Women's History Sitemap - Page 3 2016-09-26
10 Best-Loved American Women Poets
Learn more about ten key American women poets who have been popular in their day or after, even if not necessarily lauded by the critics.
A Look at Feminist Utopia and Dystopia Literature
Feminist utopia and dystopia novels can be imaginative, visionary or even frightening. Explore the significance of feminist utopia/dystopia in science fiction.
Feminist Writer Marge Piercy
Profile of Marge Piercy, feminist novelist, poet, memoirist and activist. She often expressed her feminism through her poetry.
Quotes from Sylvia Plath, Poet and Writer
Quotes by Sylvia Plath, the emotional poet who wrote the autobiographical The Bell Jar. Her words about life and work reflect her angst and depression.
Adrienne Rich - Feminist and Political Poet
Adrienne Rich was an internationally recognized, award-winning poet. Read about the background and feminist activism of Adrienne Rich.
Witch Cake or Witch's Cake: Salem Witch Trials Glossary
A Witch Cake or Witch's Cake played a key role in the accusations of witchcraft in the Salem Witch trials of 17th century Massachusetts.
Biography of Lady Bird Johnson, First Lady
A profile of Lady Bird Johnson, US First Lady 1963-1969, who was known for her work in her White House Years and later for beautification.
Books About Catherine of Aragon: Historical Fact
Histories of or including Catherine of Aragon, first queen consort of Henry VIII of England. Not included: historical fiction.
Catherine of Aragon - Early Life and First Marriage
Catherine of Aragon, daughter of Isabella and Ferdinand of Castile and Aragon, was first used in a marriage alliance with England's Prince Arthur.
Catherine of Aragon - Marriage to Henry VIII
Catherine of Aragon's marriage to Henry VIII was, for some years, satisfactory to both -- other than the failure of Catherine to produce a male heir.
Women in the Tudor Dynasty - Sisters of Henry VIII
Women of the Tudor dynasty included the two fascinating sisters of Henry VIII, Margaret and Mary, themselves ancestors of some interesting women of history. Page 2.
Women in the Tudor Dynasty - Heirs of Henry VIII
Heirs of Henry VIII included Edward VI, Mary I and Elizabeth I, with a brief claim to the throne by Lady Jane Grey, and after them James VI whose mother was Mary, Queen of Scots, and whose descent was through Henry VIII's sister Margaret Tudor. Page 4.
Women and Henry VIII: Ancestors
Would Henry VIII be nearly so fascinating if he didn't have so many fascinating female connections -- not only wives, but daughters, sisters, ancestors, and others?
Women in the Tudor Dynasty - Wives of Henry VIII
The six wives of Henry VIII were colorful figures: Catherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Anne of Cleves, Catherine Howard, Catherine Parr. Page 3.
Sonia Sotomayor: US Supreme Court Justice
Read about Sonia Sotomayor, first Hispanic justice to serve on the United States Supreme Court. She was nominated in 2009 by President Barack Obama.
Rachel Carson Quotes on the Environment
Quotes by Rachel Carson, environmental pioneer who raised the alarm about the effect of pesticides.
Catherine of Aragon - the King's Great Matter
The King's Great Matter, Henry VIII's pursuit of a divorce from Catherine of Aragon, led to the founding of the Church of England.
Women's Suffrage - British - Winning the Vote in England, Scotland - Suffrage in Great Britain
British women's suffrage: English and Scottish women struggle for the right to vote.
Winning the Vote for Women Around the World - Timeline
When did various countries around the world extend the right to vote (and hold public office) to women on the same basis as men?
Famous Women of Hispanic Heritage
Some famous Hispanic women, highlighting a few of the Hispanic women who've made contributions to history.
Celebrating Women's History Month: Ideas
A baker's dozen ideas for celebrating women's history month, from Jone Johnson Lewis, Women's History Expert for About.com.
What Is the Feminine Mystique?
Read about what Betty Friedan described in her 1963 bestseller: the definition of the feminine mystique that crafted a limited feminine
What Is the Problem That Has No Name?
Read about what Betty Friedan identified as the problem that has no name, and the solutions offered in her 1963 bestseller 'The Feminine Mystique.'
Lady Bird Johnson Quotes
Quotes by Lady Bird Johnson, Lyndon Johnson's First Lady, and promoter of beautification projects.
Abortion and Reproductive Rights History
Reproductive rights: Resources for studying the history of abortion and the controversy about abortion, from many perspectives including pro-choice and pro-life. Also information on birth control and contraception history.
Social Reform and Women
Issues important in women's history: abortion rights, peace and pacifism, economic equality, temperance and prohibition, and more.
Abortion History: The Law and Legal Issues
Links to resources on the history of abortion, especially the legal issues and the history of the development of abortion law.
History of Abortion Controversy in the U.S
A history of how the abortion controversy has evolved in the United States. When did abortion first become illegal? What was the effect of Roe v. Wade?
Socialist Feminism vs. Other Types of Feminism
How is socialist feminism different from other types of feminism? Is it the same as radical feminism? Socialist feminism is a branch of feminist theory that includes economic justice.
Patriarchal Society: Defined According to Feminism
Definition of patriarchal society. What do feminists mean when they refer to a patriarchal society? What is a feminist theory of patriarchy?
Annie Besant: Minister's Wife to Atheist to Theosophist
Annie Besant lived her
Women's History Biographies - Alphabetical Index
Index to famous women of history and some notable women you might want to learn more about. Find biographies of women here.
Biographies of Notable Women
Biographies of famous women, and some not-so-famous, with links to etexts, more resources and a calendar.
Women Nobel Laureates - Women Who've Won Nobel Prizes
The Nobel Prize honors scientists, writers, and peace workers for their achievements. While most Nobel Prizes have been awarded to men, some women are among the Nobel laureates as well. Find them here.
Women and War: Top Books on Women in the Military
In today's military, women are serving more and more in combat roles. How new are these roles? Here are a few books that document an often-ignored part of women's history.
Women in Islamic Law and Culture: Books to Inform
Some recommendations for reading about the role of women in the Middle East, using history to suggest some direction for the future.
Most Popular Biographies on This Site
A list of the popular biographies of notable women on the About Women's History site. Who are readers most interested in?
Recommended Books on Women Explorers
Recommended books on women explorers -- women who flouted convention to travel to the corners of the earth -- and some into space, or even into the realm of new ideas.
Mary Wollstonecraft - Quotes From an Early Feminist
Quotes by Mary Wollstonecraft - part of an extensive collection of quotations by notable women.
Abigail Adams Quotes: Words on Politics and Life
Quotes by Abigail Adams, wife of American founding father John Adams. She largely ran the family farm and business while he was away doing politcs.
Bernadette Devlin McAliskey - Irish Political Activist
Bernadette Devlin, fiery socialist Catholic from Northern Ireland, was the youngest woman elected to Parliament.
Queen Victoria - Victoria Proposes to Albert - Eminent Women of the Age
Queen Victoria proposes to her cousin Albert, leading to their happy marriage. From a biography of Queen Victoria, written by James Parton, originally published in 1868.
Actresses - Film - Stage - Television
Actresses who were pioneers in their careers on stage, in film and on television. Whether on Broadway or in Hollywood, their contributions are worth honoring.
Women of Black History: More than 70 You Should Know
Find biographies about and quotations from some of the most notable black women in American history.
Cicely Tyson Quotes on Life, Acting and More
Quotes from actress Cicely Tyson, who often chose her roles to challenge existing stereotypes about African American women.
Marguerite Duras: French Writer and Filmmaker
A biography of Marguerite Duras, a French writer and filmmaker who was nominated for an Academy Award for an experimental film.
Poems of Ella Wheeler Wilcox: Poet of Her Time
Ella Wheeler Wilcox was a popular poet around the turn of the 19th to 20th century. She wrote emotional, even sentimental poetry, some lines of which are familiar today.
Kathryn's Stockett's The Help and 1960s Feminism
The book's main plot is about women telling their stories in a society that has long refused to hear their voices. Is 'The Help' a feminist novel?
Cleopatra: Woman of Power (Review of a Documentary)
Cleopatra was featured in a 1999 television treatment. What does this show, and other treatments of her life, say about Cleopatra and how we look at her in each time period?
Aimee Semple McPherson Quotes
Quotes by Aimee Semple McPherson, an evangelical preacher who was a pioneer of radio ministry. She's also known for a scandal where she claimed to have been kidnapped.
37 Quotes From American Writer Flannery O'Connor
Quotes by Flannery O'Connor - part of an extensive collection of quotations by notable women.
Important Feminism Events of 1973
A look at the history of feminism in 1973. What were some of the important events of feminism in 1973?
Battle Hymn of the Republic Words - First Published Version
Julia Ward Howe wrote the words to the Battle Hymn of the Republic. With a few changes, the Battle Hymn of the Republic words were published in the February, 1862, issue of The Atlantic Monthly. Here are those first published Battle Hymn of the Republic words.
First Lady Quotes
First Ladies of the United States have been quoted extensively. Here's a collection of some of what they're remembered for having said.
Julia Ward Howe - Battle Hymn of the Republic
Julia Ward Howe wrote the Battle Hymn of the Republic. Here's the story of how and when she wrote it.
Joan Baez, folksinger of Mexican, Scottish, and English descent, is known for her advocacy of peace and human rights.
Joan of Arc
Learn more about Joan of Arc, Maid of Orleans.
Medieval British Queens and Female Rulers
Women who were queen consorts or ruling queens in medieval British history.
Medieval Christianity and Women
Women in the medieval Christian church had many roles: saints, abbesses, religious, hermits, witches. Here are articles and links to explore the many roles of women, aspects of their lives, and the attitudes towards women in the Middle Ages.
Medieval Women Saints
Women saints in the medieval church - women who were canonized during the Middle Ages by the Roman Catholic or Orthodox Catholic church.
Salem Witch Trials, 1692: The People
Individuals involved in the Salem witch trials of 1692: accusers, accused, judges and others in Salem Village and the wider Puritan community. Includes biographies, testimony, petitions and other documents.
Accused Witches in the Salem Witch Trials
Who were the accused witches in the Salem witch trials? These resources include those who were executed, died in prison, found guilty but escaped punishment, found not guilty, etc.
Ministers of Salem - Massachusetts Puritan Clergy - Salem Witch Trials People
The Puritan clergymen of Massachusetts were key figures in leading up to, carrying out and then ending the Salem witch trials of 1692. Here are some resources to find out more about the ministers of Massachusetts who played roles in the events.
Elizabeth Woodville Index
Find articles on Elizabeth Woodville, queen of England and a center of controversy in her time.
Elizabeth of York Index
Find articles on Elizabeth of York, the first Tudor Queen.
About Charlotte Brontë: the eldest of the three Brontë sisters who were popular novelists in the early 19th century, all of whom died young of tuberculosis.
About Emily Brontë: novelist whose only surviving work, Wuthering Heights, became a classic.
Resources on Jane Addams, the woman who founded an early settlement house, Hull House, began the profession of social work, and won the Nobel Prize for Peace.
African American Women in the 20th Century: 1900-1949
Black women in the earlier 20th century, during a time of great social change. Includes the Harlem Renaissance, World War II, more.
Women in Air and Space - Astronauts, Pilots, and Others
Women proved their place in what had been men's worlds as they took to the skies -- in planes, later in space capsules, shuttles, and the space station. Some women astronomers helped chart the skies. Other women were key in supporting air and space adventures of humankind.
Americas - Women's History
Issues in women's history in North, Central and South America: Mexico, Canada, United States, etc.
Visual Arts and Artists
Art and artists in women's history -- notable contributions and achievements of women, plus ways in which art and artists have represented women in art through history.
Asian Women's History
Notable and ordinary women in Asia, including Afghanistan, Tibet, Korea, Nepal, Mongolia.
Christianity and Women's History
Women in the Christian Church, from the early church through today. Roman Catholicism and Protestantism including new 19th and 20th century denominations.
Historical cookbooks often shed light on the ordinary lives of women. Many cookbook authors were women. Cook books of history included directions for many household activities beyond the preparation of meals.
Early America: Colonial and Revolutionary Era Women
Notable women and women's contributions and roles in colonial and early America.
Europe - Women's History
Women's history in the countries of Europe, including issues in women's history in Europe.
American First Ladies -- Collective Information
First Ladies -- wives of heads of state, including US presidents and US governors. Also information about the role of the First Lady.
First Ladies - United States - By Individual
Women whose husbands were US presidents, plus official hostesses who served in the White House in lieu of a First Lady.
Julia Ward Howe
Julia Ward Howe - best known as the author of Battle Hymn of the Republic, she was also an abolitionist, an advocate for women's rights, an author, and, by the end of her life, one of America's best known women.
Medicine: Health - Doctors - Nurses - Midwives
Medicine and medical issues in women's history: a history of women in medicine and nursing, including pioneer women physicians and nurses, women's health issues through the ages, and discussions about how women have been viewed in medical history.
Medieval and Renaissance Queens, Empresses - Women Rulers
Women who ruled in medieval and renaissance times - queens, empresses, and others. Find biographies, etexts, some pictures, and links to even more resources for women rulers around the world.
Music: Women Composers, Performers
Resources for women in music: from the first female composer whose biography is known, to modern rock, folk and jazz pioneer performers.
Women in Folk Music - Female Singers and Songwriters
The women of folk music: singers and songwriters. Joan Baez, Judy Collins and more.
Queens and Female Rulers of the 19th Century
Queens and other female rulers of the 19th century - biographies and other resources on this site and on the Net.
Female Presidents - Woman Prime Ministers - Women Heads of State in the 20th Century
Female presidents and prime ministers: women as different as Corazon Aquino, Benazir Bhutto, Margaret Thatcher and Eva Peron.
Women Voting: About Women's Suffrage
Women's suffrage: Women's struggle for the right to vote. Find articles and biographies for more in-depth information on the long struggle to win women's suffrage. Suffragettes and suffragists who worked for women's suffrage, including Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, the Pankhursts, Mathilda Jocelyn Gage, and more.
Feminists - Famous Feminists
Biographies of and quotes from famous feminists, women who worked for women's rights.
Women's History in Pictures
Images of women's history, in art, photography and other media.
Women in Science
A history of women in science and technology, including scientists, mathematicians, inventors, physicians, nurses and more.
Women in the Ancient World
Women's role and contributions in the ancient world, including Anatolia, Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, Rome and Early Christianity.
Women in Business: Executives, Entrepreneurs
Discover more about women entrepreneurs, millionaires, other women in business and commerce.
Women in Education - Education and Women's History
History of women's education from kindergarten through university. Also includes profiles of women educators and curriculum and research resources including lesson plans and university syllabus resources.
Goddesses, Legends and Mythical Women
Resources for information on goddesses and legendary women: images, historical and contemporary writings, and other information on female divinity.
Women Inventors - Inventions by Women
Female inventors: women whose inventions have made a difference.
Daily Life: Family, Education
About women's everyday lives and status, in different eras. Recreation, education, social events, marriage, housekeeping, advice, etc. More in biographies and other subjects.
Marriage and Divorce Laws and Practice
Customs, practices and laws for marriage, courtship, divorce, wives and widows.
Men's Voices on Women's Issues
Men played active roles in women's history: for change and for traditional roles. Writings of men who spoke on women's issues.
Women Rulers, Politics, Laws
Women in the public sphere, active in politics, ruling nations. Includes women rulers and other politicians from ancient to modern times. Also includes laws about women's rights and roles.
Women who have served in public office: governors, senators, congressional representatives, prime ministers, presidents, cabinet members and others.
Women and Religion - Saints - Heretics - Goddesses - Ministers
Women and their role in religions of the world. From the ancient world to modern major religions. Saints, heretics, goddesses and ministers.
Teaching and Research Resources
Resources for students and researchers in women's history: From library collections to online journals, from the theory and practice of women's history to curriculum resources for teachers.
Rulers, Queens, Heads of State
Women Heads of State: Empresses, Queens, Presidents, Prime Ministers, and other leaders.
Settlement Houses and Social Work
On this page, find resources on settlement houses and their relationship to the development of the social work profession.
Women's History By Time Period
Find resources on women's history organized by time period. Ancient world, medieval/Renaissance, 19th and 20th centuries.
Women in Sports
Female athletes, the history of women's sports organizations, and the role of women in sports and athletics.
Women and Work
Work and Labor in Women's History: women in the workplace, definitions of women's work, and women's role and status in labor unions
Women's History by Place - Global Women's History - Women in World History
Women's history around the world: find women's history by geographical region and country.
Women's clothing in different periods both reflected and helped shape women's roles. Find out more about costumes and clothing in different eras.
Latinas/Chicanas in the US
Women of Hispanic background in the US. (Mexican, Puerto Rican, Latinas, Chicanas, etc.)
Recipes Tried and True, an 1894 Cookbook
The recipes in this collection are representative of cooking in America in the late 19th century, and the compilation of a cookbook shows the ways in which women were beginning to organize and act both within their traditional roles and outside of traditional expectations.
Alice Walker Index
Find resources on Alice Walker, author of The Color Purple, including a biography, quotations, and net links.
Susan B. Anthony Index
Susan B. Anthony, leading suffragist (suffragette) in America, helping win the vote for women. Articles, resources, biographies, writings, and more. Mother of the woman suffrage movement, and the woman on the dollar coin.
Gwendolyn Brooks (1917-2000) - African American woman poet - Pulitzer Prize winner
Gwendolyn Brooks (1917-2000), African American poet from Chicago, winner of a Pulitzer Prize in 1950, poet laureate of Illinois: inspired by Harlem Renaissance poet Paul Dunbar, her poems expressed everyday life in the inner city and often dealt with racial themes.
Carrie Chapman Catt Index
Carrie Chapman Catt was a key organizer in winning the vote for women in the United States. Find out more about her woman suffrage activism and other women's rights advocacy. Biography, writings, and other resources.
Emily Dickinson, American poet: an exhaustive list of resources you can find at the About.com Women's History website, from feature articles by the Guide to biographies and bibliographies to portraits and letters to the poems themselves.
Anne Frank: a young Dutch Jewish girl caught in the Holocaust and Nazi concentration camps. Includes information on The Diary of Anne Frank. Index to resources for understanding Anne Frank's life and writing, including biographies, context, media versions of her life.
George Eliot - 19th Century British Woman Writer
Mary Ann Evans, born 1819, took the name George Eliot as a writer. Her writings include
Emma Goldman - Rebel, Anarchist, Birth Control Pioneer
Emma Goldman was known as a rebel, an anarchist, an ardent proponent of birth control and free speech, a feminist, a lecturer and a writer.
Hatshepsut - Pharaoh of Egypt
Hatshepsut, Pharaoh of Egypt: resources for research and study.
Judith Sargent Murray - Index
An early American feminist writer who is nearly forgotten today, Judith Sargent Murray was convinced by her Universalist faith that women and men were equal souls.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton - Index
Elizabeth Cady Stanton, pioneer woman's rights and suffrage activist: biographies, writings, and other information.
United States - State and Local History
Sites honoring women of a state or women's history in that state: for instance, Texas, Tennessee, Wisconsin.
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Further information on the author of Uncle Tom's Cabin, American woman writer.
Queen Victoria Index
Queen Victoria of Great Britain: index to resources on this site and on the Net. Includes links to several 19th century biographies of Victoria.
Mary Wollstonecraft - Index
Mary Wollstonecraft, feminist writer, author of A Vindication of the Rights of Woman and other books. In her writings she often argues for wider educational opportunities for women.
Eleanor Roosevelt - Index
Wife of Franklin D. Roosevelt, thirty-second President of the United States. She served as First Lady from 1933 until FDR's death in 1945. She was actively involved in projects before, during and after her service at the White House.
Images of Women in Art
How women are portrayed in art tells much about the status and roles of women in society.
Women Artists: Individuals
Individual women artists: biographies and/or images of their works.
Women and Arts: Painting
Women and painting: painters, images of women in famous (and not so famous) paintings, and other resources on women in art.
Boston Marriage: Index
Boston marriage: marriage-like relationships among women in history.
British Women's History
British women's history: notable women. Biographies and other information on individual English, Scottish, Welsh and Irish women in history.
China and Women
China and women's history: more resources.
Early America: Individual Women of Colonial America
Profiles and biographies of individual women in early, colonial, and revolutionary America and the early days of the American republic.
Women Teachers and Educators
Women teachers and educators: women who made a contribution to the field of education.
Harlem Renaissance Women
Women who had active roles in the Harlem Renaissance, the literary and artistic movement in the early 20th century in America among African Americans.
Women Heads of State - 1900 to 1989
Female political leaders - including presidents and prime ministers - around the world who took office by the end of 1989. Links to biographies, news and more information for many of the women who've led their governments.
Women Heads of State - 1990-2000 - Presidents and Prime Ministers
Female political leaders - including presidents and prime ministers - around the world who took office from 1990 to 2000. Links to biographies, news and more information for many of the women who've led their governments.
Native American Women
Women's role and women leaders in Native American communities. Resources for reading and research. Includes notable Native American women, from Pocahontas and Sacagawea (Sacajawea) to Zitkala-Sa to Wilma Mankiller, and many more.
Nurses and Nursing
Nursing and nurses in women's history, including pioneer women nurses.
Feminist books -- both novels and non-fiction -- influenced and reflected the feminist movement. Read more about some of the key texts of feminism.
Michelle Obama - First Lady
Find out more about Michelle Obama, First Lady of the United States and wife of President Barack Obama.
Jane Addams on Race and Racial Justice
Jane Addams' work in an interracial community, and her involvement with the NAACP, led her to address issues of race, civil rights and racial justice.
Women's Suffrage Cartoons
Cartoons were used to support and oppose women's suffrage, and some of the anti-suffrage cartoons were mocking in tone, trying to depict how ridiculous the world would become if women could vote.
African American Women Writers - Index
African American women writers have provided insight into life for women and for African Americans since Phillis Wheatley in colonial America became the first published African American writer in what became the United States.
Women in Art: Sculpture
Women sculptors, women behind the monuments, and other links for women in art.
Women Pilots - Women in Aviation
Women in planes: record-breaking pilots in war and peace. Amelia Earhart, Bessie Coleman and more.
Women in the Cabinet - Women Public Officials - Female Cabinet-Level Officers
Women in the cabinet - female public officials who have held cabinet-level positions, in the United States, Canada, England, and other countries.
Women in Congress (United States)
Women who have served in the United States Congress - part of a directory of female public officials.
Women in Dance
Women dancers: ballet, modern and other genres. Choreographers and performers are included.
Women Governors - Female Public Officials
Women governors: female public officials who have headed state and provincial government.
Women in Classical Music
Women who made their mark in classical music, including many whose names have been undeservedly forgotten.
Women photographers and photojournalists: biographies and online versions of their art work.
Women Rulers of the 20th Century
Queens, empresses, women rulers, prime ministers, presidents and premiers, and other female heads of state in the 20th century: Elizabeth II, Margaret Thatcher, the Dowager Empress of China, and more. Find biographies, pictures, bibliographies and net links for further study.
Women in Television History
Resources on women in television history: images of women, women pioneers in the TV medium, and more.
Women writers in the ancient and classical world.
Women writers in the ancient and classical world.
Women Writers of the 16th/17th Centuries - Female Authors and Poets
Women writers of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries: women who have made a difference in history.
Women Writers - Medieval and Renaissance
Women writers in the medieval and Renaissance periods.
Maggie Lena Walker
Maggie Lena Walker, the first woman bank president in the United States, founded that bank in Richmond, Virginia, in 1903.
1920s and 1930s Women's History
Women's history during the 1920s and 1930s, between the two World Wars. The Twenties began with the ratification of woman suffrage in the United States and proceeded through the Jazz Age; the Thirties saw more change in women's roles.
Biographies - Famous Women
Famous and notable women including legendary and mythological women, most with links to related resources on women's history.
Women Criminals and Other Notorious Women
Women criminals - infamous and famous women suspected or convicted of crime through history. Includes notorious women of history such as Lizzie Bordon, Mary Surratt and others.
Calendar of Women's History
Calendar of events, birthdays, and other commemorations of women's history.
Women and Religion: Eastern Religions
The history of women in Buddhism, Hinduism, Shintoism and other Eastern religions.
Feminist Theology and Spirituality
In the late 20th century, feminist critique of traditional religious ideas has evolved into a larger theme of feminist religion and feminist spirituality. Also a few earlier attempts to interpret religion from a feminist perspective.
Genealogy - Researching Female Ancestors
Because women's lives have been less visible than men's lives to history, it can be difficult to trace women ancestors. Here are some resources that may be of help in tracing the women in your family tree.
Goddesses and Myths - Asia
Goddesses and myths of Asia: images of the female divine in history. Deities and legendary women in China and India.
Goddesses and Myths - Europe
Goddesses and myths of Europe: images of the female divine in history. Early religions often used female images of deities.
Goddesses and Myths - Greece and Rome
Goddesses and myths: images of the female divine in ancient and classical Greece and Rome. Female images of deities and legendary women are common in Greek mythology and Roman mythology.
Islam and Women's History - Women in the Muslim World
Women's role and prominent women in the Muslim faith. From the time of the Prophet through today.
Jewish Women's History
Women in Jewish history, ancient to modern, and notable women of Jewish background.
Madam C. J. Walker - African American Entrepreneur and Philanthropist
Sarah Breedlove Walker, known as Madam C. J. Walker, was the first African American woman millionaire in America, known not only for her hair straightening treatment and her salon system which helped other African Americans to succeed, but also her work to end lynching and gain women's rights.
Women and Religion: Other Religions
Notable women and the place of women in other religions. Includes Native American spirituality, more.
Female Senators - Women in Public Office
Women who have served in the Senate - part of a directory of female public officials.
Women in Tennis - Female Tennis Athletes
History of Women in Tennis: From Mary Outerbridge's introduction of tennis into the U.S., to Althea Gibson breaking the color bar, to Evert, King and Navratilova.
Women's History Month
Ideas for celebrations and commemorations of Womens History Month, including curriculum guides, activity suggestions, and web sites honoring the month.
African American Women's History: General, Collections, and More
More information on black women in history: general African American Women's history, collections, email lists, and more.
African American Women in the 20th Century: 1950-1999
Contributions of black women to America, from the 1950s through the 1990s. Civil rights, black women's liberation, more.
African American Women's Organizations
Women's Clubs and other organizations formed by black women in the late 19th and first half of the 20th centuries.
African American History and Women - Timeline
Find out what was happening in each time period in the history of black women in America, from slavery times to the present.
Latter-day Saints (Mormons)
History of women in the Church of the Latter Day Saints (Mormon Church).
Men's Voices on Women - 19th Century
Men's writings on women and women's history in the nineteenth century (1800s).
Men's Voices on Women - 20th Century
Men's writings on women and women's history, from the twentieth century (1900s).
Men's Voices on Women - Medieval and Renaissance Perspectives
Men's writings on women and women's history during the medieval and renaissance periods.
Museums of Women's History
Museums connected with women's history: honoring individual women, with specific women's history collections, as well as museums dedicated primarily to the topic of women's history.
Women on the Radio - Women's History on the Radio Dial
Resources on women on the radio: radio journalists, wartime radio performers, more.
Women have only recently been permitted to practice law in most nations, but have had an impact on society in their practice since.
Women and the Civil War: Women Soldiers and Women at Home
More resources on women in the Civil War, the War Between the States, including those who fought, those who worked as nurses or spies or laundresses, and those who kept the home fires burning. Confederacy and Union women, North and South, and their roles.
Women Film Directors and Producers
Women film directors and producers and film company executives from around the world.
Women and the Military - Overviews and Other
More links on women and the military and women and war. Includes general and overview pages and sites, plus information on women in wars and time periods not included on other pages on this site.
Organizations connected with women's history: both historical organizations founded by women and aimed at improving women's lot, and organizations today that promote research and study of women's history.
Asian Women and War
Women and war in Asia: women warriors, women sexual slaves, women in the military.
Women and World War II Index
Learn more about the many roles women played in World War II: women in the military, in support services, working in factories on the homefront, in concentration camps and keeping the home fires burning.
Women's Lives by Time Period
About women's everyday lives and status, in different eras. Recreation, education, social events, marriage, housekeeping, advice, etc. More in biographies and other subjects.
Birth Control Movement
The movement to allow women to control their births -- sometimes called voluntary motherhood or planned parenthood -- included changes in laws, cultural mores, and technology, and made possible other changes in women's lives.
Women in Computers
Women who have made a difference in the world of computers, the internet, and cyberspace.
Women environmentalists, including Rachel Carson, have been key in the movements to reduce pollution, make the environment safer and more beautiful, and reverse climate change.
Women Patriots - American Women and Patriotism
Many of the symbols of American patriotism are connected with women, from Lady Liberty to
Social Reform - More Issues
Women's involvement as individuals and in groups working for social change on issues of child labor, humanitarian aid, mental health, guns, pornography, prostitution, mental health, and more.
Women and Astronomy - Female Astronomers - Studying the Stars and the Cosmos
Female astronomers: women who have studied the planets, stars and the cosmos.
Women and Chemistry - Female Chemists
Female chemists: women who have made a difference in the field of chemistry.
Female mathematicians: women in math from ancient times through recent years. Mathematics fields include arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, number theory, advanced algebra and topology.
Women and Physics - Female Physicists - Scientists
Female physicists: women in physics and the physical sciences.
Women in Sports - Team Sports - Women's Sports History
History of Women in Team Sports -- notable female athletes, women's sports organizations, and the place of women in baseball, basketball, hockey, rowing, soccer, and volleyball.
Track and Field
Track and field: women athletes and history of women's events.
Fashion History - 20th Century
History of women's fashions in the 20th century, and how fashions have influenced the lives of women in the twentieth century. Costumes, essays and more.
Fashion History - Ancient - Medieval - Renaissance
History of women's fashions, in the ancient and medieval world through the 17th century.
Women's History Gifts - for Yourself, for Others
Ideas for buying women's history gifts for your friends and family -- or for yourself.
Women at Work in Factories
Early in the Industrial Revolution, factories began to hire women. Some resources on women in the factory, industrial conditions, and working women's rights.
Women and Unions
Women's trade unions, women in unions, the impact of unions on women and women on unions, and key women labor leaders.
Lowell Mill Girls
Women's work: Young women left the farm and went to work in the mills of Lowell, Massachusetts, six days a week, twelve or more hours a day.
Battle Hymn of the Republic Lyrics
Battle Hymn of the Republic began as a Civil War ballad and evolved into a more widely-used American patriotic hymn. Julia Ward Howe wrote the words to Battle Hymn of the Republic. Here are several different versions of Battle Hymn of the Republic words, including the manuscript version, the first published version, and later more and less religious versions.
Bridget Bishop: Index
Although Bridget Bishop was not one of the first to be accused of witchcraft in Salem Village in 1692, her confession led to her execution, the first of more than twenty before the witch hunt ended.
Mary Easty - Salem Witch Trials - Convicted and Executed
Mary Easty was convicted of and executed for witchcraft at Salem Village in 1692. Her letter to the judges challenged the court's behavior and asserted her innocence. Also spelled Eastey or Esty.
Empress Matilda (Empress Maud), Lady of the English
About the Empress Matilda, or Maud, who tried to take the crown of England to which she had been named by her father before his death.
George Burroughs - Salem Witch Trials - Convicted and Executed 1692
George Burroughs, a Puritan minister who served in Salem Village, left over a salary dispute, and later was called back as an accused witch in the infamous 1692 Salem Witch Trials.
Increase Mather - Puritan Minister - Salem Witch Trials
Resources on Increase Mather, Puritan minister and figure in the Salem Witch Trials controversy.
Joan of Arc - Bibliography Resources - Print Bibliographies - Jeanne d'Arc
Bibliographies for Joan of Arc, including books, magazine and journal articles, and other print and some web resources for further study of the Maid of Orleans, Jeanne d'Arc.
Joan of Arc - Biographies - About St Joan - Jeanne d'Arc
Biographies of Joan of Arc, also known as Jeanne d'Arc and the Maid of Orleans. St. Joan was burned at the stake after she helped restore the King of France to his throne in the Hundred Years War. Also includes timelines on Joan.
Joan of Arc - Course Syllabus - Course Outlines - Joan of Arc Study Guides
Joan of Arc syllabus information and course sites - at these sites you're likely to find bibliographies, original texts, ideas for course outlines or paper topics and much more.
Joan of Arc Pictures - Images of Jeanne d'Arc -
Images of Joan of Arc - pictures - Jeanne d'Arc - the Maid of Orleans as depicted in art, history, literature and religion.
Saint Joan Goes to the Movies and the Theater - Joan of Arc - Movies and Plays about St. Joan
Movies and plays about Joan of Arc - Jeanne d'Arc - the Maid of Orleans. Filmmakers, screenwriters and playwrights take on Joan of Arc -- find lists of the films, plays, reviews, cast lists and other resources on the many films and dramas about Saint Joan.
Joan of Arc - Texts - Online Documents
Copies of Joan of Arc related documents, most in full text online. These include classic biographies of Joan of Arc, trial documents and articles about Joan of Arc that help illustrate her image through the ages.
Medieval Women Saints - Britain - British Women Saints of the Middle Ages
Women in Britain who were canonized as Saints, and who lived in the Middle Ages. During Medieval times, recognition as a saint was often a recognition of a woman's power, either as a leader of a community, or an influence on wider events and culture.
Medieval Women Saints - Germany and the Holy Roman Empire
Women of Germany and the Holy Roman Empire in the Middle Ages who were canonized - and Hildegard of Bingen, never canonized, but celebrated as a saint. Also includes such women as Saint Adelaide, Saint Ludmilla, Saint Matilda of Saxony.
Elizabeth and John Proctor - Salem Witch Trials
Elizabeth and John Proctor were accused as witches in the Salem Witch Trials; John was executed, while Elizabeth was spared execution because she was pregnant, and then later was pardoned.
Rebecca Nurse - Salem Witch Trials
Rebecca Towne Nurse was accused of, convicted of and executed for witchcraft in the Salem Witch Trials of 1692. Her family had been involved in disputes with the powerful Putnam family. Two of her sisters were also accused in the hysteria at Salem.
Sarah Good - Salem Witch Trials 1692 - Convicted and Executed
Sarah Good was one of the first women accused of witchcraft in the Salem witch hunts of 1692. Her four-year-old daughter, Dorcas,
Tituba - Salem Witch Trials
Slave of Rev. Samuel Parris, this Indian woman's fortune-telling and stories helped initiate the witchcraft accusations in Salem Village, 1692, that led to the deaths of more than 20 accused witches.
Vintage Cheese Recipes - 1894 Style
The cheese recipes in this collection are representative of cooking in America in the late 19th century, and the compilation of a cookbook shows the ways in which women were beginning to organize and act both within their traditional roles and outside of traditional expectations.
Vintage Pie Recipes - from 1894
The vintage pie recipes in this collection are representative of cooking in America in the late 19th century, and the compilation of a cookbook shows the ways in which women were beginning to organize and act both within their traditional roles and outside of traditional expectations.
Vintage Pudding Recipes - 1894 Style
The pudding recipes in this collection of vintage recipes are representative of cooking in America in the late 19th century, and the compilation of a cookbook shows the ways in which women were beginning to organize and act both within their traditional roles and outside of traditional expectations.
Vintage Salad Recipes, 1894 Style
The salad recipes in this collection are representative of cooking in America in the late 19th century, and the compilation of a cookbook shows the ways in which women were beginning to organize and act both within their traditional roles and outside of traditional expectations.
Susan B. Anthony Biographies
Biographies of Susan B. Anthony, leading suffragist (suffragette) in America, helping win the vote for women.
Susan B. Anthony - More
More about Susan B. Anthony, leading suffragist (suffragette) in America, helping win the vote for women. Includes graphics: portraits and other images of Anthony.
Susan B. Anthony Writings
Writings by Susan B. Anthony, leading suffragist (suffragette) in America, helping win the vote for women.
Carrie Chapman Catt Biographies
Resources on Carrie Chapman Catt.
Carrie Chapman Catt Writings and Speeches
Writings and speeches by Carrie Chapman Catt, mostly on woman suffrage. Catt was one of the most prominent American women's suffrage activists of the 19th and early 20th centuries.
Statue of Hatshepsut
Images of the statue depicting Hatshepsut.
Temple, Tomb of Hatshepsut
Images and descriptions of the temple of Hatshepsut and the tomb of Hatshepsut, female pharaoh.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton - Biographies
Elizabeth Cady Stanton, pioneer woman's rights activist: biographies.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton - More Resources
Elizabeth Cady Stanton, pioneer woman's rights activist: portraits and other images, her home, her relationship with Susan B. Anthony, information on her daughter Harriot Stanton Blatch.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton - Writings
Elizabeth Cady Stanton, pioneer woman's rights activist: writings by Stanton on woman suffrage and other topics.
Mary Wollstonecraft - Works
Works of Mary Wollstonecraft, early feminist writer, author of A Vindication of the Rights of Woman and other books. In her writings she often argues for wider educational opportunities for women.
Anne Frank - Her Times
Anne Frank's Times: the world of Anne Frank, a young Jewish girl in hiding during the Holocaust, as the Nazis occupied the Netherlands. Context for understanding the life and death of Anne Frank.
Anne Frank Museums and Organizations
Museums and organizations dedicated to the memory and study of Anne Frank: a young Jewish girl caught in the Holocaust and author of The Diary of Anne Frank.
Emma Goldman - Writings
Online versions of essays and books by Emma Goldman.
Alice Walker - Bibliography
Bibliographic sites on Alice Walker: lists of books, articles, etc on her work and life.
Alice Walker - Her Life - Biographies
Resources on the net about Alice Walker: biographies, interviews, other information on her life.
Alice Walker - Causes
Resources on the net about Alice Walker: issues and causes she has been involved with.
Alice Walker - Criticism and Analysis
Reviews, analysis and critique of Alice Walker's writings.
Alice Walker - Writings
Alice Walker writings on the web: poetry, essays, reviews, more.
Mary Wollstonecraft - Biographies
Biographies of Mary Wollstonecraft, early feminist writer, author of A Vindication of the Rights of Woman and other books. In her writings she often argues for wider educational opportunities for women.
Mary Wollstonecraft - Analysis/Criticism
Analysis and literary criticism of Mary Wollstonecraft, early feminist writer, author of A Vindication of the Rights of Woman and other books. In her writings she often argues for wider educational opportunities for women. (Secondary sources.)
Judges and Other Officials in the Salem Witch Trials
These resources cover many of the judges, court officials and government officials connected with the Salem witch trials.
Gwendolyn Brooks Poems Online
Poems online from the works of African American poet Gwendolyn Brooks. This page includes links to the full text of Brooks poems and to essays and other analysis of specific poems. Her writings about inner city life, informed by her own years living in segregated society and later racially divided Chicago, earned her a Pulitzer Prize and a position as poet laureate of Illinois.
Anne Frank Curriculum Resources
Anne Frank: curriculum resources for studying the life and experience of Anne Frank, a Dutch Jewish girl and author of The Diary of Anne Frank. Holocaust education ideas. Includes curricula for several grade levels.
Julia Ward Howe Biographies
Julia Ward Howe: biographies, timelines and other resources on the life of Julia Ward Howe, author of the Battle Hymn of the Republic.
Julia Ward Howe - More Writings
Julia Ward Howe: more of her own writings.
Native American Women in History
Native American Women's History: resources for reading and research on individual Indian women.
Robin Morgan, a poet and writer as well as feminist activist, had her own radio program as a young child in the 40s, and played Dagmar in the 50s TV series I Remember Mama. She worked in the civil rights, antiwar and feminist movements in the 1950s through 1970s, came out as a lesbian in the 60s, and helped revive Ms. Magazine in 1990.
Harriet Beecher Stowe - Bibliographies
Bibliographies for further research into Harriet Beecher Stowe. Find out what print resources and collections of net links are available for Uncle Tom's Cabin and Stowe, American woman writer.
Harriet Beecher Stowe - Biography
Further information on the life of Harriet Beecher Stowe, author of Uncle Tom's Cabin, American woman writer.
Harriet Beecher Stowe - More Resources
Further information on the author of Uncle Tom's Cabin, American woman writer. Graphics, family, home, museums, libraries and more.
Harriet Beecher Stowe - Works including Uncle Tom's Cabin
Writings by Harriet Beecher Stowe, author of Uncle Tom's Cabin, American woman writer.
West Virginia Women's History
Resources on women's history in the state of West Virginia. Famous women, museums, events in history, etc.
Wisconsin Women's History
Resources on women's history in the state of Wisconsin. Famous women, museums, events in history, etc.
Virginia Women's History - The History of Women in Virginia
Women have been a key part of Virginia history, from Pocahontas and Virginia Dare through today. Here are some articles and web sites on Virginia women's history.
Salem Witch Trials - Accusers and Afflicted
Find more about the people in the Salem witch trials who were among those
Information on this site and on the web about Anne Brontë. Anne Bronte also wrote under the name Acton Bell. One of the three Bronte sisters: Charlotte, Anne and Emily.
Emily Dickinson - Biographies and Biographical Resources
Resources to help understand the life of Emily Dickinson: biographies, essays on aspects of her life history, and other treatments of her life. Excellent material for research papers here.
Emily Dickinson - Literary Criticism
Emily Dickinson, American poet: commentary and analysis of Dickinson's poems, looking at structure, imagery, themes, and connections to her life. Useful for researchers, interesting to Emily's fans.
Emily Dickinson Images
Emily Dickinson, American poet: find images of Emily Dickinson, her home, and her grave on the web.
Was Emily Dickinson a Lesbian?
A question that intrigues scholars and readers alike: was Emily Dickinson a lesbian? While there's not (to this date, anyway) direct evidence that Dickinson was sexually active with either men or women, she did write passionate letters to women (as did many women of that age). Some historians find this as evidence of what today would be called lesbianism -- others point to incidents where she seemed to be in love with men as counter-evidence. Here are some sources on this topic, to explore the different views.
Emily Dickinson's Letters
Emily Dickinson, American poet: find letters of Emily Dickinson on the net, including information about her longtime correspondent and mentor, Col. Thomas Wentworth Higginson.
Emily Dickinson - Organizations, Magazines and Journals
Emily Dickinson, American poet: find links to organizations, magazines and journals concerned with Emily Dickinson.
Emily Dickinson's Poems
Emily Dickinson, American poet: find poems of Emily Dickinson on the web, including poetry read aloud in audio and video clips.
Emily Dickinson - Related Topics
To understand American poet Emily Dickinson, you'll want to explore some of the topics here. Her friends, family, home, the Transcendentalist literary movement, and more.
British women's history: notable women. Biographies and other information on individual English, Scottish, Welsh and Irish women in history.
Pictures of George Eliot - 19th Century British Woman Writer
Images of George Eliot, the 19th century British woman writer who wrote
Margaret Fuller, Transcendentalist, was a 19th century feminist writer. She was a journalist and edited Dial Magazine, working closely with Ralph Waldo Emerson.
Massachusetts - Women's History
Resources on women's history in the state of Massachusetts. Famous women, museums, events in history, etc.
New York Women's History
Resources on women's history in the state of New York. Famous women, museums, events in history, etc.
US - South Carolina Women's History
Resources on women's history in the state of South Carolina. Famous women, museums, events in history, etc.
Tennessee Women's History
Resources on women's history in the state of Tennessee. Famous women, museums, events in history, etc.
Texas Women's History
Resources on women's history in the state of Texas. Famous women, museums, events in history, etc.
Queen Victoria's Daughters and Granddaughters
More information about daughters and granddaughters of Queen Victoria.
Benazir Bhutto, daughter of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, educated at Harvard University and Oxford. She served as Prime Minister of Pakistan 1988-1990 and 1993-1996, first female leader of a Moslem country in the modern world.
Gro Harlem Brundtland, Norway Prime Minister, Director-General of WHO
Norway's first woman prime minister. Dr. Brundtland, a physician, was Prime Minister of Norway 1981, 1986-1989, and 1990-1996. She has worked on health and environment issues internationally, and since 1998 has been the Director-General of the World Health Organization.
Kim Campbell - First Woman Prime Minister of Canada
Kim Campbell, first woman to serve as Prime Minister of Canada. Biographies, news stories, and updates on her career after her term as PM.
Violeta Barrios de Chamorro
Violeta de Chamorro, first known for her opposition to Somoza, took office as Nicaragua's first female president, defeating Daniel Ortega, Sandinista President.
Tansu Ciller, Prime Minister of Turkey, 1993-1995 (Tansu Çiller)
Tansu Çiller, Prime Minister of Turkey, 1993-1995. Biographies, news stories and background information on Tansu Ciller.
Vigdis Finnbogadottir - President of Iceland
First woman in the world to serve as the elected head of state, Vigdís Finnbogadóttír was president of Iceland 1980-1996.
Indira Gandhi - Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi, one of the best-known women of the 20th century, was Prime Minister of India, daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, mother of Sanjay and Rajiv Gandhi, mother-in-law of politician Sonia Gandhi. She was assassinated in 1984.
Pamela Gordon - Bermuda - Premier - Prime Minister 1997-1998
Pamela Gordon, first woman to be elected Premier (prime minister) of Bermuda, served from 1997-1998 and represented the United Bermuda Party.
Hispanic American Women's History
Individual women of Hispanic heritage, notable for their contributions to fields as far-ranging as sports, fashion, science and literature. Includes American women of Central and South American, Puerto Rican and Mexican background. Famous and notable Hispanic women, and others who may not be as well-known.
Sylvie Kinigi - Prime Minister - Burundi - 1993-1994
Sylvie Kinigi, Prime Minister of Burundi, 1993-1994, who left politics when her government fell, during the armed conflict between Tutsi and Hutu factions.
Nushu - Chinese Language of Women - Women's Writing
Discover more about the Chinese women's language, Nushu, which survived for centuries as a way for women friends to write to and speak with other women. It is now preserved through the efforts of scholars.
Jenny Shipley - Prime Minister New Zealand - 1997-1999
Jenny Shipley, Prime Minister, New Zealand, 1997-1999, representing the National Party (conservative).
Margaret Thatcher - English Prime Minister
Margaret Thatcher, conservative Prime Minister of England and controversial world leader.
Colorado Women's History
Resources on women's history in the state of Colorado. Famous women, museums, events in history, etc.
Illinois Women's History
Resources on women's history in the state of Illinois. Famous women, museums, events in history, etc.
Kansas Women's History
Resources on women's history in the state of Kansas. Famous women, museums, events in history, etc.
Maine Women's History
Resources on women's history in the state of Maine. Famous women, museums, events in history, etc.
Maryland Women's History
Resources on women's history in the state of Illinois. Famous women, museums, events in history, etc.
Widow of Philippine political leader Benigno Aquino,
Aung San Suu Kyi
Aung San Suu Kyi, whose mother was ambassador to India and father de facto prime minister of Myanmar (Burma), won election but was denied the office by a military government. She won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991.
Sirimavo Bandaranaike, three times Prime Minister of Sri Lanka, was the first woman in the world to hold the office of prime minister. Her daughter later became President then Prime Minister of Sri Lanka.
Beguines - Medieval Religious Communities of Women
In medieval times, some women formed religious communities that were not connected to any of the authorized religious orders or convents, and which were outside the control of male authorities. The Beguine movement also included individual women.
Olympia Brown - Universalist Minister and Woman Suffrage Activist
Olympia Brown, first woman minister in the US ordained with full denominational authority -- and campaigner for woman suffrage, especially in Wisconsin and Kansas.
Catherine Booth - A Sketch
This is an etext version of Mildred Duff, Catherine Booth: A Sketch, with preface by General Bramwell Booth. Originally published by Salvation Army Book Department, circa 1907. This edition was created by Jone Johnson Lewis, 2003.
Hildegard of Bingen Index
Religious leader, writer, and composer, Hildegard Von Bingen is the earliest composer whose life history is known. (1098-1179)
Kateri Tekakwitha - Native American Saint - Lily of the Mohawks
Blessed Kateri Tekakwitha, known as Lily of the Mohawks or Genevieve of New France, was a convert to Christianity who took a vow of chastity. She was beatified in 1980, and was the first Native American proposed for canonization by the Roman Catholic Church.
Mormonism: Reactions in Women's History
Polygamy in the 19th century in The Church of Latter-day Saints (Mormon Church) and some of its offshoots drew criticism from pro- and anti-suffrage women. In the 20th century, feminists criticized the Mormon Church's positions on women's rights, and some were excommunicated by the Church.
The Magdalene Sisters - 2003 Film
The 2003 film The Magdalene Sisters documents the incarceration of some young Irish women in the Magdalene Asylums of the 1960s and 1970s. Find information on the film and background about the history.
Mother Teresa of Calcutta - About Mother Teresa
Mother Teresa of Calcutta, born in Yugoslavia, decided early in her life that she had a religious vocation to serve the poor. Mother Teresa won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979.
Quakers and Women
The Quaker religion accepted women's leadership early, and many women's rights advocates have been Quakers. Here are some important connections between Quakers and women's history.
Eleanor Roosevelt - Writings
Columns, speeches and others writings by Eleanor Roosevelt. Also, published interviews of Eleanor Roosevelt.
Agathe Uwilingiyimana - Rwanda Prime Minister 1994
Rwanda's first female Prime Minister, Agathe Uwilingiyimana was killed in the Hutu/Tutsi massacres and genocide of 1994.
Vaira Vike-Freiberga - President - Republic of Latvia 1999-2007
Vaira Vike-Freiberga, President of the Republic of Latvia 1999-2007, former citizen of Canada.
Artemisia Gentileschi: Italian painter who lived from 1593 to about 1653, her paintings often had Biblical themes. Sometimes spelled Artemesia. Critics argue: was she an early feminist? and, Did the 1998 movie distort too many facts?
Barbara Longhi's father was Luca Longhi. She focused on religious themes, especially paintings depicting the Madonna and Child (12 of her known 15 works).
Catharina van Hemessen
A painter from Antwerp, taught by her father Jan van Sanders Hemessen. She is known for her religious paintings and her portraits. Find biographies and images of her paintings. Alternately spelled Catarina van Hemessen, Catherina van Hemessen, Caterina van Hemessen.
Diana Mantovana - Diana Scultori Ghisi
An engraver of Mantura and Rome, unique among women of the time in being permitted to put her name on her plates.
Elisabetta Sirani - Italian Painter - Woman Artist
Italian painter, she was also a musician and poet who focused on religious and historical scenes. She died at 27, possibly poisoned (her father thought so, but a court didn't agree).
Esther Inglis Kello
Esther Inglis was born to a Huguenot family that had moved to Scotland to escape persecution. She learned calligraphy from her mother and served as an official scribe for her husband. She used her calligraphy skills to produce miniature books, some of which included a self-portrait.
Fede Galizia was from Milan, the daughter of a miniature painter. She first came to notice by the age of 12. She also painted some portraits and religious scenes and was commissioned to do several altarpieces in Milan, but realistic still-life with fruit in a bowl is what she's most known for today.
Frida Kahlo Index
Frida Kahlo was a Mexican painter whose primitive-like style reflected Mexican folk culture, her own pain and suffering, both physical and emotional. Here are some resources for learning more about Frida Kahlo.
Giovanna Garzoni - Still Life Artist - Female Painter - Botanical Illustrator
One of the first women to paint still life studies, her paintings were popular. She worked at the court of the Duke of Alcala, the court of the Duke of Savoy and in Florence where members of the Medici family were patrons. She was official court painter for the Grand Duke Ferdinando II.
Judith Leyster - Dutch Painter - Female Artist
Dutch painter who had her own workshop and students, she produced most of her paintings before she married the painter Jan Miense Molenaer. Her work was confused with that of Frans and Dirck Hals until her rediscovery at the end of the 19th century and subsequent interest in her life and work.
Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunge - Sri Lanka - President 1994-
Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunge, whose mother was the first female prime minister in the world (1965), and whose father and husband were both assassinated, was elected President of Sri Lanka in 1994 after serving a short term as Prime Minister.
Berthe Morisot (1841-1895) Impressionist Painter
Biographies of painter Berthe Morisot and links to images of her works. Berthe Morisot's impressionist art was influenced by Edouard Manet, and she married his brother.
Properzia de Rossi
An Italian sculptor and miniaturist (on fruit pits!) who learned art from Marcantonio Raimondi, Raphael's engraver.
Rachel Ruysch - Dutch Flower Painter
Rachel Ruysch, a Dutch painter, painted flowers in a realistic style, probably influenced by her father, a botanist. Her teacher was Willem van Aelst, and she worked primarily in Amsterdam. She was court painter in Düsseldorf from 1708. Her flower paintings tend to have dark backgrounds with a brightly-lit center.
Hanna Suchocka - Prime Minister - Poland - 1992-1993
Hanna Suchocka, Prime Minister of Poland, 1992-1993, and member of the Solidarity government. Minister of Justice after her term as Prime Minister.
Dorothea Tanning - Surrealist Artist
Dorothea Tanning, born August 25, 1910, became a commercial artist then professional painter. She married Max Ernst in 1946. Directory of biographical information and images of her work on the Net.
Teresa del Po
A Roman artist taught by her father, her daughter also became a painter. She's best known for a few mythological scenes that survive and she also painted portraits.
Marietta Robusti Tintoretto
Marietta Robusti Tintoretto, from Venice was apprenticed to her father, the painter Jacobo Rubusti, known as Tintoretto. She was also a musician. Marietta Robusti was known as La Tintoretta, a play on her father's name. She died at 30 in childbirth.
Maria van Oosterwyck - Dutch Baroque painter - Maria van Oosterwijk
Maria van Oosterwyck (Oosterwijck) (1630-1693): A still life painter from the Netherlands, her work came to the attention of European royalty of France, Saxony and England. She was monetarily successful, but was, like other women, excluded from membership in the painters guild.
Josephine Baker Index
Josephine Baker: African American exotic dancer, international star, jazz singer, erotic entertainer.
Artist Mary Cassatt: resources include biographies and online galleries of her paintings, which often feature women and children.
Judy Chicago and The Dinner Party - Images of Women in Art
Biographical information on contemporary artist Judy Chicago, plus information on her feminist art project, The Dinner Party.
Dorothea Lange - Index
Photographer Dorothea Lange chronicled the 20th century in her extraordinary images of ordinary people in ordinary situations.
Edmonia Lewis - Index
Edmonia Lewis, of Native American and African American heritage, was a sculptor who lived more than 50 years in Rome, popular especially in the 1870s.
Geertruydt Roghman - Dutch Engraver - Women's Experience - Geertruydt Roghman
A Dutch engraver and etcher, Geertruydt Roghman's images of women in ordinary life tasks -- spinning, weaving, cleaning -- are from the perspective of women's experience. (Also spelled Geertruyd Roghmann.)
Martha Graham - Choreographer
Martha Graham, choreographer, helped create the modern dance techniques still current.
A Portuguese artist, Josefa de Ayala painted a wide variety of themes, from portraits and still life paintings to religion and mythology.
Lavinia Fontana - Renaissance Woman Painter
Trained by her father, she achieved success in Bologna and Rome, including large-scale public commissions -- and still had time to have eleven children.
One of the sisters of better-known artist Sofonisba Anguissola, she lived a short life and little is known of her life. A surviving work is titled Dr. Pietro Maria.
Margaret Bourke-White - Photographer and Photojournalist
Margaret Bourke-White's photography helped document history, while she herself was a history-maker as a female photojournalist, on the original staff of Life magazine, an associate editor of Fortune magazine from its founding, and noted for her pictures of the Soviet Union and Mahatma Gandhi.
Maria Sibylla Merian
Born in Germany of Swiss and Dutch ancestry, her botanical illustrations of flowers and insects are as notable as scientific studies as they are as art. She left her husband to join a religious community of Labadists, later moved to Amsterdam and in 1699, she traveled to Suriname where she wrote and illustrated the book Metamorphosis.