Women's History Sitemap - Page 11 2016-09-26

Queen Lili'uokalani of Hawaii: Woman Ruler of the 19th Century
Queen Lili'uokalani of Hawaii was the last monarch of Hawai'i before the monarchy was abolished with the takeover of the islands by European Americans.

Powerful Queens, Empresses and Women Rulers 1800-1899
Who were some powerful queens, empresses and other women rulers of the 19th century (1800 - 1899)?

Isabella II of Spain: Woman Ruler of the 19th Century
Queen Isabella II of Spain ruled amidst controversy, chaos and fighting. She was finally deposed and she abdicated in favor of her son.

More Queens: Before the 19th Century
Find more queens in different times and places.

Norman Queens of England: Matilda of Scotland
Norman Queens of England: Matilda of Scotland, the second Norman queen, was a granddaughter of an Anglo-Saxon English king, and was the first wife of Henry I of England.

Norman Queens of England: Adeliza of Louvain
Norman Queens of England: Second Norman king, Henry I, lost his first wife to death and then his only male heir drowned. So he tried to have a new family with Adeliza, his second wife.

Norman Queens of England: Matilda of Boulogne
Norman Queens of England: Matilda of Boulogne, a first cousin of the Empress Matilda, was the wife of Stephen who took the crown from the Empress Matilda (also his first cousin).

More Queens
When you're acquainted with the Norman queens, here are some more to

Norman Queens of England: Matilda of Flanders
Norman Queens of England: the first was Matilda of Flanders, married to William the Conqueror.

Anne Brontë: Poet and Novelist of the 19th Century
Anne Bronte, the second of the Bronte sisters to die young, is the least well known of the three. Her second novel was especially controversial.

Charlotte Brontë, 19th Century Novelist
Charlotte Brontë, perhaps best known for her novel Jane Eyre, lived from 1816 to 1855, surviving her two famous sisters and then dying of complications of pregnancy after she married.

African American Women Writers
African American women writers have helped to bring the black woman's experience to life for millions of readers. Here are some of these writers you should know.

African American Women on Race - 1902
In 1902, Dr. Daniel Wallace Culp published a book of essays on various issues facing African Americans of the day, including essays by several African American women. Includes biographical information.

Slave Poet Phillis Wheatley - An Analysis of Her Poems
Phillis Wheatley, an African brought to America as a slave, became a published poet at the age of 18. Read a biography of Phillis Wheatley and some assessments of her literary contribution.

Ida Husted Harper
Ida Husted Harper was a journalist who wrote for mostly Indiana papers, until Susan B. Anthony engaged her in the California suffrage campaign. She became a key documenter and historian for the movement, as well as being actively engaged in writing promotional materials for the movement.

Child Labor and the 1916 Keating-Owen Act
The Keating-Owen Act of 1916 was passed by Congress to put limits on what work children below fourteen or sixteen could be employed to do, and how many hours they could work. It was quickly declared unconstitutional.

Characters in the TV Series Salem (2014-2015)
How realistically portrayed are the characters in the TV series Salem? Find out the real stories of many of the main characters whose names are used in the 2014-2015 television series.

Women Nobel Literature Prize Winners
Women Nobel Laureates honored for literature include women from many different countries and whose writing was in quite different styles.

Women Who Have Won the Nobel Peace Prize
Women have won only a few of the total number of Nobel Peace Prize awards, more in recent years than in the early years, though it may have been a woman's peace activism that inspired Alfred Nobel to create the award.

Harriet Beecher Stowe - Bust of Author Harriet Beecher Stowe Author of Uncle Tom's Cabin
A picture of a bust of Harriet Beecher Stowe. Page 4.

Harriet Beecher Stowe, from an 1852 photograph
A portrait of Harriet Beecher Stowe from an 1852 photograph of the author of Uncle Tom's Cabin.

Harriet Beecher Stowe - 1872
Picture of Harriet Beecher Stowe, from an engraving based on a painting by Chappel, about 1872. Page 3.

Harriet Beecher Stowe Pictures
Pictures of writer Harriet Beecher Stowe, author of Uncle Tom's Cabin.

Harriet Beecher Stowe, from an 1862 photograph
A portrait of Harriet Beecher Stowe from an 1862 photograph of the author of Uncle Tom's Cabin. Page 2.

Betty Ford and the ERA (Equal Rights Amendment)
Betty Ford, a Republican, supported the Equal Rights Amendment and women's equality throughout the 1970s, drawing on her popularity as First Lady to promote its passage.

Harlem Renaissance Women
The women of the Harlem Renaissance -- black women writers, artists, poets, journalists, and others in the early 20th century.

Anglo-Saxon and Viking Queens of England
The queens of Anglo-Saxon and Viking England were a varied group. Some were not even mentioned by name in documents of the time. Most were not annointed as queens, but served as the king's consort. Some were put aside when a more advantageous marriage came up.

Salic Law
An explanation of Salic Law, which affected the history of several European countries and their royal lineage.

Women Rulers - Queens and Empresses of the Early Modern Period
Women rulers became more common in the 17th and first half of the 18th centuries, the Early Modern period.

About Lucy Wheelock
A profile of Lucy Wheelock, an educator who promoted kindergarten education.

African American History and Women Timeline 1940-1949
A chronology of events and birthdates for African American women and other women involved in African American history. This section of the timeline covers the years 1940-1949.

Emily Post
A profile of Emily Post, etiquette writer of the 20th century.

Sigrid the Haughty
A profile of Sigrid the Haughty, Viking princess.

Books for Girls 5-9
Girls in this age range are beginning readers, but usually still love a story read to them sometimes too. They're exploring their place in the world, so books that provide role models - real and fantasy - are good choices. Girls at these ages usually like colorful illustrations, touches of humor or surprise, and a mixture of courage and compassion in the heroines.

Female Pharaohs - List, Including Cleopatra and Nefertiti
The rulers of ancient Egypt, Pharaohs, were almost all men. The evidence for a few women Pharaohs is sketchy at best. Here is a list of the most likely.

Women's History Videos
Video presentations on women's history -- biographies of famous feminists and historical women, plus events and trends. There's a variety here in time and place, useful in classes, for personal enlightenment, or for discussion groups.

Timeline 1800-1829 of the History of African-American Women
A chronology of events and birthdates for African American women and other women involved in African American history. This section of the timeline covers the years 1800-1829.

African American History and Women Timeline 1890-1899
A chronology of events and birthdates for African American women and other women involved in African American history. This section of the timeline covers the years 1890-1899.

Black History Month and Women
Celebrate the women of black history and their contributions and persepective.

March 20 - Today in Women's History
March 20 - birthdates of notable women and other important events, plus quote for the day

Balloon Ascension of a Woman - Philadelphia 1851
A woman ascends in a balloon in Philadelphia, 1851. Page 4.

Woman or Object? - Miss America Protest 1969
Feminists protest the Miss America beauty pageant in 1969 in Atlantic City. Page 6.

Woman of Science - 1930
Marie Curie is shown in 1930. Women's History. Page 8.

Joan of Arc Saved France - World War I Women of America Poster
A World War I poster urging women to buy war bonds -- and pointing to another woman's heroism in war. Page 5.

Giving Thanks - Thanksgiving Dinner in the Great Depression
Thanksgiving Dinner, about 1935, has volunteers serving the homeless in New York City. Page 3.

Matilda of Scotland
A medieval image of Matilda of Scotland, queen of England. Page 2.

The Flight of Time 1850 - Godey's Lady's Book
Godey's Lady's Book celebrated the

The Trial of a Witch
The Salem witch trials of 1692 featured trials with spectral evidence, accusations of well-respected as well as less liked neighbors, and executions before authorities ended the trials. Page 7.

Judith Henry House - Battle of Bull Run, July 21, 1861
Judith Henry's house after the Battle of Bull Run (Battle of Manassas), July 21, 1861. Page 19.

Wall of Respect for Women - 1974 - Women's History in Pictures
Image of a mural in New York depicting women in history. Page 17.

Mary Wollstonecraft - Engraving
A portrait of Mary Wollstonecraft, based on a painting by Odie. Page 10.

Queen of 19th Century Science
Portrait of one of the 19th century's best-known women scientists. Page 20.

Betty Ford - 1975 Picture
Photo of Betty Ford, First Lady, about 1975. Page 22.

Lucy Burns and Emmeline Pankhurst
Photo of Lucy Burns and Emmeline Pankhurst in Washington, DC, 1913. Page 21.

Eleanor of Aquitaine Portrait
A portrait of Eleanor of Aquitaine, queen of England. Page 18.

Lady Jane Grey - Women's History Image of the Week
Portrait of Lady Jane Grey, Queen of England for nine days in 1553. Page 11.

Women Steel Workers Picketing - 1919
Women steel workers picketing in an automobile, at a steel plant, 1919. Page 15.

Daisy Chain Procession - Vassar College Commencement
Daisy Chain procession at commencement in 1909 at Vassar College. Page 14.

National Woman's Party Protestors Taken to Prison
National Woman's Party protestors are taken from the D.C. Court House to prison after their conviction in connection with White House protests for women's suffrage, 1917. Page 16.

Girls Basketball Team - Milton High School, North Dakota, 1909
Picture from 1909 -- women's high school basketball in North Dakota. Page 13.

Votes for Women - Canada - 1917
Canadian women's suffrage is often dated to 1917. Page 9.

Women's Peace Party March
Woman's Peace Party March, late 1910s. Page 12.

Geraldine Ferraro and Margaret Thatcher in 1985 - Women's History Images
British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher met with American Democratic politician and former vice-presidential candidate Geraldine Ferraro at 10 Downing Street, London, May 1985. Page 36.

Maya Angelou at The Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture
Maya Angelou celebrates documents donated to The Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, October, 2010. Page 35.

Women Voting in Boston - 1888
Photograph of women voting in Boston election in 1888. Page 34.

Mary Surratt and Others Executed for Conspiracy
Mary Surratt and three men were executed for conspiracy in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln, July 7, 1865. Page 33.

WPA Poster - Evening School Home Economics Class
WPA poster by unknown artist advertises evening classes including classes (illustrated) in home economics. Page 32.

Cheyenne Mother and Child Photograph - About 1905
Photograph of a Cheyenne mother and child, by Edward S. Curtis, from a collection of images of Indians of the Great Plains, collected between 1900 and 1910. Page 31.

Martha Graham - 1923
Photograph of dancer and choreographer Martha Graham from the show Salem Shore, 1924. Page 30.

Woman and Child Sculpture - Palestine between 65 BCE and 325 CE
Mother and child figure from Palestine, dated from 65 BCE to 325 CE. Page 29.

Women Workers 1943 - Wipers in the Roundhouse at Lunch - Clinton Iowa
Women working as wipers in the roundhouse having lunch, 1943 in Clinton, Iowa. Page 28.

Coco Chanel Photograph
Picture of Coco Chanel, business executive and fashion designer. Page 27.

Royal Wedding - Fiances Princess Elizabeth and Prince Philip 1947
A photograph of the engaged couple of Princess Elizabeth (future Queen Elizabeth II) and Prince Philip, from January 1947. Page 26.

Betty Friedan - 1980
Feminist Betty Friedan at 1980 conference on families. Page 25.

Weekly Image: Women's Civil War Era Dress
CDV of a Civil War era woman, about 1860-1865. Page 24.

Molly Pitcher - Women's History in Pictures
Picture represents American Revolution heroine Molly Pitcher, who took over loading the cannon for her collapsed husband in the Battle of Monmouth. Page 23.

Amelia Earhart - 1935 picture
Photograph of Amelia Earhart, 1935. Page 39.

Ntozake Shange - Picture of Ntozake Shange, 1977
A 1977 photograph of poet and playwright Ntozake Shange. Page 52.

Great Photographs - Cold Outside
Image of woman walking her dogs in winter. Page 51.

Goddess at Sag Harbor
Image of a goddess taken in Sag Harbor, New York. Page 50.

Germaine Greer at Home - Picture of Feminist Germaine Greer
A 1976 photo of Germaine Greer, journalist and feminist, at her home. Page 49.

Suffrage Map 1908
A 1908 map showing the progress of woman suffrage as of 1908, celebrating the addition of Norway and Finland to those countries with equal suffrage. Page 47.

Emily Davies Portrait
An image of Emily Davies, British suffrage activist and women's education advocate. Page 46.

Queen Mary I of England: Portrait
Picture of Queen Mary I of England, after an image by Holbein. Page 45.

Rosa Parks Picture - 1988
Rosa Parks is pictured in 1988 at a ceremony in her honor. Page 44.

Sharecropper in 1937 - Great Depression Photo by Dorothea Lange
Photograph of a sharecropper in Mississippi in 1937, part of a series of photographs taken by Dorothea Lange during the Great Depression as part of her work with the U.S. Farm Security Administration. Page 43.

Sojourner Truth Image
A picture of Sojourner Truth, abolitionist and women's rights advocate. Page 42.

Royal Wedding - Prince and Princess of Wales 1981
Charles and Diana leave St Paul's Cathedral after their 1981 wedding. Page 40.

Joan of Kent Picture - Engraving of Joan of Kent
Image of Joan of Kent, about 1385, ancestor to many kings of England and Great Britain, from a wooden engraving. Page 38.

Thanksgiving 1894 - Harper's Bazaar Weekly Cover
Cover of Harper's Bazaar, 1894, Thanksgiving issue. Page 54.

Woman Scientist
A picture of a woman scientist, from about 1920, with her experimental apparatus. Page 53.

Mary, Queen of Scots Image - Picture of Mary Stuart
Picture of Mary, Queen of Scots, also known as Mary Stuart. Images of Mary, Queen of Scots, depicted by artists. Page 99.

Harriet Beecher Stowe, from an 1862 photograph
A portrait of Harriet Beecher Stowe from an 1862 photograph of the author of Uncle Tom's Cabin. Page 98.

Joan Baez at 1963 March on Washington
A photo of folksinger Joan Baex, from the 1963 March on Washington for civil rights. Page 62.

International Woman Suffrage Alliance 1914 - Women's Suffrage Pictures
A 1914 photograph of women attending a meeting of the International Woman Suffrage Alliance, including Carrie Chapman Catt and Millicent Garrett Fawcett. Page 66.

Mary Wollstonecraft Picture - John Odie Painting of Mary Wollstonecraft
Painting of Mary Wollstonecraft by artist John Odie. Page 65.

Queen Elizabeth I of England
Picture of Queen Elizabeth I of England, from a book of prayers. Page 64.

Belle Boyd Photograph - Civil War Spy
A photograph of Belle Boyd, from about 1855-1865. Page 63.

Joan of Arc Burned at the Stake - 19th Century Image
This 19th century image depicts Joan of Arc being burned at the stake as a heretic and apostate. Page 61.

Woman's Journal - Woman Suffrage Personified
Illustration from Woman's Journal and Suffrage News, 1916, from a history of the Woman's Journal, publication of the American Woman Suffrage Association. Page 60.

Child Labor - Girl Spinners in North Carolina
1908 photo of two girls from North Carolina who work in the textile mills. The oldest girl works 10 hour days for fifty cents, the younger works more irregularly. Page 59.

Woman Forever Songsheet Cover
A songsheet cover from 1916 honors Woman Forever. Page 58.

Harriet Beecher Stowe - From a Painting by Alonzo Chappel
Picture of Harriet Beecher Stowe, from a painting by Alonzo Chappel. Page 57.

WASP - Woman Pilot in World War II
Catherine (Cappy) Vail Bridge, WASP, pictured with P38 Lightning in this 1944 image. Page 56.

WPA Women Painters Poster
WPA poster for a women painters exhibition, 1938. Page 55.

Joan of Arc Statue - Notre Dame Cathedral
An image of a Joan of Arc statue at Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, France. Page 83.

Woman in Spanish Kitchen - Diego Velazquez Painting - Christ in the House of Martha and Mary
Diego Velazquez (1599-1660) depicts 17th century kitchen in his painting, Christ in the House of Martha and Mary. Page 97.

West Main Cree Woman's Hood - National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution
Cree Hood, about 1840, from the National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution. Page 96.

African Mud Cloth with Figures
An image of an African mud cloth, with figures. Page 95.

Abelard and Heloise Picture
Picture of Abelard and Heloise, famous lovers of the medieval world. Page 94.

Black History Month - African American Portrait
An image of an African American woman, about 1900, from a collection of images depicting women in history, from the About.com Women's History Guidesite. Page 93.

Woman Painting at Skyline Drive, Virginia, 1944
A woman is painting at the Appalachian Trail, Skyline Drive, Shenandoah Park, Virginia, in 1944. Part of a collection of images from the Farm Security Administration, Office of War Information. Page 92.

Mrs. Sage - First English Woman to Ride in a Balloon
Image of the first English woman to travel in the air. Page 91.

Women's History Picture - Sewing Class in Settlement House
Photograph by Lewis W. Hine, depicting a sewing class in Sprague House Settlement, Providence, Rhode Island. Page 90.

First Lady Michelle Obama Presents Inaugural Gown to Smithsonian
First Lady Michelle Obama presents her inaugural gown to the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History March 9, 2010. Page 89.

Woman Reading: An Unusual Photograph
Photograph of a woman reading, 19th century. Page 88.

Clara Barton Home - Glen Echo Maryland - National Historic Site
Photo of Clara Barton home, Glen Echo, Maryland, a National Historic Site. Page 86.

Queen Elizabeth I as a Young Girl
An unknown artist depicts a young girl, later Queen Elizabeth I. Page 85.

Nurse in Famous World War II Photo - 2005
Nurse in famous World War II photo pictured in 2005. Page 84.

Louisa May Alcott Grave Site - Sleepy Hollow Cemetery
Site of Louisa May Alcott's grave at Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, Concord, Massachusetts. Page 82.

Women Their Rights and Nothing Less - Motto of Susan B. Anthony Newspaper The Revolution
Motto from 19th century feminist journal, The Revolution, set in movable type: Women Their Rights and Nothing Less. Page 70.

Woman's Sphere - Suffrage Cartoon
A cartoon advocating for woman suffrage as a way for women to expand their sphere of activity. Page 72.

Woman Suffrage Flag
Feminist Alice Paul sews a star on the suffrage flag in 1919 or 1920. Page 81.

Sandra Day O'Connor and Elena Kagan 2009
In 2009, then Solicitor General Elena Kagan met with former U.S. Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor. In 2010, President Obama nominated Elena Kagan for a spot as a justice on the Supreme Court. Page 80.

Portrait of the Artist - Mary Cassatt, 1878
Artist Mary Cassatt in a self-portrait, 1878. Page 79.

Goddess Hathor
Goddess Hathor, from an image in the Luxor Museum. Page 78.

Woman on Bicycle - 1890s Display Card
A woman on a bicycle is the subject of this 1890s display card. Page 77.

Louise Guiney - Louise Imogen Guiney
Photograph of poet and writer Louise Imogen Guiney, dressed as Saint Barbara. Page 71.

Victorian Musician - Studio Photo from Victorian Times
A Victorian-era studio photograph of a girl playing music. Page 75.

Julia Gillard - Prime Minister of Australia
Photograph of Julia Gillard, first prime minister of Australia, sworn in June 24, 2010. Page 74.

Frida Kahlo Paintings - German Exhibition 2010
Image of portraits by Frida Kahlo, part of the April 30 - August 9, 2010, Frida Kahlo Retrospective at Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin, Germany. Page 73.

Helen Thomas at Presidential Press Conference with President Gerald Ford, 1976
Helen Thomas and other reporters at a press conference with Gerald Ford, September, 1976. Page 69.

Women in World War II - Homefront
During World War II, many women took on jobs in factories and plants that men had held in peacetime. Page 68.

Women in History Pictures - Weekly Picture Gallery
A collection of images depicting women in history, from the About.com Women's History Guidesite.

Women in History Pictures - Weekly Picture Gallery
A collection of images depicting women in history, from the About.com Women's History Guidesite.

Women in History Pictures - Weekly Picture Gallery
A collection of images depicting women in history, from the About.com Women's History Guidesite.

Women in History Pictures - Weekly Picture Gallery
A collection of images depicting women in history, from the About.com Women's History Guidesite.

Women in History Pictures - Weekly Picture Gallery
A collection of images depicting women in history, from the About.com Women's History Guidesite.

Women in History Pictures - Weekly Picture Gallery
A collection of images depicting women in history, from the About.com Women's History Guidesite.

Women in History Pictures - Weekly Picture Gallery
A collection of images depicting women in history, from the About.com Women's History Guidesite.

Women's History Month 2010 - Nancy Pelosi and Hillary Clinton at Statuary Hall
Hillary Clinton is honored at the US Capitol's Statuary Hall, in a ceremony hosted by House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Congresswoman Lynn Woolsey of California. Page 87.

Harriet Beecher Stowe - Secondary Sources - Reviews and Criticism and Analysis
More resources on Harriet Beecher Stowe, author of Uncle Tom's Cabin: book reviews, analysis and criticism, other secondary sources about her work.

African American History and Women Timeline 1860-1863
A chronology of events and birthdates for African American women and other women involved in African American history. This section of the timeline covers the years 1860-1863.

The Cancer Journals - Audre Lorde's The Cancer Journals
Audre Lorde writes about her personal experience in

Colonial Christmases - Alice Morse Earle 1903
How did the colonial New Englanders celebrate Christmas? The answer, from Alice Morse Earle writing in 1903, may surprise you.

Erma Bombeck on Detrimming the Christmas Tree - Winter Holiday Quotes
Erma Bombeck writes about the post-Christmas task of detrimming the tree.

Louisa May Alcott - Reminiscences of Ralph Waldo Emerson - 1882
In 1882, Louisa May Alcott, a neighbor and friend of Ralph Waldo Emerson, wrote her memories of Emerson for publication. Here's the essay she wrote.

Reminiscences of Ralph Waldo Emerson
Women's History. Page 2.

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Clara Barton Home - National Historic Site - Photos
Photo Gallery of pictures of Clara Barton's home in Glen Echo, Maryland, a National Historic Site. It was also the home of the American Red Cross at the end of the 19th century.

History of Women's Rights
A history of women's rights: find resources and articles on women's rights history.

Feminist Art Journal - Studying Women and Art
Feminist Art Journal asked what it meant to be a woman artist. The Feminist Art Journal analyzed women, their art and the Feminist Art Movement.

Heresies: A Feminist Publication on Art and Politics
Heresies examined the intersection of art and politics. The Heresies Collective began the feminist art journal in 1977.

Feminist Movement in Art - Expressing Women's Experience
The Feminist Art Movement transformed the art world. Learn about the beginnings of the Feminist Art Movement and the effect feminism has had on art.

Feminist Literary Criticism Defined
Definition of feminist literary criticism and how it challenges male assumptions.

What 1960s Feminists Did During the Women’s Movement
What did 1960s feminists do? A look at some of the actions of the 1960s feminist movement.

Quotations on Mothers and Motherhood
For Mother's Day or any day: some choice quotes on mothering and mothers. Some are serious, some are humorous or even cynical. Something for everyone.

Women Prime Ministers and Presidents: 20th Century
Global women political leaders: female prime ministers and presidents.

Lucrezia Borgia - Illegitimate Daughter of a Pope
Who was Lucrezia Borgia, really? What are the facts of her life, rather than the embellishments of enemies of her family and later writers? Find out in this biography of the illegitimate daughter of Pope Alexander VI.

Temperance Movement and Prohibition Timeline
A chronology of major events in the history of temperance and prohibition.

WASP - Women Pilots of World War II
The story of WASP, American women pilots of World War II, finally recognized in 1977 as military pilots.

Women of World War II - Women in the Workplace
One way life changed for many women after World War II was in the workplace. More women went to work, and many worked in jobs previously closed to women.

Women and Labor in Early America
Before the Industrial Revolution, women worked at home and in many trades. The textile mills hired women and children, because they would work for lower pay than men would.

Little Women at Christmas - Civil War Holiday
Louisa May Alcott's Little Women describes a Civil War Christmas.

Lucy N. Colman: Freethinker, Abolitionist, Feminist
Less known than other women abolitionists, feminists and racial justice reformers, Lucy Colman arranged for Sojourner Truth to meet Lincoln, and accompanied her to the interview.

November 25 - Today in Women's History
November 25 - birthdates of notable women and other important events, plus quote for the day

Mary Wollstonecraft - Grounded in Experience - Early Years
Mary Wollstonecraft: she believed that experience shaped thought and development, and her own life is an example of that interplay. Her early life and experience of the abuse of women by men and women's limited opportunities helped shape her ideas about women's rights and human rights. Part of an article on Mary Wollstonecraft's life and writings.

Mary Wollstonecraft Writer - Vindication of the Rights of Woman - Writing Career of Mary Wollstonecraft
Mary Wollstonecraft: she used her writing as a means of independence as well as an opportunity to speak for women's rights. Part of an article on Mary Wollstonecraft's life and writings. Page 2.

Mary Wollstonecraft - Gilbert Imlay - Travels to Sweden
Mary Wollstonecraft: how her love affair with Gilbert Imlay shaped her life and thought. Part of an article on Mary Wollstonecraft's life and writings. Page 3.

Mary Wollstonecraft - William Godwin - Untimely Death - Posthumous Writings
Mary Wollstonecraft: her love affair with and marriage to William Godwin, her daughter's birth and her untimely death -- and what happened to her reputation after her death. Part of an article on Mary Wollstonecraft, author of A Vindication of the Rights of Woman -- her life and writings. Page 4.

Mary Wollstonecraft - Conclusions About Her Life and Writing - A Vindication of the Rights of Woman - Feminism
Mary Wollstonecraft: some conclusions about her life and writings and how they intertwine. Part of an article about Mary Wollstonecraft's life and writings, with special focus on interpreting her famous work, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman. Page 5.

Consanguinity and Medieval Marriages
In medieval Europe, marriages were limited to couples who were not closely related to one another. How close was forbidden varied from time to time, and one could often get a papal dispensation to marry even within the forbidden degrees.

Lilith in Ancient Sources
Lilith, mentioned in the Bible, may also have been a figure known to the Sumericans and Babylonians. Who was Lilith and what do the ancient sources say about her story?

Books About African American Women and Feminist Theory
Many Black feminists responded to the women's liberation movement with writings about their unique experiences and ideas on how feminism was different for women of color. Here is a list of five important books about African-American feminism.

Margaret Pole, Tudor Matriarch and Martyr
Margaret Pole, daughter of disgraced brother of Edward IV and Richard III, was the mother of Roman Catholic cleric Reginald Pole. Margaret found first favor under Henry VII and Henry VIII, then disfavor and a horrible end.

Equal Opportunity in Employment – Goals of the NOW Task Force
How do women achieve equal opportunity in employment? A look at the 1967 goals of the feminist NOW Task Force on Equal Opportunity in Employment.

The Casket Letters - Mary Queen of Scots
A description of the casket letters which helped make the case that Mary Queen of Scots had participated in the murder of her husband, Darnley. But are they legitimate?

Hannah Adams
The first woman in America to make her living as a writer, Hannah Adams was friends with many other influential women in colonial and early federal America. She also wrote a pioneering history of religions.

Nefertiti -- Books and Videos About Egypt's Famous Queen
Recommended books and videos to learn more about Egypt's Nefertiti, whose image of classical beauty is one of the most famous artifacts of history.

Sojourner Truth - Net Links
Resources on Sojourner Truth: abolitionist, preacher, nurse, women's rights advocate. Includes work by and about Sojourner Truth.

Peace of the Ladies - Treaty of Cambrai
It was called the Peace of the Ladies or Paix des Dames. What was this treaty and why did it get that interesting name?

History of Women's Basketball in America (1891-Present)
The history of women's basketball is as old as the history of basketball -- here's a timeline to see the long path of women's achievements in basketball.

Equal Pay Act - 1963
Did all women support the Equal Pay Act of 1963? Find out why some workers and union leaders didn't, and what the feminist arguments for it were, as represented by Caroline Davis.

Ethel Rosenberg: Executed for Espionage in the Cold War
Was Ethel Rosenberg convicted fairly of conspiracy to commit espionage, or was she the victim of anti-communist hysteria, and maybe anti-Semitism as well?

Families at the Morgue - Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire
After the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire, leaving the temporary morgue after identifying a body. Page 11.

Triangle Shirtwaist Factory after the Fire
Photograph of the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory after the March, 1911, fire. Page 7.

Broken Pavement - Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire
A section of pavement below the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, broken by a falling body. Page 6.

Fire Escape After the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire
Fire escape outside the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory after the March, 1911, fire. Page 3.

Firefighters at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire
Firefighters putting out the last of the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire. Page 2.

Morgue at Charities Pier - Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire
Identifying bodies at the morgue, after the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire. Page 9.

Morgue - Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire
Identifying bodies at the morgue, after the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire. Page 10.

Officers with Bodies - Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire
Police officers with bodies, after the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire, March, 1911. Page 5.

Ruins After the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire
Ruins After the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire. Page 8.

Sidewalk After the Triangle Fire
Sidewalk outside the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory after the March 1911 fire. Page 4.

Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Building
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory building, New York City.

Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire - Picture Gallery
Pictures of the aftermath of the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire, March, 1911, in New York City.

Emma of Normandy: Twice Queen Consort of England
Emma of Normandy was a key figure in the era when Viking kings, including Cnut, challenged the Anglo Saxon house of Wessex. She married first an Anglo Saxon king then Cnut, and their sons contended for the crown in England, Denmark and Norway.

Adrienne Rich - 1991
Photograph of Adrienne Rich, 1991.

Gloria Steinem - Feminist and Editor
Biography of Gloria Steinem: learn about the life and background of feminist Gloria Steinem.

Sheila Tobias - Author and Feminist
Read about Sheila Tobias' life and work. Learn about Sheila Tobias and her books on higher education and women in math and science.

Pocahontas Saves Captain John Smith - Fact or Fiction?
It's one of the best-known stories in American history: Indian princess throws herself on captive John Smith to save him from her father's order of execution. But is the story true?

World War II - Women and the Military
Women served in many positions in the military during World War II. Here are some of the ways women served.

1912 Lawrence Textile Strike
Story of the 1912 Lawrence Textile Strike, sometimes called the Bread and Roses strike, in Lawrence, Massachusetts, key to an IWW victory and winning better wages and working conditions for women.

Hatshepsut's History: The Trouble with Titles
Why didn't the Egyptian female ruler Hatshepsut rule with the title of queen or regent -- why did she take the title of king?

Hatshepsut Lost and Found - from Death to Today
A history of how history forget, then remembered, story of Hatshepsut, female pharaoh of Egypt.

How Did Hatshepsut Die?
Was she killed by her stepson, her nephew and heir? Or did she die of natural causes? If so, of what? What do we know about Egyptian Pharaoh Hatshepsut's cause of death?

Why Did Hatshepsut Become King?
Why did the female Pharaoh become king of Egypt? Why didn't she just rule as a regent and queen as some of her predecessors did?

Dates for Hatshepsut
When did Hatshepsut live and rule? The dates for this woman pharaoh are not that easy to pin down. Here are some of the best guesses.

Hatshepsut Biographies
Biographies of the woman pharaoh, Hatshepsut.

Lucrezia Borgia Timeline
Want to be clear when the various events of Lucrezia Borgia's life happened, including events in her family? Here's a timeline of the turning points in her life and her family's lives.

Countdown to Ratify the ERA Before the Deadline
The Equal Rights Amendment(ERA)deadline led to political debate, protests and a fight for ratification. Would enough states ratify in time, or would the ERA deadline be extended beyond the 1970s?

Ladies on Wheels About 1910
Women on bicycles, about 1910. Women's History. Page 4.

Danish Woman Gymnast Picture - 1908 London Olympics
A picture of a Danish woman gymnast exercising at the 1908 Summer Olympics in London, England.

Dara Torres Picture - 1992 Barcelona Olympics
A photo of Dara Torres and two of her teammates reacting as they win the gold medal in the Women's 4x100 Freestyle Relay in Barcelona. Page 55.

Gabrielle Douglas - 2012 London Olympics Women's Gymastics
Gabrielle Douglas, known as Gabby, became the first African American woman to win an individual gold medal in all-around artistic gymnastics. Page 67.

Hedwiga Wajsowna - Discus Thrower at 1936 Berlin Olympics
Hedwiga Wajsowna throws the discus at the Summer Olympics in Berlin, 1936. Page 13.

Fanny Blankers-Koen Edges Out Maureen Gardner at 1948 London Olympics
Fanny-Blankers Koen in the finals of the 80m hurdles at the 1948 London Olympics. Page 14.

Larissa Latynina Picture
Larissa Latynina is shown here at the 1960 Rome Olympics. Page 17.

Larissa Latynina Picture: 1964 Olympics
Larissa Latynina is shown here at the 1964 Tokyo Olympics. Page 18.

Queenie Newall - 1908 London Olympics
A photo of Queenie Newall at the 1908 Summer Olympics in London -- the oldest female gold medal winner on record. Page 3.

Norwegian Women Gymnasts Picture - 1908 London Olympics
Norwegian women gymnasts: in this picture, they're shown performing in unison at the 1908 London Olympics. Page 2.

Babe Didriksen Picture - 1932
A photo of Babe Didrikson training before the 1932 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles. Page 9.

Joan Benoit Picture - 1984 Los Angeles Olympics
A photo of Joan Benoit on the victory stand after winning the Women's Marathon at the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles. Page 33.

Dara Torres Picture - 2000 Sydney Olympics
A photo of Dara Torres and her teammates biting their gold medals after winning the Women's 4x100 Freestyle Relay. Page 58.

Dara Torres Picture - 2008 Beijing Olympics
A photo of Dara Torres congratulating Britta Steffan of Germany after Steffan won the gold medal and Torres won the silver in the Women's 50m Freestyle. Page 63.

Ethel Catherwood Picture - 1928 Amsterdam Olympics
A photo of Ethel Catherwood competing in the high jump at the 1928 Summer Olympics in Amsterdam -- on her way to the gold medal. Page 8.

Helene Mayer Picture - 1928 Amsterdam Olympics
A photo of Helene Mayer fencing at the 1928 Summer Olympics in Amsterdam -- on her way to the gold medal. Page 7.

Jean Shirley Picture - 1932 Los Angeles Olympics
A photo of Jean Shirley clearing the bar at 5' 5-1/4

Women and Bicycling Picture Gallery
A picture gallery depicting women on bicycles, showing the different costumes considered acceptable in the early days of women's bicycle riding.

Pictures of Women at the Olympics - Famous Women Summer Olympians
A gallery of memorable images from the summer Olympics, featuring women athletes.

Pictures of Women at the Olympics - Famous Women Summer Olympians
A gallery of memorable images from the summer Olympics, featuring women athletes.

Pictures of Women at the Olympics - Famous Women Summer Olympians
A gallery of memorable images from the summer Olympics, featuring women athletes.

Pictures of Women at the Olympics - Famous Women Summer Olympians
A gallery of memorable images from the summer Olympics, featuring women athletes.

Pictures of Women at the Olympics - Famous Women Summer Olympians
A gallery of memorable images from the summer Olympics, featuring women athletes.

Pictures of Women at the Olympics - Famous Women Summer Olympians
A gallery of memorable images from the summer Olympics, featuring women athletes.

Queen Christina of Sweden Image Gallery
An image gallery of Queen Christina of Sweden.

Clara Barton Picture Gallery
Pictures of Clara Barton, nursing history pioneer and founder of the American Red Cross.

Julia Child's Kitchen - Photo of Julia Child in Her Kitchen
Photograph of Julia Child in her kitchen, about 1985. Page 5.

Lynette Woodard - Women's Basketball Star
Images of Lynette Woodard, women's basketball star and pioneer.

Mother Jones Pictures - Photographs of Labor Leader Mother Jones
Pictures of Mother Jones (Mary Harris Jones), labor leader and activist.

Self Portraits by Women Artists - Paintings by Women Artists Depicting Themselves
An image gallery of paintings of women artists depicting themselves in self portraits.

Julia Child's Kitchen - Photos of Julia Child's Kitchen at Smithsonian National Museum of American History
A picture gallery, photographs of Julia Child's kitchen at the Smithsonian National Museum of American History.

Mary Travers Picture Gallery
A gallery of images of Mary Travers in the years shortly before she died.

Pictures of Nancy Kerrigan - Womens Figure Skating Champion
Pictures of Nancy Kerrigan, Olympic figure skating champion.

Pictures of Nancy Kerrigan - Womens Figure Skating Champion
Pictures of Nancy Kerrigan, Olympic figure skating champion.

Pictures of Nancy Kerrigan - Womens Figure Skating Champion
Pictures of Nancy Kerrigan, Olympic figure skating champion.

Maria Mitchell Picture Gallery - Images of Maria Mitchell
Maria Mitchell picture gallery includes images of Maria Mitchell, her laboratory, and her telescope.

Margaret Bourke-White Picture Gallery
Margaret Bourke-White pictures: photographs by Margaret Bourke-White and portraits of Margaret Bourke-White, 20th century photographer.

Bonnie Blair Pictures - Champion Speed Skater
A gallery of images of Bonnie Blair, Olympic medalist in speed skating.

Michelle Kwan Pictures - Images of Michelle Kwan Women's Olympic Figure Skating Champion
Pictures of Michelle Kwan, popular figure skating champion in the 1990s and 2000s.

Michelle Kwan Pictures - Images of Michelle Kwan Women's Olympic Figure Skating Champion
Pictures of Michelle Kwan, popular figure skating champion in the 1990s and 2000s.

Sappho of Lesbos Picture Gallery
An image gallery showing how the ancient Greek poet, Sappho of Lesbos, has been depicted through the ages.

Sappho of Lesbos Picture Gallery
An image gallery showing how the ancient Greek poet, Sappho of Lesbos, has been depicted through the ages.

Eliza Haywood
Eliza Haywood was a prolific 18th century writer. An actress whose plays were produced on stage in Dublin and London, she wrote novels, essays, poems and political satire, and often addressed themes of women's lives. She also wrote and published the first magazine written by a woman for women.

Brutal Treatment of Women Suffragists at Occoquan Workhouse
After woman suffrage militants were arrested outside the White House for their pro-vote protest, many were subjected to brutal treatment at Occoquan Workhouse in 1917.

Mary Osgood
Mary Osgood was the wife of a well-off farmer in Andover, and was one of a group of women from Andover caught up in the accusations of witchcraft in September, 1692.

Elizabeth Johnson Sr.
Elizabeth Johnson Sr. was in the middle of a large extended family of accused witches: three of her children were also accused, as was her sister, two of her sister's children, and the wife of her brother. Could they have been targeted her father, a noted witchcraft skeptic? Or was it that Elizabeth was a single mother, and vulnerable?

Matilda of Tuscany
Matilda of Tuscany was the most powerful woman in Italy of her time, and arguably the most powerful woman in Europe. She was a key player in the wars between the Holy Roman Emperor and the Pope, and sometimes went into battle at the head of her own army, fully armored.

Royal Weddings - Diana and Charles Wedding Cake
Wedding cake and cooks for the wedding of Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer in 1981. Page 2.

Princess Diana Wedding Dress Sketch
Sketch of Princess Diana's 1981 wedding dress designed by Elizabeth Emanuel.

Royal Wedding - Prince and Princess of Wales 1981
Charles and Diana leave St Paul's Cathedral after their 1981 wedding. Page 10.

Royal Wedding - Charles and Diana in St Paul's Cathedral 1981
Wedding of Charles and Diana, 1981, in St Paul's Cathedral, London. Page 7.

Royal Wedding - Princess Diana in Wedding Dress
Princess Diana formal portrait in her wedding dress, July 29, 1981. Page 14.

Royal Wedding - Diana and Charles Wedding, 1981
Prince and Princess of Wales leave St Paul's Cathedral after their wedding, 1981. Page 9.

Royal Wedding - Diana and Her Father at Wedding of Diana and Charles, 1981
Lady Diana Spencer enters St Paul's Cathedral with her father, John Spencer. Guests shown include Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and her husband Denis Thatcher. Page 5.

Royal Wedding - Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer, 1981
Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer after their wedding ceremony at St Paul's Cathedral, July 29, 1981. Page 8.

Royal Wedding - Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer, 1981
From the wedding of Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer in 1981, with other members of the royal family. Page 6.

African Queens: Women Who Ruled in Africa
No, not the movie African Queen ... but two real women who led their people in military campaigns in the 16th and 17th centuries: Amina (1533-1600), queen of

Martha Washington Image
Portrait of Martha Washington, First Lady of the United States, part of a collection of pictures of Martha Washington.

Martha Washington Picture - Detail from Family portrait, 1780
Picture of Martha Washington, First Lady of the United States. Page 4.

Founding Mothers: Women and American Independence
Founding mothers: these women were typical of a variety of roles that American women played in the independence of America and the first few years of the new Republic.

Minerva Guiding Science
Minerva is here depicted guiding the personification of science, as Mercury carries science around the world.

Gloria Steinem in 1971: No Roles Not Chosen or Earned
On July 10, 1971, Gloria Steinem, founder of Ms.Magazine, addressed the first national meeting of the new organization, the National Women's Political Caucus (NWPC), created to elect more women to public office and to work politically to promote the agenda of the women's movement.

Important Feminism Events of 1968
A look at the history of feminism in 1968. What were some of the important events of feminism in 1968?

Important Feminism Events of 1962
What were the important events of feminism in 1962? A look at some historical events related to U.S. feminism in 1962.

Important Feminism Events of 1966
A look at feminism in 1966. What were some important women's history events related to feminism in 1966?

Important Feminism Events of 1976
A look at the history of feminism in 1976. What was happening with U.S. feminism in the country's bicentennial year?

Important Feminism Events of 1977
Significant events related to U.S. feminism in 1977. Take a look at feminist history with this list of 1977 events.

Important Feminism Events of 1972
A look at the history of feminism in 1972. What were some of the important events of feminism in 1972?

Important Feminism Events of 1961
A look at important events of feminism in 1961. What were the historical events that related to or affected U.S. feminism in 1961?

Important Feminism Events of 1963
A look at important events of feminism in 1963. What were the historical events that related to or affected U.S. feminism in 1963.

Important Feminism Events of 1969
A look at the history of feminism in 1969. What were some of the important events of feminism in 1969?

Feminism in "The Dick Van Dyke Show"
Was there any feminism in The Dick Van Dyke Show? The smart, funny, realistic characters reveal hints of feminism in The Dick Van Dyke Show, where women are viewed as human beings instead of stereotypes, at least some of the time.

Gloria Steinem's Outrageous Acts and Everyday Rebellions
Outrageous Acts and Everyday Rebellions is a feminist classic. Many of Gloria Steinem's most famous essays are gathered in the book Outrageous Acts and Everyday Rebellions.

Intermediate Scrutiny (Judicial Review Standard)
What is intermediate scrutiny? Read about intermediate scrutiny, the standard of judicial review used for gender-based classifications.

Notable Women Who Died in 2006
Notable women who died in 2006: obituaries of women who died in 2006.

Notable Women Who Died in 2006
Notable women who died in 2006: obituaries of women who died in 2006.

Notable Women Who Died in 2006
Notable women who died in 2006: obituaries of women who died in 2006.

Notable Women Who Died in 2006
Notable women who died in 2006: obituaries of women who died in 2006.

Notable Women Who Died in 2006
Notable women who died in 2006: obituaries of women who died in 2006.

Notable Women Who Died in 2006
Notable women who died in 2006: obituaries of women who died in 2006.

Notable Women Who Died in 2006
Notable women who died in 2006: obituaries of women who died in 2006.

Notable Women Who Died in 2006
Notable women who died in 2006: obituaries of women who died in 2006.

Notable Women Who Died in 2006
Notable women who died in 2006: obituaries of women who died in 2006.

Notable Women Who Died in 2006
Notable women who died in 2006: obituaries of women who died in 2006.

Sewing Class, 1928: Image
Sewing class, 1928: photograph from Aiken summer school, Chicago, Illinois.

Caroline Herschel Portrait (Astronomer)
Portrait of astronomer Caroline Herschel, painted 1829, by the Belgian artist Tielemans.

Joan Benoit - Hall of Fame - 2008
A photo of Joan Benoit Samuelson arriving for her induction into the US Olympic Hall of Fame in Chicago in 2008.

Emma Goldman Picture - With Alexander Berkman, About 1917
Emma Goldman and Alexander Berkman were photographed about 1917.

Emma Goldman by Carl Van Vechten
Noted photographer Carl Van Vechten took this photo of Emma Goldman in 1934.

Members of Salem Village Church
Just a little more than two years before the outbreak of the events we now call the Salem witch trials, the Salem Village church organized formally. Here is the list of members -- some of whom went on to play important parts in the Salem witch trials.

About Sofia Kovalevskaya
Sofia Kovalevskaya biography: profile of Sofia Kovalevskaya, 19th century mathematician.

Sex Object Definition - Feminism Glossary
What is a sex object? Read this definition to learn what it means to view someone as a sex object.

Griswold v. Connecticut - Prelude to Roe v. Wade
Griswold v. Connecticut was important to feminism. Find out how Griswold v. Connecticut supported women, birth control, marital privacy and Roe v. Wade.

Of Woman Born: Motherhood as Experience and Institution
Adrienne Rich examines motherhood in Of Woman Born: Motherhood as Experience and Institution.

About the Women's Trade Union League (WTUL)
In the early 20th century, labor union organizers and wealthy supporters joined together to support women's unions and to improve working conditions for women.

Karen DeCrow: Influential Lawyer, Feminist Leader
Karen DeCrow was president of NOW from 1974-1977. Read about her 1970s activism and lifelong work devoted to equality, feminism and civil liberties.

Women's Equal Rights and Responsibilities as Citizens
How and when would women gain equal rights and responsibilities in American politics? The NOW legal and political rights task force envisioned women's full participation as citizens with equal rights and responsibilities.

17th Century Women Artists: Renaissance and Baroque
A list of women artists in Europe in the seventeenth century.

17th Century Women Artists: Renaissance and Baroque
A list of women artists in Europe in the seventeenth century.

Women Artists of the 16th Century: Renaissance/Baroque
A list of women artists in Europe in the sixteenth century.

Women Artists of the 16th Century: Renaissance/Baroque
A list of women artists in Europe in the sixteenth century.

Craig v. Boren - Intermediate Scrutiny Case
The 1976 Supreme Court decision in Craig v. Boren established the intermediate scrutiny standard of review.

Margaret Jones - Executed for Witchcraft, 1648
In 1648, Margaret Jones was the first person executed for witchcraft by the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Find out the background, and some interesting connections to the Salem witch trials of 1692.

Spectral Evidence - Salem Witch Trials Glossary
Spectral evidence defined as part of a glossary on the Salem Witch trials of 17th century Massachusetts.

Tituba's Race - Black, Indian, Mixed?
Was the slave Tituba black, from African heritage? Native American? Of mixed race?

Comparable Worth (Equal Pay for Work of Comparable Value)
Brief history and description of the concept of comparable worth: equal pay for work of equal value. From Jone Johnson Lewis.

The Significance of Kate Millett's Sexual Politics
Description of Sexual Politics by Kate Millett. Read about Kate Millett's revolutionary 1970 work of feminist theory and the response to the controversial Sexual Politics.

Highlights of Late 19th Century Women's Labor Organizing
In the late 19th century, a growing number of groups organized to work for higher wages and better working conditions for women workers.

The Dagenham Women’s Strike of 1968
The Dagenham women's strike of 1968 drew attention to the issue of equal pay in the U.K. Learn what prompted the Dagenham women's strike and read about their struggle for equality at the Ford Motor plant.

Review - A Doll's House - 1973 Production with Claire Bloom and Anthony Hopkins
Henrik Ibsen's play about a woman caught in a doll's house life -- and an impossible situation -- is an early exploration of woman's identity.

Medieval Women Writers
Here you'll discover some of the lesser-known as well as the better-known women medieval writers.

Medieval Women Writers
Here you'll discover some of the lesser-known as well as the better-known women medieval writers.

Medieval Women Writers
Here you'll discover some of the lesser-known as well as the better-known women medieval writers.

How Women Became Part of the Civil Rights Act: Title VII
Was

De-Sexing the English Language - Ms. Article


States and the Equal Rights Amendment
Frequently asked questions about states and the Equal Rights Amendment. This Equal Rights Amendment FAQ answers questions about 1970s ERA ratification, the fifty states and the Equal Rights Amendment.

Lilith Magazine - Jewish Feminist Magazine
A profile of Lilith Magazine, one in a series of profiles of historical women's magazines, newspapers, and journals.

Feminism and the Nuclear Family - Why Is the Concept Important?
Studying the concept of the nuclear family is important to feminist theory. An overview of the rise of the nuclear family and its relevance to feminism.

Steamed Suet Pudding - 1894 Style
A recipe for steamed suet pudding, originally published in 1894.

Florence Nightingale on Women's Rights
An excerpt from Florence Nightingale's writing, as she addresses the issue of women's rights.

Singer Nina Simone: Biography and Discography
Nina Simone biography with a discography and further resources.

Ecofeminism
What is ecofeminism? The philosophy of ecofeminism connects the oppression of women and of nature.

Politicos - What Did Feminists Mean by the Term?
Who were the feminist politicos? Some radical feminists used the term

Carol Hanisch, Feminist Critical Thinker
Profile of Carol Hanisch and her work as a feminist. Learn about Carol Hanisch's activism, ideas, work, and publications.

Abortion on Demand: A Second Wave Feminist Demand
Feminists advocate for reproductive freedom for women, including abortion on demand, a rallying cry in the 1970s.

Cultural Feminism
A definition and description of cultural feminism, in the context of women's history.

Women and World War II - Comfort Women
During World War II, comfort women served the Japanese military sexually. While the Japanese government disclaims responsibility, many or most of the women were forced into this service.

Feminist Poetry Movement of the 1960s
Defining and describing the feminist poetry movement of the 1960s and later: where it came from, who was involved, and what their goals were.

Court of Oyer and Terminer - Salem Witch Trials Glossary
Court of Oyer and Terminer defined as part of a glossary on the Salem Witch trials of 17th century Massachusetts.

Key African American Women in Sports
Women and African Americans have been shut out of many sports: here are pioneers who broke the race or sex barrier in their sports, or whose excellence in sports warrants recognition.

2012 Readers' Choice Awards for Women's History
Here are the categories for the 2012 Readers' Choice Awards for Women's History. After January 18, 2012 you can nominate your favorites in the specified categories. After March 30, 2012, you can see the winners.

Women's History Themes
Looking for a theme for women's history month? Or any time you want to honor women's contributions in your classroom, library, workplace, club or elsewhere? Here are some suggestions.

Helena Blavatsky
Helena Blavatsky biography: Learn about the Theosophist founder whose leadership and writing continued to be accepted even after published accusations of fraud.

List of Feminist Poets
Feminist poets are a strong voice in contemporary poetry. This list of feminist poets includes women who wrote during the 1960s and 1970s, many of whom are still working today.

List of Feminist Poets
Feminist poets are a strong voice in contemporary poetry. This list of feminist poets includes women who wrote during the 1960s and 1970s, many of whom are still working today.

10 Books about Ecofeminism: Feminist Environmental Justice
How to find out more about ecofeminist perspectives: a list of 10 books about ecofeminism.

A Year of Feminist Books
Dive into the feminist classics with this month-by-month schedule for a year of feminist reading.

The 1978 ERA State of Emergency
In 1978, with time running out for the deadline by Congress to pass the Equal Rights Amendment, it was time to commit all resources to passing the ERA by declaring a state of emergency.

Myths of Women's History: Betsy Ross and the First Flag
Betsy Ross didn't make the first American flag, so why keep telling a false story?

Women of the Summer Olympics - Picture Gallery
Key women athletes who've made their mark at a summer Olympics.

Women of the Summer Olympics - Picture Gallery
Key women athletes who've made their mark at a summer Olympics.

March 14 - Today in Women's History
March 14 - birthdates of notable women and other important events, plus quote for the day

March 18 - Today in Women's History
March 18 - birthdates of notable women and other important events, plus quote for the day

March 28 - Today in Women's History
March 28 - birthdates of notable women and other important events, plus quote for the day

The Princess Louise, Princess Royal and Duchess of Fife
Princess Louise, also known as Princess Royal and Duchess of Fife, was the eldest daughter of King Edward VII. She had no surviving male offspring, and any direct-line male offspring of her daughters were counted in the royal succession.

Dorothy Dandridge
Dorothy Dandridge was nominated for an Academy Award as Best Actress for her role in Carmen Jones, the first African American woman to be nominated for an Oscar for a leading role. Limits on film roles and her family struggles led to a downward spiral and her tragic death at age 42.

Margaret Thatcher
Margaret Thatcher's radical economic policies in the 1980s made her a conservative world leader and a highly controversial prime minister.

When Was 'The Second Sex' Published?
When was the publication of 'The Second Sex' by Simone de Beauvoir? The publication of 'The Second Sex' in France and the United States had an impact on the development of feminism in both countries.

Review: American Girl World Books
A review of the American Girl Series, Welcome to ...'s World.

Encomium Emmae Reginae
Queen Emma of Normandy commissioned this book in praise of her husband, her husband's father and her sons, all rulers of England -- and most especially, highlighting her own role in English royal history.

National Black Feminist Organization (NBFO)
The National Black Feminist Organization, founded to raise the visibility of black women in both the Women's Liberation Movement and the Black Liberation Movement, was founded in 1973. What happened to it? Why did it not succeed well?

What Is the Legal Status of the First Lady?
The First Lady is the wife of the United States President. Does she have any special legal status?

Emma Goldman Quotes
Quotations from Emma Goldman, a Russian and American anarchist and feminist who wrote on birth control, marriage and many political issues.

A Review of Double Jeopardy: to Be Black and Female
Frances M. Beal's 1969 essay

Objectification - Feminism Glossary Definition of Objectification
What is objectification? Explore what it means to objectify someone in this feminism glossary definition of objectification.

Poetry in Audre Lorde's Coal
Audre Lorde's book 'Coal' was a continued exploration of Audre Lorde's black feminist identity.

The 1972 Equal Rights Amendment - Why the 1972 ERA Was Not Radical or New
Was the 1972 Equal Rights Amendment radical, or new? Why did opponents call the 1972 ERA dangerous? Learn more about the history of the