Women's History Sitemap - Page 7 2016-09-26

Kalpana Chawla - Women Astronauts - Pictures of Women Astronauts - Women in Space - NASA photographs
Photograph of Kalpana Chawla, part of a gallery of women astronauts, women who have flown in space. Page 31.

Laurel Clark - Women Astronauts - Pictures of Women Astronauts - Women in Space - NASA photographs
Photograph of Laural Clark, part of an image gallery of women astronauts, women who have flown in space. Page 32.

Mae Jemison Official NASA Portrait
Photograph of Mae Jemison, part of a picture gallery of women astronauts, women who have flown in space. Page 22.

Kathryn Sullivan and Sally Ride Picture - Space Shuttle
Sally Ride and Kathryn Sullivan show sleep restraint on space shuttle. Page 12.

Kathryn Sullivan and Sally Ride - Official Photo of the 41-g Shuttle Crew
Official photo of the 41-G crew, including Sally Ride and Kathryn Sullivan. Page 11.

Shannon Lucid - Women Astronauts - Pictures of Women Astronauts - Women in Space - NASA photographs
Photograph of Shannon Lucid on the space station Mir, part of an image gallery of women astronauts, women who have flown in space. Page 20.

Women Astronauts - Image Gallery
Photographs of women astronauts, women who have flown in space.

Women Astronauts - Image Gallery
Photographs of women astronauts, women who have flown in space.

Women Astronauts - Image Gallery
Photographs of women astronauts, women who have flown in space.

How 1975 Became International Women's Year
The U.N. designated 1975 International Women's Year. The U.N. raised global awareness of women's rights with International Women's Year.

Photographs of Harriet Tubman with Escaped Slaves
Picture of Harriet Tubman, underground railroad conductor and advocate of human rights, with some of the people she helped to escape from slavery. Page 3.

Harriet Tubman - Painting by Robert S. Pious
From a painting of Harriet Tubman by African American artist Robert S. Pious. Page 5.

Harriet Tubman Picture - Civil War
Picture of Harriet Tubman during her Civil War Service, from an 1869 book on Harriet Tubman. Page 2.

Image of Harriet Tubman In Her Later Years
Picture of Harriet Tubman, likely at her Auburn, New York home. Page 4.

Harriet Tubman Quote at Underground Railroad Freedom Center
Picture related to Harriet Tubman, underground railroad conductor and advocate of human rights. Page 6.

Photograph of Harriet Tubman
Picture of Harriet Tubman, underground railroad conductor and advocate of human rights.

Harriet Tubman Picture Gallery
Pictures of Harriet Tubman, underground railroad conductor and advocate of human rights.

Summary: Women in the Magna Carta
What were the effects of the Magna Carta on women of the medieval period? What specifically did the Magna Carta address?

Magna Carta and Women - The Background
Background on the Magna Carta, which affected a few women's rights in 1215.

Magna Carta: Clause 59, the Scottish Princesses
The sisters of King Alexander of Scotland were being held hostage as Alexander had backed the barons; this clause frees them.

Magna Carta on Women: Clauses 6 and 7
Clauses 6 and 7 of the 1215 Magna Carta protect an heir's and a widow's marriage rights, including the right of the widow to her dower.

Women and the Magna Carta: Clause 54: Testimony About Murder
A woman's appeal regarding a murder could only be heard if the victim were her husband.

Women and the Magna Carta: Clause 11: Debts in Widowhood
Clause 11 of the Magna Carta protecs a woman's dower, and clause 54 keeps women from testifying in court about murder or death of anyone other than their husbands.

Magna Carta of 1215 and Women’s Rights
The Magna Carta dealt mostly with rights of the nobility, and mostly with men's rights. A few clauses affected women's lives.

Magna Carta on Women: Clause 8
Clause 8 of the Magna Carta permits widows to refuse to remarry, and also clarifies that women under rule of the king or another lord need permission of their lord to remarry.

Magna Carta - Why Protect Women?
John's behavior towards his first wife was an example of some of the royal behavior that the Magna Carta was meant to address.

Adjusting the Ropes - Mary Surratt, Others - 1865
Adjusting the ropes before hanging the conspirators, July 7, 1865: Mary Surratt, Lewis Payne, David Herold, Georg Atzerodt. Page 10.

Adjusting the Ropes- July 7, 1865
Adjusting the ropes before hanging the conspirators, July 7, 1865: Mary Surratt, Lewis Payne, David Herold, Georg Atzerodt. Page 9.

Execution of Four Conspirators
1865 image of the execution of Mary Surratt and three others as conspirators in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. Page 11.

John Surratt Jr - Picture of the Son of Mary Surratt
A photograph of John Surratt Jr, son of Mary Surratt who was convicted and executed as a co-conspirator in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. Page 3.

John Surratt Jr in his Canada Jacket 1866
A photograph of Mary Surratt's son, John Surratt Jr., who was part of the conspiracy with John Wilkes Booth to kidnap President Abraham Lincoln. Page 2.

Mary Surratt Boardinghouse - 20th Century Photograph
Photograph (20th century) of Mary Surratt's boardinghouse in Washington, DC. Page 14.

Mary Surratt Grave
Photograph of the grave of Mrs. Mary Surratt, convicted and executed as a co-conspirator in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. Page 13.

Mary Surratt and Others Executed for Conspiracy
Mary Surratt and three men were executed for conspiracy in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln, July 7, 1865. Page 8.

Mary Surratt and Others Hanged for Conspiracy - 1865
Mary Surratt and three others executed for conspiracy in 1865. Page 12.

Mary Surratt Boardinghouse
Photograph from about 1890-1910 of Mrs. Mary Surratt house at 604 H St. N.W. Washington, D.C.

General John F. Hartranft Reading the Death Warrant
Reading the death warrant for Mary Surratt and three others before their execution as co-conspirators in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. Page 6.

General John F. Hartranft Reading the Death Warrant
Reading the death warrant for Mary Surratt and three others before their execution as co-conspirators in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. Page 5.

General John F. Hartranft Reading the Death Warrant
Reading the death warrant for Mary Surratt and three others before their execution as co-conspirators in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. Page 7.

Mary Surratt Jury
Photo of the all-male jury that convicted Mary Surratt as a co-conspirator in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. Page 4.

Trial and Execution of Mary Surratt - Picture Gallery
A picture gallery of images connected with the trial and execution of Mary Surratt, convicted of being a co-conspirator in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. She asserted her innocence.

Trial and Execution of Mary Surratt - Picture Gallery
A picture gallery of images connected with the trial and execution of Mary Surratt, convicted of being a co-conspirator in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. She asserted her innocence.

Maria Stewart - Abolitionist, Public Speaker, Writer
Maria Stewart: a biography of Maria W. Stewart, pioneer public speaker and abolitionist.

Isabella II of Spain
Queen Isabella II came to the throne of Spain when her father died, but her uncle disputed her right to rule because she was a woman. Her own attitudes may have added to her eventual deposition.

Susan B. Anthony Reading List
Read more about Susan B. Anthony in this selected list of biographies, children's books and books by Anthony.

Meaning of the Word Suffrage in Women's Suffrage
What does the word suffrage mean? Where did it come from and how did it come to have the meaning used in

Louisa May Alcott Books - Little Women and Beyond
An organized and annotated list of the works of author Louisa May Alcott. Find out what she wrote, beyond Little Women, including some books meant to be part of the Little Women world, but also other books separate from that context.

Profile of the National Organization for Women (NOW)
A profile of the National Organization for Women, founded in 1966 to work for women's equality.

6 Quotes from Roxanne Dunbar About Female Liberation
In her feminist writings, Roxanne Dunbar explained how women's liberation was part of a bigger revolution in society. The struggle for human liberation is examined in these six quotes from

Amelia Earhart Home: Atchinson, Kansas
Picture of the home of Amelia Earhart , pioneer pilot. Page 12.

Amelia Earhart Home - Detail
Picture of the home of Amelia Earhart , pioneer pilot. Page 13.

Amelia Earhart in Carlsbad Caverns National Park 1932
A photograph of Amelia Earhart in Carlsbad Caverns National Park, 1932. Page 5.

Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan - June 1937
Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan in Brazil, June 11, 1937. Page 9.

Amelia Earhart and George Palmer Putnam, 1932
Amelia Earhart with her husband, publisher George Palmer Putnam, on June 20, 1932. Page 4.

Amelia Earhart, First Woman to Fly Solo Across Atlantic
Amelia Earhart arrives in London on May 22, 1932, after flying solo across Atlantic. Page 3.

Amelia Earhart Home
Picture of the home of Amelia Earhart , pioneer pilot. Page 11.

Amelia Earhart Waves from Plane - About 1932
Amelia Earhart and her plane, about 1932. Page 2.

Amelia Earhart with Bi-Plane June 14, 1928
Amelia Earhart is photographed here with her bi-plane Friendship on June 14, 1928.

Amelia Earhart with Airplane in Hangar - July 30, 1936
Amelia Earhart with airplane, in hangar, July 30, 1936. Page 6.

Amelia Earhart and Airplane - Undated Photo
Picture of Amelia Earhart with plane, undated. Page 8.

Amelia Earhart in Tie - Undated Photo with Plane
Amelia Earhart with plane, undated. Page 10.

Amelia Earhart Standing in Front of Plane - Undated
Picture of Amelia Earhart with her plane, undated. Page 7.

Amelia Earhart Picture Gallery
Pictures of Amelia Earhart, pioneer pilot.

Amelia Earhart Picture Gallery
Pictures of Amelia Earhart, pioneer pilot.

Women and the American Revolution - Books to Read
Women's lives began to change significantly with the American Revolution. Every war means more women taking charge during the absence and after the deaths of husbands and fathers. After the war, talk of rights raised issues of women's rights and education. Read about some individual women whose voices were heard and about the lives of other women whose stories are known less directly.

CalArts Feminist Art Collaboration Womanhouse
A history of Womanhouse, a 1972 collaborative feminist art installation based in Los Angeles.

Liberal Feminism - Women's History Definition
The definition of liberal feminism, with examples and information about its supporters and critics.

Hemophilia in Queen Victoria’s Descendants
Hemophilia, a disease which affects clotting of the blood, is inherited via the X chromosome. Queen Victoria passed the gene to some of her descendants. Find out here which descendants were afflicted and which were carriers, as far as we can tell from the evidence.

Eleanor Roosevelt Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Eleanor Roosevelt played a key role in the development of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Here are some of her own words about that history.

Shulamith Firestone - Radical Feminist, Theorist, Author
Profile of feminist Shulamith Firestone. Read about Shulamith Firestone's involvement in radical feminism and her published works of feminist theory, including The Dialectic of Sex.

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Key British Suffrage Activists
A selection of the key British women activists who won the vote for women in Great Britain.

Women's History
Women's History.

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Women's History.

Key British Suffrage Activists
A selection of the key British women activists who won the vote for women in Great Britain.

Sylvia Pankhurst
A biography of Sylvia Pankhurst, who was an activist for women's rights with her mother Emmeline and sister Christabel, and who later split with them to work for peace and socialism.

An Old-Fashioned Thanksgiving by Louisa May Alcott
A story about a post-Civil War Thanksgiving in New Hampshire, by popular author Louisa May Alcott.

John Stuart Mill, Male Feminist
John Stuart Mill advocated for equal rights for women, far earlier than such a position had widespread support.

Ancient Women Writers
Ancient women writers, from Sumeria, Greece, Rome, and Alexandria.

Women Weaving - Ancient History to Modern Women
Weaving has usually been associated with women, in many cultures and times. Today, weaving is a popular handicraft and art for many women.

Birds Nest Pudding - 1894 Style
A recipe for birds nest pudding, originally published in 1894.

Holiday Albums by Female Artists
For the holidays, why not enjoy your favorite women musicians on these single- and multi-artist albums?

Holiday Albums by Female Artists
For the holidays, why not enjoy your favorite women musicians on these single- and multi-artist albums?

National Woman's Rights Conventions 1850 - 1869
Women in the US held national conventions advocating for women's rights, beginning in 1850 and inspired by the Seneca Falls regional convention.

Dale Spender Quotes: Words From a Fierce Feminist
Quotations from Dale Spender, an Australian feminist writer who describes herself as a

Sarah Josepha Hale Letter to Abraham Lincoln About Thanksgiving
Copy of a letter sent by Sarah Josepha Hale, magazine editor, to President Abraham Lincoln, credited with inspiring him to declare a national day of Thanksgiving.

Legends: Oprah Honored African American Women
Oprah Winfrey's 2006 The Legends Ball honored many African American women, including Dorothy Height, Coretta Scott King, Cicely Tyson and more.

Shaun Robinson at The Legends Ball 2005
Shaun Robinson, journalist, is shown at Oprah Winfrey's 2005 The Legends Ball.

Brandy at The Legends Ball 2005
Singer Brandy was among the younger

Oprah Winfrey at The Legends Ball 2005
Oprah Winfrey is shown at The Legends Ball in 2005, an event she created to honor the achievements of many African American women.

Coretta Scott King at The Legends Ball 2005
Civil rights figure Coretta Scott King was among those honored at Oprah Winfrey's 2005 The Legends Ball.

Cicely Tyson at The Legends Ball 2005
Cicely Tyson, actress, was among those African American women honored at Oprah Winfrey's 2005 The Legends Ball.

Leontyne Price at The Legends Ball 2005
Leontyne Price, soprano, at Oprah Winfrey's The Legends Ball in 2005.

Diana Ross at The Legends Ball 2005
Diana Ross, superstar reocrding artist, is shown at Oprah Winfrey's 2005 The Legends Ball.

Debbie Allen at The Legends Ball 2005
Debbie Allen is shown with her son at Oprah Winfrey's The Legends Ball, 2005.

Phylicia Rashad at The Legends Ball 2005
Actress Phylicia Rashad was among the women honored at Oprah Winfrey's The Legends Ball in 2005.

Ruby Dee at The Legends Ball 2005
Ruby Dee, actress, was among the women honored at Oprah Winfrey's 2005 The Legends Ball.

Elizabeth Catlett at The Legends Ball 2005
Artist Elizabeth Catlett at Oprah Winfrey's The Legends Ball, 2005.

Suffragette Defined: Is It the Correct Term?
The term suffragette is sometimes used instead of suffragist. What does it mean and is it a correct or insulting term?

Jane Fonda in North Vietnam - Myths of Women's History
Yes, she went to North Vietnam and denounced the United States presence in Vietnam - but no, she didn't directly turn in POWs and cause their deaths.

Books on Female Spies in World War I and World War II
Women spies in World War I and World War II: female undercover work in World War I and World War II is largely unacknowledged. Page 4.

Female Spies in World War II - The SOE and OSS
Women spies in World War I and World War II: female undercover work in World War I and World War II is largely unacknowledged. Page 2.

Hedy Lamarr & More Female Spies of World War II
Women spies in World War I and World War II: female undercover work in World War I and World War II is largely unacknowledged. Page 3.

Female Spies in World War I and World War II
Women spies in World War I and World War II: female undercover work in World War I and World War II is largely unacknowledged.

Lei-tzu: Women Rulers of the Ancient and Classical World
A list of the dozen most powerful women in the ancient (and classical) world. How many of them do you know?

Semiramis: Women Rulers of the Ancient and Classical World
A list of the dozen most powerful women in the ancient (and classical) world. How many of them do you know?

Olympias: Women Rulers of the Ancient and Classical World
A list of the dozen most powerful women in the ancient (and classical) world. How many of them do you know?

Women Rulers of the Ancient and Classical World
A list of the dozen most powerful women in the ancient (and classical) world. How many of them do you know?

Hatshepsut: Women Rulers of the Ancient and Classical World
A list of the dozen most powerful women in the ancient (and classical) world. How many of them do you know?

Cleopatra Thea: Women Rulers of the Ancient and Classical World
A list of the dozen most powerful women in the ancient (and classical) world. How many of them do you know?

Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt: Women Rulers of the Ancient and Classical World
A list of the dozen most powerful women in the ancient (and classical) world. How many of them do you know?

Artemisia: Women Rulers of the Ancient and Classical World
A list of the dozen most powerful women in the ancient (and classical) world. How many of them do you know?

Nefertiti: Women Rulers of the Ancient and Classical World
A list of the dozen most powerful women in the ancient (and classical) world. How many of them do you know?

Elen Luyddog: Women Rulers of the Ancient and Classical World
A list of the dozen most powerful women in the ancient (and classical) world. How many of them do you know?

Cartimandua: Women Rulers of the Ancient and Classical World
A list of the dozen most powerful women in the ancient (and classical) world. How many of them do you know?

Boudicca (Boadicea): Women Rulers of the Ancient and Classical World
A list of the dozen most powerful women in the ancient (and classical) world. How many of them do you know?

Zenobia: Women Rulers of the Ancient and Classical World
A list of the dozen most powerful women in the ancient (and classical) world. How many of them do you know?

Meryt-Neith: Women Rulers of the Ancient and Classical World
A list of the dozen most powerful women in the ancient (and classical) world. How many of them do you know?

Emma Hale Smith, First Wife of Joseph Smith Jr.
Emma Hale Smith, first wife of Joseph Smith, Jr., opposed plural marriage and did not go west with the rest of the LDS/Mormon community after Smith's murder. Her son was the first leader of the RLDS church, formed by those who had remained in Illinois and who differed on key points of doctrine and church leadership.

Eliza Roxcy Snow - Portrait of a Mormon Founder
Eliza Snow, married first to Mormon prophet Joseph Smith then to church leader Brigham Young, took a very active role in organizing the women within the church, both at Nauvoo and then in Utah.

Alice Hamilton: Pioneer in Industrial Health and Toxicology
Alice Hamilton, a physician who was also a Hull House resident, became a leading expert on workplace toxins, especially lead and radium. She combined research with activism, and was the first woman professor at Harvard.

- By Category
An index of categories in the

Women and the Military: 1970s Through Today
Women in the military in the 1970s through the present. Includes section on sexual harassment in the military in those decades.

Women and World War I: on the War Front and on the Home Front
Women and World War I: women serving in the military, women keeping the home fires burning, and women support workers.

Covenanted Church Membership - Salem Witch Trials Glossary
Covenanted church membership defined as part of a glossary on the Salem Witch trials of 17th century Massachusetts. Conflicts over covenant theology may have played at least a small role in the Salem Village culture that produced the accusations of witchcraft in 1692.

Fredegund, Merovingian Frankish Queen of Neustria
Fredegund was, according to the medieval historian Gregory of Tours, murderous and manipulating. She is supposed to have caused the deaths of her husband's first two wives, his half-brother and rival, and others. Gregory was put on treason for his writings about Fredegund.

Brunhilde: Queen of the Franks
Frankish queen of Austrasia, she urged her husband to war to avenge her sister's murder by her husband's half-brother.

Flight Attendant Sex Discrimination and the EEOC: 1960s
What did the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission do about flight attendant discrimination? Read an overview of the EEOC's 1960s flight attendant discrimination decisions.

Feminism in 1975 in the United States
A look at important events related to U.S. feminism in 1975. What were some of the significant events mid-decade?

Code Name Jane - Abortion Counseling Service 1969-1973
The abortion referral service

Freedom Trash Can - Feminist History
What was the freedom trash can? Find out what went in the freedom trash can at the 1968 Miss America Protest.

Feminist Waves - What Does the Metaphor Mean?
The metaphor of waves for feminism -- especially for the first and second wave -- tries to describe the way that feminism seemed to rise and fall, then rise again.

Marie Antoinette, Archduchess of Austria
A portrait of Marie Antoinette at age seven in Austria.

Marie Antoinette
Picture of Marie Antoinette, future Queen of France, dancing with her brothers in 1765. Page 2.

Marie Antoinette
A picture of 12-year-old Marie Antoinette, future Queen of France. Page 3.

Marie Antoinette
A portrait of 16-year-old Marie Antoinette, Archduchess of Austria, later Queen of France. Page 4.

Marie Antoinette Bust - 18th Century Sculpture
A bust of Marie Antoinette, 18th century Queen of France. Page 14.

Marie Antoinette
Portrait of Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, 1775. Page 5.

Marie Antoinette
Portrait of Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, 1778. Page 6.

Marie Antoinette - 1783 by Elisabeth Vigée Le Brun
A portrait of Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, by artist Elisabeth Vigée Le Brun. Page 7.

Marie Antoinette - Portrait 1788
A portrait of Queen Marie Antoinette of France, Adolf Ulrich Wertmuller, 1788. Page 11.

Marie Antoinette - 1791
A painting of Marie Antoinette, 1791, Alexandre Kucharski, unfinished and damaged by a pike during the French Revolution. Page 12.

Marie Antoinette - 19th Century Image
Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, in a 19th century image from Evert A. Duykinck, A Portrait Gallery of Eminent Men and Women of Europe and America, with Biographies. Page 13.

Marie Antoinette
Marie Antoinette with two of her children, Princess Marie Therese Charlotte of France and Dauphin Louis Joseph of France, 1785. Page 10.

Picture of Marie Antoinette
Picture of Marie Antoinette, Queen of France. Page 9.

Marie Antoinette Image Gallery
Image Gallery - Marie Antoinette pictures: paintings and other images of Marie Antoinette, Queen of France.

Marie Antoinette Image Gallery
Image Gallery - Marie Antoinette pictures: paintings and other images of Marie Antoinette, Queen of France.

Marie Antoinette Portrait
Portrait of Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, before the Revolution. Page 8.

Plantagenet Queens: Anne of Bohemia (1366-1394)
Anne of Bohemia, wife of Richard II, was not popular in England. She died without having any children.

Plantagenet Queens Consort of England
Introducing the Plantagenet queens consort, wives of the English kings from Henry II to Richard II.

Plantagenet Queens: Philippa of Hainault (1314-1369)
Phiippa of Hainault was the queen of Edward III of England. She was a descendant of King Stephen who had been the last king before the Plantagenets.

Plantagenet Queens: Isabelle of Valois (1389-1409)
Isabelle of Valois became wife to Richard II after his first queen died. She was only ten when she was widowed four years later.

Beyond the Plantagenets: Find More Queens of England and Great Britain
After you've studied the Plantagenet queens, you may want to take a look at more collections.

Plantagenet Queens: Eleanor of Aquitaine (1122-1204)
Eleanor of Aquitaine, the first Plantagenet queen, married the future Henry II right after being divorced from King Louis VII of France.

Plantagenet Queens: Margaret of France (1157 - 1197)
Margaret of France, who shared half-sisters with her husband, was married to Henry the Young King, who ruled as a junior king but died before his father did.

Plantagenet Queens: Berengaria of Navarre (1163?-1230)
Berengaria of Navarre, who never stepped foot in England until after her husband had died and she was no longer queen, had no children to inherit.

Plantagenet Queens: Isabella of Angoulême (1188?-1246)
King John put aside his first wife when he became king to marry the young Isabella of Angouleme.

Plantagenet Queens: Eleanor of Provence (~1223-1291)
One of four sisters who became queens, Eleanor of Provence was married to Henry III and was the mother of Edward I of England and Margaret who married the king of Scotland.

Plantagenet Queens: Eleanor of Castile (1241-1290)
Eleanor of Castile was the much-mourned first wife of Edward I, and mother of his sixteen children, some of whom survived to adulthood.

Plantagenet Queens: Margaret of France (1279?-1318)
One of several women in history known as Margaret of France, this daughter of Philip III of France was the second wife of Edward I. She was never crowned queen.

Plantagenet Queens: Isabella of France (1292-1358)
Isabella of France, queen of Edward II, is infamous for rebelling against her husband and deposing him.

Ten Important Feminist Beliefs of the 1960s and 1970s
What did feminists believe? These ten important feminist beliefs were key ideas of 1960s and 1970s feminism.

When Did Gloria Steinem Get Married?
Feminist Gloria Steinem's marriage at age 66 surprised some people. Read about Gloria Steinem's marriage to the environmental and animal rights activist David Bale.

Jimmy Carter Signing ERA Ratification Extension, 10/20/1978
Jimmy Carter signed the extension of the ERA in 1978. Who was there for the signing?

Hatshepsut Documentary Review: Discovery Channel's Secrets of Egypt's Lost Queen
A review from the About.com Women's History Guide, Jone Johnson Lewis, of Discovery Channel's documentary on Egyptian Pharaoh Hatshepsut, Secrets of Egypt's Lost Queen.

Sarah Josepha Hale: Setting Domestic Standards for Women
Sarah Josepha Hale, editor of Godey's Lady's Book for fifty years, was a major influence in American popular culture of the 19th century.

Dorothy Day Quotes - Words of Wisdom from a Catholic Worker
Dorothy Day, Roman Catholic leader who worked with the poor and opposed war, is represented here in some key quotes about her ideas, values and life.

Anchoress: Medieval Religious Life for Women
A description of the office of anchoress, especially related women's medieval history. Includes examples and a description of the Ancrene Wisse, which guided the secluded life of an anchoress.

Women's Voices: Finding Quotations by Women
So many quotation collections are mostly quotes by men. Find women's quotations here, in a collection from more than 200 women.

Elizabeth I - Books and Videos
A selection of books and videos for understanding the life and personality of England's Virgin Queen, Good Queen Bess: Queen Elizabeth I.

Recommended Books on Women in Prehistory
Some recommendations for reading about women in prehistory, from scholarly texts to popular accounts. What does archeology tell us about the past of women -- and perhaps the future? Was there a matriarchal past? Did societies that worshipped goddesses have more equality?

Books on Body Image and Women's History
How women view and value their bodies has changed over time. These books examine the history of body image and how culture shapes ideas of women's beauty -- useful perspective in dealing with body image and self-esteem issues among girls and women today. There are other good books on body image and beauty culture today from a personal perspective; these books include the best historical analysis.

Women and Religion
Women and religion including the role of women in the world's religions. How have different religious groups treated women? What roles have women been permitted or encouraged to take? Goddesses, myths, legendary women, and witches have been important in history, often saying much about how a society views women.

Golda Meir - Israeli Prime Minister 1969-1974
Prime Minister of Israel 1969-1974, during the time of the Yom Kippur War, she began her work life in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, as a teacher.

Teetotaller - Definition and Origin
Defining the term teetotaller, with the history of the word and how it was used.

Maya Angelou Books - Poems - Autobiography - Essays
Dignity and beauty are the two words that come first to my mind when I think of the writings of Maya Angelou, African American autobiographer and poet. Many came to know her writings when she delivered her poem

The Wife of Bath: Feminist Character?
Was the Wife of Bath, in Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, a feminist? What were her views on marriage and the roles of men and women in marriage?

Christina of Markyate
It took a lot of courage to resist the pressures of family and culture in the 12th century, but this young girl not only resisted, she succeeded -- and founded a community of women religious and influenced several key monastic figures in English history.

Andromache
The stories and legends of Andromache, wife of Hector of Troy, and a figure in plays by Euripides and many others.

Jessie Redmon Fauset
Jessie Redmon Fauset biography: Harlem Renaissance writer who helped create a black voice through her literary editorship of the Crisis.

Women of Colonial America
Carefully selected books on women of colonial America. Diaries, letterbooks and other first-person stories are an insight into the lives of women in early America. But few diaries exist, so other sources are often essential to understanding women's lives before the American Revolution.

Six Books by Betty Friedan
A look at the books by Betty Friedan. Besides her classic feminist text 'The Feminine Mystique,' what are the other books by Betty Friedan? How did she recall her time as a leader of the women's movement?

Books for Girls 8-12
Girls in the preteen years are at an important transition point: they need strong female role models before they enter the years when they question whether girls can be both intelligent and popular. I've listed here some of my favorite women's history books for this age group. Some are collections of short sketches, perfect for the active or impatient reader.

Women of the Tenth Century
Books about women of the tenth century, medieval women, women of the Middle Ages.

Feminism in Hollywood
How has feminism in Hollywood affected women in film? These books explore feminism in Hollywood and the experiences of women in the film industry.

Women of the Wars of the Roses: Historical Fiction and Fact
Fiction -- and some fact -- on the pivotal women in the Wars of the Roses in medieval England.

American Women's History: Top Book Picks
A selection of the best overview books on the history of women in America. These books cover many historical periods in American history, looking at women's roles. Each book has strengths and weaknesses, depending on the purpose for which you're choosing it, and a wise choice may be one narrative history and one book of primary source documents.

Salem Witch Trials - Books - Theories on the Salem Witch Craze
The 1692 outbreak of witchcraft accusations in Salem Village, Massachusetts, has fascinated historians and the average reader alike for more than three hundred years. How could neighbor turn against neighbor? What light does this episode shed on women's lives? On our potential for similar

Sojourner Truth Books - Brief Bibliography of Key Texts
A list of recommended books on Sojourner Truth, an anti-slavery and women's rights activist of the 19th century. Also includes links to Sojourner Truth gifts and posters.

Abortion Reform vs Repeal
What is the difference between reforming abortion laws and repealing them? Feminist activists in the 1960s called for the repeal of abortion laws as a matter of justice for all women.

Leontyne Price, New York Met Opera Star
Biography of Leontyne Price, first black star of the NY Metropolitan Opera, who studied at Juilliard and appeared in her career at almost every major opera house in America and Europe.

Who Was the Queen of Sheba?
The Queen of Sheba is mentioned in the biblical story of Solomon. Was she a real historical figure? What was her name and where did she come from?

Sophie Tucker Biography
Sophie Tucker, vaudeville entertainer who made Some of These Days her signature song, made her fat girl image into a positive feature of her act.

Empress Matilda Hears Plea of Matilda of Boulogne
The Empress Matilda hears the plea of Matilda of Boulogne, wife of Stephen of Blois.

Matilda, Wife of Stephen, Pleading With Empress Matilda
Matilda, Stephen's wife, pleads for his life with the Empress Matilda.

Key Feminists of the 1960s and 1970s
These were key women activists who worked for women's rights in the 1970s.

African American History and Women - Timeline 1850-1859
A chronology of events and birthdates for African American women and other women involved in African American history. This section of the timeline covers the years 1850-1859.

Who Was the First Woman Nominated for Vice President by a Major American Political Party?
Who was the first woman nominated as a vice presidential candidate by a major American political party? She was nominated in 1984.

African American History and Women Timeline
A chronology of events and birthdates for African American women and other women involved in African American history. This section of the timeline covers the years 1492-1699.

Eleanor of Aquitaine's Children and Grandchildren: Her First Marriage
Who were Eleanor of Aquitaine's children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren from her first marriage to the King of France? Find a detailed genealogy here.

Eleanor of Aquitaine's Descendants Through Alix of France
Who were Eleanor of Aquitaine's children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren from her first marriage to the King of France? Find a detailed genealogy here.

Eleanor of Aquitaine's Descendants Through Marie of France
Who were Eleanor of Aquitaine's children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren from her first marriage to the King of France? Find a detailed genealogy here.

Eleanor of Aquitaine’s Descendants Through Matilda, Duchess of Saxony
Eleanor of Aquitaine's eldest daughter in her second marriage, Matilda, married into German royalty. She had five surviving children, though only one grandson to carry the male line, then the main means of transmitting titles and property.

Eleanor of Aquitaine’s Descendants Through Geoffrey II of Brittany
Geoffrey II of Brittany died before his brother, Richard I, so it could be justified under primogeniture that Geoffrey's son, Arthur I of Brittany, would inherit next. But the younger brother of Richard and Geoffrey, John, was named Richard's heir, and Arthur vanished from history soon after being imprisoned.

Joan of Kent: About More than Just Controversial Marriages
Joan of Kent, granddaughter of Edward I of England, made impetuous and secret marriages that kept her in the center of controversy and power. She was the mother of King Richard II of England.

Joan of Kent - Her Descendants
Joan of Kent was the ancestor of many of England's monarchs. Here's some of her descendants.

12 Women Scientists Everyone Should Know
How many women scientists can you name? Here are 12 women scientists you should know for basic scientific literacy.

Women Scientists Everyone Should Know: Mary Somerville
Mary Somerville: part of a collection of famous women scientists everyone should know for scientific literacy.

Women Scientists Everyone Should Know: Rachel Carson
Rachel Carson: part of a collection of famous women scientists everyone should know for scientific literacy.

Women Scientists Everyone Should Know: Dian Fossey
Dian Fossey: part of a collection of famous women scientists everyone should know for scientific literacy.

Women Scientists Everyone Should Know: Margaret Mead
Margaret Mead: part of a collection of famous women scientists everyone should know for scientific literacy.

More: Women in Science
Find more about women scientists.

Women Scientists Everyone Should Know: Marie Curie
Marie Curie: part of a collection of famous women scientists everyone should know for scientific literacy.

Women Scientists Everyone Should Know: Caroline Herschel
Caroline Herschel: part of a collection of famous women scientists everyone should know for scientific literacy.

Women Scientists Everyone Should Know: Maria Goeppert-Mayer
Maria Goeppert-Mayer: part of a collection of famous women scientists everyone should know for scientific literacy.

Women Scientists Everyone Should Know: Florence Nightingale
Florence Nightingale: part of a collection of famous women scientists everyone should know for scientific literacy.

Women Scientists Everyone Should Know: Jane Goodall
Jane Goodall: part of a collection of famous women scientists everyone should know for scientific literacy.

Women Scientists Everyone Should Know: Annie Jump Cannon
Annie Jump Cannon: part of a collection of famous women scientists everyone should know for scientific literacy.

Women Scientists Everyone Should Know: Rosalind Franklin
Rosalind Franklin: part of a collection of famous women scientists everyone should know for scientific literacy.

Women Scientists Everyone Should Know: Chien-Shiung Wu
Chien-Shiung Wu: part of a collection of famous women scientists everyone should know for scientific literacy.

Women's Suffrage: What You Need to Know
Women's suffrage - articles, biographies, timelines, original documents, pictures, and more information on the long struggle to win the vote for women.

Jeannette Rankin Picture
Picture of Jeannette Rankin, first woman elected to Congress. Page 21.

Olympia Brown Picture - 1919
A picture of Olympia Brown, pioneer woman minister and woman suffrage activist, in 1919, just one year before she was finally able to vote. Page 6.

Virginia Louisa Minor Portrait
Portrait of Virginia Minor, who worked for women's suffrage and, earlier, worked in Civil War relief efforts. Page 17.

Picture of Abigail Scott Duniway - Pictures of Women's Suffrage Activists
Picture of Abigail Scott Duniway, woman suffrage activist. Page 10.

Alice Paul Picture: 1910 - 1916
Picture of Alice Paul, women's suffrage leader. Page 20.

Antoinette Brown Blackwell Picture
A portrait of Antoinette Brown Blackwell, one of the first women to be ordained in America with denominational authority, and a women's suffrage leader. Page 4.

Belva Lockwood Picture
Picture of Belva Lockwood, lawyer and women's rights advocate. Page 16.

Frances Willard Picture
A picture of Frances Willard, temperance leader and women's suffrage advocate. Page 27.

Frederick Douglass
A picture of Frederick Douglass, 19th century abolitionist, speaker, women's rights advocate, autobiographer, and escaped slave. Page 9.

Harriet Tubman Photograph
Picture of Harriet Tubman, underground railroad conductor and advocate of women's rights. Page 26.

Julia Ward Howe Picture
A picture of Julia Ward Howe, woman suffrage leader, advocate of abolition and peace, racial justice and women's rights. Page 14.

Lucy Stone Picture
Picture of Lucy Stone, women's rights advocate and abolitionist. Page 23.

Mary Church Terrell Picture
A picture of Mary Church Terrell, advocate of women's rights and racial justice. Page 24.

Mary Livermore - Pictures of Women's Suffrage Movement Activists
Mary Livermore picture: she was a temperance and women's rights activist. Page 15.

Matilda Joslyn Gage Picture
Picture of Matilda Joslyn Gage, women's suffrage leader. Page 12.

Maud Wood Park Picture
Picture of Maud Wood Park, advocate of women's rights and woman suffrage. Page 19.

Millicent Garrett Fawcett - Picture of Millicent Garrett Fawcett
Millicent Garrett Fawcett picture, part of a collection of pictures of key women who helped to win the vote. Page 11.

Paulina Wright Davis Picture
Picture of Paulina Wright Davis, women's suffrage leader. Page 8.

Sojourner Truth - Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate - Pictures of Women's Suffrage Activists
Sojourner Truth, among pictures of key women who helped to win the vote. Page 25.

Abby Scott Baker Picture - National Woman's Party Officer
A picture of Abby Scott Baker, officer of the National Woman's Party and an activist in the final years of struggle to win the vote for women. Page 2.

Picture of Women's Rights Advocate Alice Stone Blackwell
A picture of Alice Stone Blackwell, women's rights advocate and editor. Page 3.

Amelia Bloomer Picture
A portrait of Amelia Bloomer, women's suffrage activist and promoter of the dress reform named after her, bloomers. Page 5.

Carrie Chapman Catt Picture
A picture of Carrie Chapman Catt, leader of one faction of women's suffrage activists in the early 20th century. Page 7.

Elizabeth Cady Stanton Picture
A picture of Elizabeth Cady Stanton, from a portrait illustrating Eminent Women of the Age. Page 22.

Engraving of Lucretia Mott
An image of Lucretia Mott, early women's rights advocate, Quaker, and an opponent of slavery. Page 18.

Susan B. Anthony Seated - Mother of Woman Suffrage
A picture of Susan B. Anthony in her later years, working at her desk.

Pictures of Women's Suffrage Activists
A gallery of pictures of key women who helped to win the vote: images of women in the women's suffrage movement.

Pictures of Women's Suffrage Activists
A gallery of pictures of key women who helped to win the vote: images of women in the women's suffrage movement.

Pictures of Women's Suffrage Activists
A gallery of pictures of key women who helped to win the vote: images of women in the women's suffrage movement.

Sarah Moore Grimke - Women's Rights Proponent and Abolitionist
Sarah Moore Grimke and her sister Angelina were early women abolitionists who defended women's right to speak about important issues in public. Page 13.

What You Need to Know About Susan B. Anthony
Susan B. Anthony - what you need to know about Susan B. Anthony, women's suffrage foremother.

Aphra Behn
Aphra Behn, after a short career as a spy, made her living as a writer, the first woman to do so.

Sacagawea - Sacajawea - Guide in the Lewis and Clark Expedition
Sacagawea - often spelled Sacajawea - Shoshone Indian woman who served as a guide to the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Her image graces the new U.S. golden dollar coin.

National Association Opposed to Woman Suffrage
The National Association Opposed to Woman Suffrage was organized to work against efforts to win the vote for women.

Living Women's History Portrayals
Living history resources: portrayals of notable and ordinary women of history. For school and club programs, consider hiring an actress who portrays particular historical women and bring women's history to life. Commercial resources: endorsement not implied or given.

Feminism in 1960s Sitcoms
Looking for feminism in 1960s sitcoms? Take a look at the bold, innovative and quirky women on television who gave us a dash of feminism in 1960s sitcoms.

The Yellow Wallpaper: An Essay by Charlotte Perkins Gilman
Charlotte Perkins Gilman wrote her short story, The Yellow Wallpaper, based on some of her own life experiences. Find her entire short story here, along with resources for further study and questions for thinking about the essay and its place in women's history.

Which States Have Had No Women in Congress?
Which states have had no women representing them in Congress? See if you can guess which states have not had women Senators or women Representatives?

Which States Have Not Been Represented by Women in Congress?
Which states have sent women to neither the House of Representatives nor the Senate?

States With No Women in the Senate
Which states have never been represented in the United States Senate by a woman? Find out here, including a map.

States with No Women in the House of Representatives
Which states have never been represented by a woman in the United States House of Representatives? Find the list and a map here.

Louisa May Alcott Portrait
Portrait of American woman writer Louisa May Alcott.

Margaret of Anjou Portrait
The court of Margaret of Anjou is depicted in this 19th century illustration, drawn from period paintings.

Joanna of Castile and Aragon Portrait
Portrait of Joanna of Spain, daughter of Isabella and Ferdinand, painted around 1500.

Juana La Loca Portrait
Portrait of Juana of Castile and Aragon, from a painting on wood.

Maria Tallchief 2006
Maria Tallchief in 2006. Women's History.

Maria Tallchief 1944
Maria Tallchief, ballet pioneer, is shown here in 1944.

Two Swans - Anna Pavlova at Home 1927
Russian ballerina Anna Pavlova at home in London, 1927.

The Dying Swan: Painting of Anna Pavlova
Russian ballerina Anna Pavlova at home in London, 1927.

Empress Cixi Picture Gallery
Photographs and portraits of China's Dowager Empress Cixi or Tz'u Hsi.

Dowager Empress of China Photograph - Detail
Detail of photograph of the Dowager Empress of China Cixi.

Empress Cixi of China - Portrait
Empress Cixi of China in a color photograph.

Cixi - Empress of China
Cixi Empress of China. Women's History.

Cixi Official Portrait
Official Portrait of Cixi, Dowager Empress of China.

Christmas Pudding
An 1849 newspaper illustration depicts a woman serving Christmas pudding to a group of children at Christmas dinner.

Christmas Pudding - 1890
A recipe for Christmas pudding, without alcohol, from a schoolbook teaching cooking, 1890, London.

Christmas Pudding at the White House - 1887
Recipe from the White House Cookbook, 1867, by cooking writer Mrs. F. L. Gilette, based on the experience of Hugo Ziemann as Steward of the White House.

In the Bleak Mid-Winter: Poem by Christina Rossetti.
In the Bleak Mid-winter, a poem by Christina Rossetti. Part of a collection of Christmas quotes by women.

Christmas Eve: a poem by Christina Rossetti.
Christmas Eve - a poem by Christina Rossetti. Part of a collection of Christmas quotes by women.

Love Came Down at Christmas: Poem by Christina Rossetti.
Three poems by Christia Rossetti, all on the theme of Christmas, including: Love came down at Christmas.

Hildegard of Bingen Portrait
Portrait of medieval mystic and saint, Hildegard of Bingen.

Hildegard of Bingen Portrait
An engraving representing medieval saint Hildegard of Bingen.

Descent of Sebastian of Portugal
Women in the Habsburg dynasty were often married off to close relatives, to keep the power within the family.

Cartoon Mocking 1859 Woman's Rights Convention
Women's rights activity was often met with derision, in person and in the general press. This cartoon mocks the women's convention, while ignoring that the event was disrupted by anti-suffrage protestors.

Joining the NWSA
A cartoon mocking the National Woman Suffrage Association, showing typical role reversals and focusing on a

Jackie Joyner-Kersee Quote on Success
Jackie Joyner-Kersee quote on motivation and success.

Babe Didrikson Zaharias Quote on the Formula for Success
Babe Didrikson quotation on the formula for success.

Olga Korbut Quote
Olga Korbut, Olympic gymnast, on how to get through difficult beginnings.

Michelle Kwan Quote: Not Regrets
Michelle Kwan, on handling mistakes without regrets.

Althea Gibson Quote
Quote by Althea Gibson on accomplishments.

Women Nobel Literature Prize Winner 1928: Sigrid Undset
Norwegian novelist Sigrid Undset won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1928.

Women Nobel Literature Prize Winners
What women have won the Nobel Prize for Literature? They are from different cultures and wrote in quite different styles. How many do you know?

Women Nobel Literature Prize Winner 1991: Wislawa Szymborska
Wislawa Szymborska, Polish poet, won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1991.

Women Nobel Literature Prize Winner 2004: Elfriede Jelinek
German-speaking Austrian playwright and novelist Elfriede Jelinke won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2004.

Women Nobel Literature Prize Winner 2007: Doris Lessing
Doris Lessing, British writer, won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2007.

Women Nobel Literature Prize Winner 2009: Herta Müller
Romanian-born, German-speaking writer Herta Mueller won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2009.

Women Nobel Literature Prize Winner 2013: Alice Munro
Alice Munro, Canadian short story writer, won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2013.

More About Women Writers and Nobel Prize Winners
Find out more about women writers, in more articles on this site.

Women Nobel Literature Prize Winner 1909: Selma Lagerlöf
Selma Lagerlof, Swedish writer, was the first woman to win the Nobel Prize for Literature. She took the award in 1909.

Women Nobel Literature Prize Winner 1926: Grazia Deledda
Grazia Deledda won the Nobel Prize for Literature for 1926.

Women Nobel Literature Prize Winner 1938: Pearl S. Buck
American Pearl Buck won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1938.

Women Nobel Literature Prize Winner 1945: Gabriela Mistral
Chilean poet Gabriela Mistral won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1945.

Women Nobel Literature Prize Winner 1966: Nelly Sachs
Nelly Sachs, German born Swedish poet and playwright, won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1966.

Women Nobel Literature Prize Winner 1991: Nadine Gordimer
Nadine Gordimer of South Africa won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1991.

Women Nobel Literature Prize Winner 1993: Toni Morrison
Toni Morrison was the first African American woman to win the Nobel Prize for Literature (1993).

Suffrage Cartoon: John Stuart Mill
A cartoon from Punch magazine from 1867, mocking John Stuart Mill's support for women's suffrage.

Election Day! Making Fun of Women's Suffrage, 1909
Making fun of women voting was a common anti-suffrage theme before women got the vote.

Joan of Arc Burned at the Stake
An image of Joan of Arc being burned at the stake. Images are from artists in different time periods and represent Joan herself and events in her short career as a military leader.

Joan of Arc Image - About 1880
Image of Joan of Arc from the last 19th century, depicting her at prayer.

Saint Joan of Arc in Stained Glass
Joan of Arc, a patron saint of France, is here depicted in a stained glass window.

Joan of Arc Meets the Dauphin
Joan of Arc is shown arriving at Chinon Castle to meet with the Dauphin in 1429.

Joan of Arc Picture
In this image, Joan of Arc is shown in armor as she led French troops to victory over the English who claimed the crown of France in 1429.

Joan of Arc at the Fortress of Tournelles
Joan of Arc is here depicted (in a 19th century illustration) at the fortress of Tournelles.

Joan of Arc Triumphant
Joan of Arc is here shown entering Orleans triumphantly after her victory over the English in 1429.

Joan of Arc at Reims
Joan of Arc saw the Dauphin crowned as Charles VII, King of France, in Reims Cathedral, where her statue faces the entrance today.

Joan of Arc Saved France - World War I Poster: Women of America
Joan of Arc is the image selected for this World War I poster about women's role on the homefront.

Joan of Arc Statue - Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris, France
Joan of Arc is shown praying, in her armor, in this statue at Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris.

Mae Jemison Quote on Science
Quotation by Mae Jemison, part of a collection of quotes by African American women.

Ruby Dee Quote on Career and Family
Quotation by Ruby Dee, part of a collection of quotes by African American women.

Lorraine Hansberry Quote on Reflection
Quotation by Lorraine Hansberry, part of a collection of quotes by African American women.

Toni Morrison Quote on Books
Quotation by Toni Morrison, part of a collection of quotes by African American women.

Harriet Tubman Quote on Slavery
Harriet Tubman on slavery -- known and unknown.

Marian Anderson Quote on Keeping People Down
Quotation by Marian Anderson, part of a collection of quotes by African American women.

Pearl Bailey Quote on What the World Needs
Quotation by Pearl Bailey, part of a collection of quotes by African American women.

Marian Anderson Quote on Daring
Quotation by Marian Anderson, part of a collection of quotes by African American women.

Mary Mcleod Bethune Quote on Investing in Humanity
Quotation by Mary McLeod Bethune, part of a collection of quotes by African American women.

Audre Lorde Quote on Black Feminism
Quotation by Audre Lorde, part of a collection of quotes by African American women.

Dorothy Height Quote on Legacy
Quotation by Dorothy Height, part of a collection of quotes by African American women.

Alice Walker Quote on Womanism
Quotation by Alice Walker, part of a collection of quotes by African American women.

Jackie Joyner-kersee Quote on Athletics
Quotation by Jackie Joyner-Kersee, part of a collection of quotes by African American women.

Faye Wattleton Quote on Reproductive Freedom
Quotation by Faye Wattleton, part of a collection of quotes by African American women.

Barbara Jordan Quote on America's Promise
Quotation by Barbara Jordan, part of a collection of quotes by African American women.

Shirley Chisholm Quote on Change
Quotation by Shirley Chisholm, part of a collection of quotes by African American women.

Eleanor Roosevelt and Family at Hyde Park 1920
Eleanor Roosevelt is seated at the family home in Hyde Park, New York, with her husband, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and his mother.

Mary McLeod Bethune Picture
Portrait of Mary McLeod Bethune, from the 1920s.

Marian Anderson at the Lincoln Memorial, 1939
Marian Anderson sings from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial, 1939.

Marian Anderson at the Lincoln Memorial, 1939
Marian Anderson's singing reached millions from her performance at the Lincoln Memorial.

Liberalizing Divorce Laws
An illustration of marriage and divorce law in the early 20th century.

Helen Keller and Anne Sullivan - 1898
Helen Keller and Anne M. Sullivan are shown in 1898.

Helen Keller Graduates From Radcliffe College
Helen Keller graduation photo from Radcliffe College, 1904.

Helen Keller in Pictures - 1960
Helen Keller at age 80, in a garden.

Jane Scrimshaw 1711
19th century engraving after a 17th century portrait of London-born Jane Scrimshaw, reputed to have been born in 1584 and still alive and healthy in 1711.

Women of the First Family at the 2013 Public Inauguration Ceremony
Barack Obama's family is shown at the 2013 Inauguration, shortly before the ceremony.

Justice Sotomayor Administers Oath to Vice President, 2013
Justice Sonia Sotomayor administers the oath of office to Vice President Joe Biden as part of the public inauguration ceremony, January 21, 2013.

Justice Sotomayor Swears in Vice President
Justice Sonia Sotomayor swears in Vice President Joe Biden in the official ceremony, January 20, 2013.

Clintons and Carters at 2013 Inauguration
Former presidents and first ladies at the 2013 inauguration of Barack Obama.

Myrlie Evers-Williams Delivers Inauguration Invocation 2013
Myrlie Evers-Williams delivered the inauguration invocation on January 21, 2013.

Michelle Obama Inauguration Gown 2013 - First Look
Michelle Obama and President Obama wave to the crowd at the Commander-in-Chief's Inaugural Ball, January 21, 2013.

Michelle Obama and President Obama Serenaded by Jennifer Hudson
Michelle Obama and President Obama dance to music sung by Jennifer Hudson at the 2013 inaugural balls.

Salem Village Map
Map shows the likely location of most of the people living in Salem Village at the time of the witch trials, and also shows many of the landmarks and some homes outside the village.

Victorian Coffee Break
Victorian women enjoy coffee and conversation, about 1858.

Fugitive Slave Law Convention of 1850
Picture illustrates an anti-slavery meeting, the Fugitive Slave Law Convention of 1850

Molly Pitcher - American History Heroine
From a painting depicting Molly Pitcher, a heroine of the American Revolution.

Molly Pitcher - Pictures of Molly Pitcher of the American Revolution
Depictions in art of Molly Pitcher, American Revolution heroine.

Abigail Adams Portrait - Black and White Engraving
Portrait of Abigail Adams, married to John Adams who served as Vice President and President of the United States, as well as taking a major role in the American Revolution.

Portrait of Abigail Adams by Gilbert Stuart
This portrait of Abigail Adams painted by Gilbert Stuart, is perhaps the most iconic of her. But it's not the only such portrait we have.

Abigail Adams as a Young Woman
This portrait of Abigail Adams is less familiar to most, painted in her younger years.

Abigail Smith Portrait, Daughter of Abigail Adams and John Adams
Portrait of Abigail Amelia Adams Smith, daughter of Abigail Adams and John Adams.

Mary Shelley Portrait
A portrait of writer Mary Shelley, best known as the author of Frankenstein.

Marie Curie with Female Students
Marie Curie, known more for her laboratory discoveries, also was a professor. She encouraged female students in the sciences.

Marie Curie, 1920
Marie Curie, winner of two Nobel Prizes, continued her laboratory work.

Marie Curie with daughters Irene and Eve, 1921.
Marie Curie is shown with her daughters Irene and Eve in 1921 on a trip to America.

Marie Curie, 1930
Marie Curie is shown in 1930. Women's History.

Marie Sklodowska Arrives in Paris, 1891
Marie Curie arrived in Paris in 1891, age 24.