune syndromes

Type 1 Diabetes and Exercise: A predictable way to lower blood sugar?
This article discusses how and why various types of exercise raise or lower blood sugars in patients with type 1 diabetes and suggests strategies to prevent blood glucose fluctuations.

Treatment Revolution for Type 1 Diabetes Arrives....Almost
SGLT-2 inhibitors, diabetic ketoacidosis, FDA warning

Fine Tuning Your Blood Glucose Control: Glycemic Index and Load
Glycemic Index and Load have the potential to fine tune blood glucose control but also have inherent limitations which have prevented their wide scale adoption into everyday practice.

Tujeo: Exciting New Insulin Primed to Hit Market
Toujeo is a recently FDA-approved basal insulin with equal efficacy and decreased rates of hypoglycemia when compared to Lantus.

Pancreas and Islet Transplantation
A brief description pancreas and islet transplants including history, indications, complications, outcomes and future.

Parenting Concerns
Diabetes is undoubtedly a family affair. When those closest to the person with diabetes learn how to adapt to the unique needs of their loved one, everyone benefits. Here you will learn about specific issues that commonly arise for couples, parents and siblings when living in close proximity to someone with diabetes.